Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Diagnosing SI Joint Disorders - SI Joint Injection Demonstration

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Dr. Amish Patel will discuss and demonstrate the recommended technique for SI Joint injection.

Typically the current gold standard is that SI joint injection should be performed under

fluoroscopic guidance, utilizing contrast to confirm needle placement, injecting no

more than 2 ccs. of solution whether its a diagnostic and/or a therapeutic injection.

The percent pain reduction that were looking for after a diagnostic sacroiliac joint pain

injection under fluoroscopy is performed

is greater than or equal to a 75% pain reduction when comparing pre-procedure and post-procedure

visual analog pain scores within 15 to 30 minutes.

We use the provocative maneuvers or simple functional activities like sitting, standing

and walking as typical measures of the pain reduction.

Furthermore, patients will take home a pain diary log where theyll record their pain

intensity scores every two hours for up to 24 hours.

During the intra-articular SI Joint injection procedure, a C-arm is used to identify the

inferior portion of the SI Joint with the patient in the prone position.

Some physicians place a pillow under the abdomen at the level of the iliac crests.

So when we do the SI Joint injection, we typically want to start off by getting a true

lateral image, which looks like this. This is where the anterior and posterior SI joints

are superimposed, okay, which is what we see in this particular picture. Then what Im

going to do is Im going to rotate it towards me, and what youre going to notice here

is that the SI Joint is going to start to separate. And thats what were seeing

right now, to the point that we basically see our posterior joint, which is right here,

and our anterior joint, which is right here, separating completely. Okay. And what we think

is that the posterior joint, which is the medial one, is located right here: this is

our opening. So this is basically where were going to want to make our mark, and anesthetize

the skin.”

The sterilized area is anesthetized with 1% Lidocaine.

At this point we dont want to put any numbing medicine in the muscle, because we

dont want to create any sort of a false positive anesthetization of the muscle. So

we want to do just superficial anesthesia.”

A 22-gauge 3.5styletted spinal needle will then be used to advance toward the target

using intermittent fluoroscopic guidance.

So the next step now is were just going to put the needle over the numbing area, and

it should view overlying the SI Joint. So lets get that to look like that. So the

needle typically should start at the media aspect of the joint line, which is what we

see in this picture here.”

And we poke through the skin, and the needle is still along the needle part of the joint

line, which is perfect.”

Dr. Patel advances the 22-gauge, 3.5 inch styletted spinal needle, and the tip encounters

anarticular slideafter piercing the joint capsule. A distinctpopcan be

felt when the joint is penetrated.

So at this point when we take a look at the needle here, Im just piercing the capsule

only, I dont want to drive it through and through. So what happened was I put the needle

to hit bone, and then I walked it into the joint, and now what we want to do is inject

a little bit of contrast.”

Once the needle is properly positioned within the inferior portion of the joint, 0.25 milliliters

of ones contrast medium of choice is injected.

So now we can start seeing the contast flowing up into the joint here. And you can

see it flowing up into the capsule there. Now what I want to do is see if I can get

a little bit deeperright there.”

So in this particular photo you can see all the contrast basically filling up the

posterior part of the joint, which is right here. Okay. And this is the anterior part

of the joint.”

And in the lateral view here you can actually see the contrast flowing up into the joint

space right here. Okay. So at this point I dont want to inject any more contrast;

I want to go ahead and basically put the numbing medicine into the joint. And were going

to inject about 1.7 ccs of anesthetic.”

For diagnostic injections such as this, up to 2 ml of local anesthetic may be injected.

For therapeutic injections, 0.75 milliliters of the steroid of ones choice and 1.25

milliliters of 0.5% Marcaine would be used.

And were all done, okay. Needle out on three: one, two, three. All finished, okay.”

I just wanted to point a few distinctive differences between the diagnostic injection

you just saw compared to this patient. What you noticed on the first patient was that

the contrast was only going into the posterior part of the SI joint and in this particular

diagnostic injection that we performed just recently youre going to see it going through

the posterior and anterior SI joint.

So heres a picture of the actual needle in the distal third of the SI joint in the

posterior aspect of the joint, like we talked about before, which is mostly located along

the medial aspect; while this line here, this joint space, is the ventral aspect.

Going to the next photo here you can see as the contrast extravasates it actually goes

up both, along the posterior contour, and the anterior contour of the SI joint there.

Moving to the next image, this is our lateral view, OK. You can actually see the medication

basically extravasating into both the posterior and the anterior SI joint. And you can also

notice on this view that the medication is not leaking out of the joint. Which tells

me that when I inject this numbing medicine I dont run the risk of developing a false

positive diagnosis, and running the risk of anesthetizing the L-5 nerve root, the S-1

nerve root or the lumbosacral plexus.

And this is just in our oblique view where once again you can see the medication nicely

going along the anterior SI joint and along the posterior SI joint and you can see its

staying within the confines of the capsule and none of it is leaking out.”

Its really important to understand that when performing a diagnostic SI joint injection

that youre not always going to get contrast that flows through the posterior and anterior

SI joint spaces. But its very important that you at least see medication or contrast

flowing into the posterior SI joint space.”

A therapeutic sacroiliac joint injection can definitely yield a long-term result in reduction

of pain. Typically what we expect after the first therapeutic sacroiliac joint injection

is within a two-week period a 40-50% pain reduction.

As noted in the Zelle paper, the injection of corticosteroids has shown to improve the

pain for several months.

However, the anti-inflammatory effect is not permanent, and the injections do not offer

an opportunity to stabilize an incompetent joint.

After a therapeutic sacroiliac joint injection is performed a pelvic strengthening and stabilization

program is typically the next step in the treatment plan. This program typically lasts

for as long as six to eight weeks.

When patients are unresponsive to therapeutic sacroiliac joint injections in conjunction

with physical rehabilitation treatment then the next step in the treatment plan would

be to consider …(deletion) …a minimally invasive SI joint fusion.

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