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yeah vamos a la playa now we're going to

the beach hi everybody welcome back to

top words my name is Alisha and today

we're gonna be talking about 20 travel

phrases that you should know so let's go

do you have any recommendations the

first phrase is do you have any

recommendations this is great to use

when you get to a restaurant where you

don't know what the food is you don't

know anything about the local cuisine or

you're just feeling a little bit

adventurous you can ask the waitstaff

do you have any recommendations how much

is this how much is this this is useful

when you're out shopping or when you're

in a restaurant and the price is not

clearly marked or something is not clear

to you so you can ask how much is this

usually when you point to something I

would recommend like pointing to the

menu are pointing to an item how much is

this

I'd like this you can point to something

and say I'd like this if you want to say

I'd like one for example I don't know

you're getting beer I'd like one of

these if however you're in a situation

where you can't point you can say I'd

like ten of the blah blah blah I'd like

ten of blue t-shirts please can I try

this on is useful when you're shopping

for clothes so you find something that

you'd like to try just ask the staff can

I try this on you can just say I want to

try this on if you like do you speak

English

you might get asked this phrase so you

should say if you're watching this video

you should probably say yes or you can

say yes a little if you're not feeling

very confident if you're watching this

video and you're understanding this part

and you say no things that's a little

strange I have a reservation

usually the staff will greet you and you

can say I have a reservation hello I

have a reservation it's at seven o'clock

the name is Alisha usually we say the

name is or it's under meaning the

reservation is under my name or it's for

name or it's in name water please

depending on which country are from

water may or

may not automatically be brought to your

table when you're in a restaurant if you

would like more water however you can

say water please

to make it a little more polite I would

like wave at the waitstaff and say could

I please have some more water do you

take credit cards do you take credit

cards in case you're not sure if the

shop that you're in will accept credit

cards or debit cards you can ask them do

you take credit cards

it's so it doesn't mean do you take

meaning are you going to take my card

but this take means do you accept credit

cards this isn't what I ordered so if

you're at a restaurant you order steak

and you get lobster instead you can look

at it and go oh this isn't what I

ordered

be careful though say this politely if

you look at the waitstaff and you say

this isn't what I ordered they're gonna

be like I don't know just be a nice

customer excuse me but I don't think

this is what I ordered or this isn't

what I ordered can you please check

could we have the menu please if for

some reason you don't receive a menu

when you come to the table you can again

just wave it a member of the staff and

say could we have the menu please could

you give me a discount could you give me

a discount means I would like a cheaper

price

essentially it depends on which country

you're in if haggling or bargaining

meaning talking to the seller to try to

reduce the price my family didn't

bargain we didn't haggle so I don't

haggle it depends on you and your

culture but just yeah just be be aware

of the culture that you're in and the

place that you're in before you ask this

question do you have any vegetarian

dishes ah this is useful some people

have specific eating requirements or

eating needs maybe food allergies for

example you can replace vegetarian with

the specific dietary requirement that

you have do you have any vegan dishes do

you have any gluten-free dishes do you

have any low-fat dishes do you have any

low-carb dishes do you have any fish

free dishes do you have any could you

take a picture of me please if you are

in a location where you would like to

take a picture but you don't want to do

a selfie or you don't have a selfie

stick or whatever you want someone else

to take a picture of you astray

which you don't know you can ask them

could you take a picture of me please or

excuse me would you mind taking a

picture of me please

I'm allergic to blah blah blah if you

have a food allergy or even an allergy

to a medicine this is the phrase you can

use to explain that I'm allergic to

wheat or I can't eat wheat for example

is the Wi-Fi free meaning can I use the

Wi-Fi free of charge

keep in mind some places have a password

that you have to ask the staff for so

you can say is the Wi-Fi free if they

say yes you can then follow that up with

can I have the password I'd like to have

a non-smoking seat please so when you go

to a restaurant you have an option

between smoking and non-smoking sections

the staff will say smoking or

non-smoking you can say I'd like to have

a non-smoking seat please quite honestly

though the most natural response is just

to say non-smoking could I get a map

maybe it's a map of the subway system

for the city that you're in or maybe

it's a map of the area around your hotel

you could say could I have a map as well

could I have the check you're finished

it's your cafe you're finished at the

restaurant and it's time to leave it's

time to pay so you say to the waitstaff

excuse me could I have the check another

more common expression perhaps is excuse

me check please

you might also hear bill excuse me can I

have the bill where is the bathroom

very important question if you're

traveling in America we don't really use

the word toilet or washroom very much we

use bathroom or restroom to talk about

toilet facilities excuse me can you tell

me where the bathroom is or excuse me

I'm looking for the bathroom or I'm

looking for the restroom is this the

train for blah blah blah or is this the

train that goes to blah blah blah to

confirm with someone that I'm indeed on

the correct train line if I say is this

the train bound for San Francisco you

can use that to check if you're correct

ten compliments that you always want to

hear let's go I love your cooking this

is my personal favorite compliment oh my

god I love cooking like I'm all

posting like pictures of things that I

cooked on Twitter I'm just like crazy

about food so this would be a compliment

that I would love to get like the

ultimate compliment for me that would be

will you make my birthday cake that

would be such a compliment like it's a

question but it's it there's so much

behind that will you make my birthday

cake you would give that to me so maybe

after you can use this after a meal for

example I love your cooking and the

other person will be like next is great

job great job this is a compliment that

you can use anytime you can use it to

your with your friend with your not with

your boss your boss might use it with

you an employee a co-worker or colleague

pet even whatever it's it's just a very

small scale very easy to use compliment

it means you think whatever has just

happened is good I use great job all the

time I use great job and I use a good

job sometimes when I make a mistake or

something funny happens and I'm alone at

my house and I want to make fun of

myself I'll be like yeah great job

Alicia but if I'm if I'm trying to be

positive about a failure or laugh at

myself of it but in general it's just a

good easy compliment to give someone

great job you have a way with words you

have a way with words this can be

speaking this can be writing it means

you think that the other person is a

good communicator or maybe even more so

than just a good communicator you think

that the way they speak or the way that

they write is particularly good so that

could mean funny it could mean romantic

it could mean dramatic something about

the way they speak or the way that they

write you really enjoy that you can say

you have a way with words it's quite a

nice compliment I think it's kind of

like a you know it's smart it's a bit of

a smart thing you have a way with words

or you can say you're good with words

you're really good with words

yeah all right next one you look

gorgeous

you look gorgeous very nice compliment

to give just be very careful with the

way that you say this for an everyday

compliment I tend not to say you look

nice or you look gorgeous

today or something like that because the

underlying comment there is on the other

days that person doesn't look nice like

so if I want to compliment someone's

appearance I try to pick a specific

thing I'm like oh I've never seen you

wear that sweater before it looks nice

on you

something like that like yesterday my

friend had a new dress on and like is

that a new dress and because I thought

she looked nice but I didn't I didn't

want to make it sound like I don't think

she looks nice every day so I said is

that a new dress and she goes yeah and I

said I think that color is really really

nice on you it looks really good and she

was so happy about that so yes there

there are these compliments like you

look nice you look great you look

gorgeous and so on but I personally kind

of prefer to level them up a little bit

and just say pick a specific thing like

did you get a new haircut did you dye

your hair or you did you get something

did something happen like what whatever

it is try to pick up on a specific thing

because then that shows you're paying

attention to the other person and you

think that whatever they have chosen to

do whatever like clothing or whatever

haircut whatever it is you think that

they have good sense there too or good

style so it's kind of like a double

that's a very subtle double compliment

yeah the next word is you have good

tastes you have good taste this can be

for food fashion style for decorating

sense music in movies whatever if you

think that that person's artistic

selection is in whatever capacity if you

think that that person makes good

choices with their their appearance or

their hobbies or whatever you can say

you have good taste this is a fairly

sophisticated compliment I think we use

you have good taste for something like

it's it sounds a bit more sophisticated

maybe if you both choose the same bottle

of wine perhaps like it has kind of a

more formal adult dish sophisticated

feeling about it this compliment so yeah

maybe maybe wine is a good example of

that yeah oh nice bottle choice like I

really like that you have good taste you

can follow this by the way you have good

taste in blah blah blah you have good

taste in movies

you have good taste in music if you want

to be specific about something that you

think that person is really good at

choosing you have good taste in now okay

okay um next one is you have a great

sense of humor you have a great sense of

humor this is the this is the underlying

compliment in the phrase you are so

funny

this is the underlying compliment you

have a great sense of humor means the

other person thinks you are funny that

you are good at telling jokes or you

make them laugh this is actually one of

my favorite compliments to get you have

a great sense of humor yeah because I

think that like you know people like to

laugh so it's an it's an if someone

makes you laugh you can say this you

have a great sense of humor or you're

very funny yeah it's a good one

it's a really good one so you can say

after a joke for example or after maybe

you've you're you finished laughing it's

something the other person has said you

can say ah you have a great sense of

humor good next one is your resume is

impressive this is a weird compliment to

say to your friends unless you're like

reviewing your friends or resume it's a

bit weird this is something that perhaps

someone interviewing another person for

a job would say the candidate comes in

for the interview the interviewer says

wow your resume is very impressive I'd

like to ask you a few questions about it

so this is good to hear in a work

situation yeah you really probably won't

need to use this with your friends if

you do it's kind of weird

oh wow this next one is quite a

compliment

nobody's ever says this yeah to be fair

if somebody said this next one to me I

would feel a little bit of like pressure

the compliment here is you make me want

to be a better person this is something

that I think you see in movies from time

to time yeah I've had I had one person

say like like oh that something you did

inspired me and that was like really

like wow that was really exciting like

somebody was inspired by something like

wow that's great I want to be like you

that's a really cool compliment but if

someone says you want to make me be a

better person it's like oh wow

like

that means I'm really important to that

person which is really flattering but at

the same time if someone said that I

would also be like if it's like my

friend I would be like but I want you to

be you like I think you're a cool person

already yeah it's like oh you make me

want to be a better person like in that

person's viewpoint you're like somehow

above them and that's uncomfortable yeah

just I would rather say you inspire me I

think that that are like this thing that

you did really inspired me like if

somebody said like I saw that picture

that she posted on Twitter of that pizza

today Alicia and it really inspired me

and I made my own pizza I'd be like yay

Oh next one is nice actually I say this

to my friends quite a bit you are an

awesome friend this is really really

good to use after your friend has helped

you with something maybe you're moving

to a new apartment or new house or maybe

you've had some trouble and your friend

gave you some good advice or your friend

just listens to you when you really

needed to talk to someone after that

experience you could say thanks so much

you were an awesome friend or maybe your

friend did something really really cool

and you just want to like tell them like

I think you're really awesome just say

you are an awesome friend they'll be

happy to hear that or just you can

abbreviate it - you are awesome not just

you're an awesome friend just you are

awesome you're a cool person you are

awesome you're fantastic you are an

awesome

you're an awesome ten ways to motivate

yourself when learning English let's go

the first way to motivate yourself is to

imagine that one day you will live in

the United States so to do this imagine

what is your day going to be like when

you live in the u.s. where will you go

who will you meet where will you shop

and so on

imagine your day in the United States

okay the second way to motivate yourself

when you're studying English is to study

other aspects of the culture - which

makes it more rewarding to study English

okay so this means of course studying

English as a language but if there's a

specific country that you would like to

visit or a specific part of that

country's culture try to learn about

that - if you like music if you like the

food if you like the history try to find

something of

about a specific country or a specific

part of that country's culture that you

enjoy in addition to studying the

language okay way number three to

motivate yourself is finding funny words

in English okay so finding a word that

sounds funny or a word that you enjoy

using or a phrase that you enjoy using

can really increase your motivation for

using that word and for interacting with

people so if you can find those phrases

that you think are funny or are fun they

can be really really helpful for you as

you learn your language the next way to

motivate yourself is to make friends

with people who speak English so of

course if you don't have any friends who

are English speakers especially native

English speakers it's a really good idea

to make some friends

this way you can practice with them you

can learn from them and you can just see

maybe what their life is like and how

their life is different from yours so

this is a great way to practice a great

way to learn and a great way to think

more internationally as well the next

way to motivate yourself is watching

YouTube videos of other people who have

successfully learned English so you can

listen to people what worked for them

how did they study where did they go

what materials did they use what did

they find

not helpful so you can try to find a

strategy that works well for you through

using resources like YouTube for example

it's a great way to find people that

maybe match with what you need okay

the next way to motivate yourself is by

watching English movies and TV shows and

enjoying the feeling when you can

understand a word or a sentence yeah I

do this too when you enjoy something

when you find entertainment value in

something like music movies TV and you

there's that moment when you pick up or

when you understand what your favorite

character said or you understand it like

a key point in the story it's a really

really good feeling it makes you want to

continue watching I think so that's a

really really nice feeling I think and

you can do that by enjoying media so

it's a fun way to learn and it's a fun

feeling to experience

okay the next way to motivate yourself

is by reading English news articles

blogs and magazines to get a feel for

formal and casual language so the style

that we use here like an English class

101 and this on the videos on this

channel is quite casual most of the time

or at least in these videos it's very

casual

but the way that I speak in the way a

newspaper is written the way a magazine

is written the way a a newscaster

presents the information these are all

different ways of communicating we're

using the same language yes but there

are different styles so it's important

to try to understand those differences

and to become familiar with them so try

to find a few different things that you

can enjoy the next way to motivate

yourself is after dinner you write about

your day in a journal in English okay

this is an interesting idea so just take

a few minutes after dinner or before you

go to bed to write something in English

about what you did that day or maybe so

you have a chance to talk about future

tense or to use the future tense you can

use you can talk about your upcoming

plans or the things you're going to do

the next day so you can talk about past

tense what you did that day maybe

present tense how you're feeling as

you're writing your journal for the day

and future tense to talk about your

upcoming plan so journaling can be a

really effective exercise for motivating

you okay the next way to motivate

yourself inspire practicing with

flashcards of useful words and phrases

for 15 minutes every day on the train I

actually do do this I use but I use an

application to study in Japanese to

study kanji and 15 minutes every day

adds up over the course of a week you

can learn a lot of information in a

short period of time and if you live in

the country where your target language

is spoken then you might even find the

word you studied on the train you see it

like after you leave the train you might

see that word later on in your day so

you can immediate

we feel like an extra sense of

motivation by knowing that this thing

you're studying is applicable it's

something you can use right away it's a

really cool feeling so this is a tip I

honestly I use this last I make sure to

thank anyone and everyone who corrects

my English yeah I I think this is really

important because people are really nice

they don't want to correct you when you

make a mistake but sometimes people do

they're really polite about it and they

tell you the more tell you a more

natural way or they give you a

suggestion for how to improve your

English make sure you say thank you like

repeat after them and then say thank you

so that you know it's motivation for

them to tell you again in the future to

help you again in the future so make

sure to say thank you to anyone who

helps you with your English hi everybody

my name is Alisha welcome back to our

English class Channel today we're gonna

be talking about the difference between

bye and until so let's get started okay

so first we're gonna talk about bye-bye

marks a deadline for an action to finish

by marks the point where an action

completes or is replaced by another

action so really think about using by to

express a deadline something is going to

stop or you must finish an action at

this point in time so we can think about

by as marking some point in the future

so by mark some point in the future

where an action is going to finish an

action is going to be completed so in an

example sentence I have I'll be at the

office by 7:00 p.m. so in this sentence

the speaker is not at the office but

7:00 p.m. is the deadline this is the

point in time at which the speaker will

be at the office the speaker is not at

the office now but by 7:00 p.m. by the

7:00 p.m. deadline the speaker will be

at the office this will shows us this is

a future tense Express

and by shows us the deadline the point

at which that expression or the point at

which that action is going to be

completed so this is how we use by to

think about it like a deadline some

point in time at which an action will be

completed or finished okay so let's

continue on to the other grammar point

for today which is until until also has

a more casual form we can use till TI ll

or apostrophe TI l you might see both

spellings used for until til or til in

most cases it's good to use until in

casual speaking and maybe in casual

writing you can use the casual form but

until is always polite and is always

correct okay so when we use until let's

talk about when to use until we use

until to talk about a continuing

situation or a continuing state now in

the present or in the future but it's

going to change or stop so the key

difference one key difference here

perhaps is a continuing situation a

continuing state with by the nuance is a

deadline something is going to finish at

a deadline here however until gives us

the nuance of something that's

continuing something true now for

example but that may not be true in the

future until marks the point where that

action or that state is going to finish

or change

hmm okay so we can think of it rather

than as a deadline as a key point in the

future somewhere where action a

continues until a point where we use

until and then a second action begins

something is going to change at the

until point with by however we don't

have the nuance of an action changing

we only have the nuance of a deadline so

here until is used to show that

something different is going to happen

or something something will finish but

there's going to be a change after the

the until point so for example this

sentence very similar to the by example

sentence is I'll be at the office until

7 p.m. so here we have the future tense

aisle I will I will be at the office

until 7 p.m. this sentence shows us the

speaker is at the office right now

however at 7 p.m. until shows us that 7

p.m. is the point at which the situation

or this state is going to change so at 7

p.m. the speaker is probably going to

leave the office until shows us that

right here the action or the state is

going to change so please keep that in

mind

until shows you a change in something by

shows more of a deadline for an action

that is continuing so I hope that we can

practice this in a few example sentences

now okay so let's try to choose the

correct word to use in these example

sentences should we use buy or should we

use until in these cases so the first

one I have is he has to find a new job

bla bla bla March so in this case we see

a point in time we can think about it

should we use by or until here if we use

by we see that the deadline the deadline

nuance matches here he has to find a new

job by March if we use until he has to

find a new job until March there's no

information in this sentence that shows

us a hint or that gives us a hint about

how the action is going to change until

does not make sense for this question

so we should use by in the

case he has to find a new job by March

is the correct answer for this sentence

in the second sentence I'm not going to

go to bed

bla bla bla I finish this movie so in

this sentence we have at the end I

finish this movie so there's some action

maybe that's continuing here and we have

another action I'm not going to go to

bed in this case it's a negative so

there are two actions here this is a

pretty good hint that there's an action

that's going to change at some point

instead of the nuance of a deadline so

for this sentence until is the best

answer I'm not going to go to bed until

until I finish this movie this shows us

that at this point the point where I

finish the movie I'm going to go to bed

this marks the change in the continuing

state or the continuing situation so the

next sentence is they need to write

their reports la blah blah tomorrow so

this sentence there's no change in the

sentence we don't have any hints about

some kind of different action that's

going to happen instead we have maybe

what seems to be a deadline some

requirement here too so if we try to use

until it doesn't make sense there's no

changing action we can't guess about

what might happen in the future or a

change that might happen so by is the

best answer here they need to write

their reports by tomorrow tomorrow is

the deadline so we can guess that

tomorrow is the deadline here by shows

us that it's the deadline in this case

for this task alright let's take a look

at something a little bit different here

we have we can't leave the house bla bla

bla your mother calls so again there are

two situations there are two actions

involved in this sentence we have leave

the house and your mother calls makes a

phone call so because there are two

actions here we can guess that there's

some change that's going to happen so

because we learned that until marks a

change in actions we know that until is

the better answer here okay we can't

leave the house until your mother calls

would be the correct sentence here

alright so let's look at the next

sentence though this one is a tricky

sentence this one is a little bit

difficult we have I'm not going to be

there something something

8 p.m. hmm so here we have 8 p.m. at the

end of a sentence which looks like a

deadline right we have going to be there

mmm so should we use bye or until for

this sentence it's difficult because

actually both are okay for this sentence

I'm not going to be there by 8:00 p.m.

is correct and I'm not going to be there

until 8:00 p.m. is also correct

however the meanings are very different

just as we practiced in these two

sentences I'll be at the office until

I'll be at the office by 7:00 p.m. the

same is true here I'm not going to be

there by 8:00 p.m. means I'm not going

to be there at 8:00 p.m. it's not

possible for me I can't go however I'm

not going to be there until 8:00 p.m.

this sentence means after 8:00 p.m. or

beginning at 8:00 p.m. and after I'm

going to be there so please be careful

in some cases both bye and until are

correct but they change the meaning of

the sentence okay let's continue to

another example so the next example

sentence is also a little bit difficult

it's if my date doesn't arrive something

something 7:00 p.m. I'm leaving okay

so here we have we do have to

actions doesn't arrive my date doesn't

arrive a negative point and I'm leaving

so it seems like there are two actions

here however we have this 7:00 p.m. this

marks a deadline right so if my date

doesn't arrive there's some deadline

here if this is not completed something

is going to happen the person is going

to leave so in this case 7:00 p.m. is

showing a deadline so we have to use bye

if my date doesn't arrive until 7:00

p.m. we could use that but it doesn't

sound so natural so the new once again

here is of a deadline there's something

that is going to happen at 7:00 p.m.

7:00 p.m. marks the endpoint in this

situation so we use by here okay let's

go to the next pair again these are very

interesting points we have to leave the

beach but bah blah 10:00 a.m. and we

have to stay at the beach

bla bla bla 10:00 a.m. okay so these two

sentences I included because I wanted to

show the emphasis of changing actions

and continuing actions so we can see the

verbs are different here in the first

sentence we have leave so this is a

change leaving a location in the second

sentence I have stay which shows a

continuing action stay in one place so

here as you can guess then we have to

leave the beach blah blah blah 10:00

a.m. some change some deadline so we'll

use by to show our deadline in the

second sentence we have to stay at the

beach stay shows a continuing action and

then it's going to finish here so we'll

use unto we have to stay at the beach

until 10:00 a.m. this shows us a

continuing action and maybe at 10:00

we'll leave the beach all right let's go

on to the next sentence

I'm not going to travel abroad blah blah

blah

I learn English okay so here there's no

time point there's no 10 a.m. 8 p.m.

tomorrow and so on so this is a little

more complex maybe we have travel abroad

and learn English so it seems there's no

real deadline here but we have maybe a

change maybe this shows us some kind of

change learning English marks a change

so I'm not going to travel abroad until

I learn English hmm

this shows us that something different

is going to happen in the future so we

should use until to mark that change

okay our last example sentence for today

is we told him to wake up

bla bla bla 6 a.m. so once more our last

sentence may be a little bit simple but

6 a.m. shows us an action sort of this

deadline you can see a lot of these use

a time to mark a deadline for an action

so here we told him to wake up by 6 a.m.

this is the point at which something

must happen so we should use bye ok

great so those are a few examples

sentences that you can have a look at

and think about when you're trying to

decide whether to use bye or until keep

in mind however there are some cases

where both by or until are correct but

the meaning is going to change

significantly depending on the one you

use so I hope this lesson was useful for

you if you have any questions or if you

want to try to make an example sentence

using bye

or until please be sure to leave us a

comment if you liked this video - please

be sure to hit the thumbs up and

subscribe to our channel if you haven't

already thanks very much for watching

this episode and we will see you again

soon bye

ten words for connecting thoughts these

are going to be ten words that you can

use to transition between ideas very

useful in both speech and in writing

let's move also also also is a word that

you can use to add information I went to

the store this morning also I went and

got coffee that's true however however

however is used to contrast or to

contrast depending on your pronunciation

to differentiate to show a difference

between two pieces of information a good

pattern would be a however B so for

example I love to uncle Tadamon however

it is very high in calories so I don't

eat it often also true on the other hand

on the other hand on the other hand is I

feel used more commonly in speech than

it is in writing again it's used to

present like two sides to a story or two

sides to some information so for example

I'm thinking about visiting Taiwan

sometime this year but on the other hand

I'm also thinking about visiting

Thailand still so it might be common to

use still with the word like butt or

word like even though so you're saying

even though there's some other factor

like like I'm really really tired this

week or even though I have a lot of

homework to do I still want to go out

with my friends or I still want to see a

movie this weekend so there's this other

there's this thing that's maybe mix this

other action difficult to do or tough to

do or whatever but even though there's

this you still have this over here so

maybe the two are kind of used as a pair

I still want to go out later even though

I'm tired

then then yes a very useful word we use

then when telling stories a lot so for

example if I could tell a story about my

morning today when I got up I brushed my

teeth and then I cooked breakfast

I did a little bit of work then I took a

shower then I did some cooking blah blah

blah you'll often hear and then as well

and then I and then we and then you and

so on

so then it is really really useful for

sequencing so a useful word I think

besides besides so it's commonly used in

a pattern like besides that meaning

other than something else I went out

with my friends this weekend but besides

that I didn't really do much so another

way to say that sentence is I went out

with my friends this weekend but other

than that other than that activity I

didn't do very much okay meanwhile

meanwhile or you might hear the similar

expression in the meantime it means

while you're doing action a at the same

time maybe somewhere else action be is

happening this is used while telling

stories a lot so for example I was

working at my office all week last week

meanwhile my co-workers across town were

having a party without me so these two

things are happening at the same time

but maybe separate from one another

meanwhile likewise okay likewise I don't

really use this word personally myself

at all it's often used after an

introduction similar to the pleasure is

all mine in a formal situation so maybe

somebody says you know hey it was really

great to see you last weekend thanks

very much for coming to my barbecue you

can say yeah likewise it was really good

to see you in your family so likewise

means I have the same feeling or I have

the same idea it's kind of a friendly

phrase but personally I don't really use

that to transition between thoughts um I

would just use and I suppose but that's

how I would use it instead instead so so

instead it's used like instead of I want

to

a instead of B can be used to express

your plans or what you want to do I want

to have Chinese food instead of Italian

food tonight

so you're presenting two alternatives

essentially so instead of means in place

of or as a substitute for so I should

have drank a lot of water this morning

but instead I drank a lot of coffee

that's true I wanted to have dinner with

my friends this weekend instead I had

dinner at home in addition in addition

this is a really good word for more

formal situations I like to use in

addition in writing I don't really use

in addition in speaking unless I'm

trying to be very formal for some reason

similar to additionally as well so you

make a point a and point B and then when

you want to make one more point that's

related to point A and point B you can

say in addition point C so you're like

building an argument and in addition can

be used to kind of finish that argument

off a little bit our new marketing plan

worked really well last month we noticed

increased sales in product a in addition

we've gained a lot of new customers

something like that so just your your

quickly presenting a series of ideas

that are related to one another you can

use in addition to finish it off 20

words you'll need for the beach let's go

sunglasses the first word is sunglasses

sunglasses are those dark glasses that

you wear on your face when it's bright

outside in a sentence I forgot my

sunglasses hold on I forgot my

sunglasses beach beach is the place near

the ocean you might have a beach in your

city or in your country the beach is

usually visited in the summertime the

image is lots of Sun you can get a tan

you can get a sunburn but it's usually a

fun place to spend time with family and

friends in a sentence I'm going to the

beach with my friends this weekend I'm

so excited

in this sentence she walked along the

beach swimming

the next word is swimming swimming is of

course a popular activity to do at the

beach I go swimming at the beach

every summer or in this sentence be very

careful when swimming in the Pacific

Ocean might be sharks Sun Sun is that

big bright thing in the sky that will

make your skin change color if you stay

in it for too long the Sun in a sentence

the Sun is really bright let's get out

of the Sun palm tree the next word is

palm tree so palm trees are a type of

tree they're usually seen in like

tropical places like Hawaii has palm

trees any place close to the equator

then the middle line of the earth I

think that's where palm trees tend to

grow it's kind of an image of the beach

so palm trees there are a lot of palm

trees near the beach in California that

palm tree is almost 60 feet tall

seashell the next word is seashell

seashell are those little objects you

find on the beach like in the sand or in

the water in some cases they're like

shells from like clams or maybe oysters

sometimes two depending on what you

consider a seashell but if you break the

word down it's sea and shell so like

something from the ocean and the shell

are like the covering the outside of

something so usually a small creature a

small animal has lived inside the

seashell and then you can collect them

and look at them or make something from

them little kids like to collect them I

used to collect seashells when I was a

kid oh my gosh look at this example

sentence it says it's bad luck to take

seashells from the beach swimsuit

swimsuit is the clothing you wear to

swim in your swimming suit there are

men's swimsuits women's swimsuits

usually men's swimsuits are like short

sport shorts or I suppose there's the

what like speedo makes like the men's

swimsuits as well the really small ones

and then for women they have one-piece

swimsuits they have and then they have

bikini swimsuits the two-piece swimsuits

so in a sentence I hate swimsuit

shopping in this

sentence I need a new swimsuit this

summer ocean

the next word is ocean ocean is the big

blue the big water the big deep blue sea

in a sentence the ocean is so beautiful

at night in this sentence he dipped his

feet in the ocean

lifeguard lifeguard a lifeguard is a

person at the beach

life guard so someone who guards lives

if someone gets into trouble in the

water they start to drown or they start

to have trouble if there's an accident

at the beach the lifeguard at the beach

is responsible for handling that problem

so they'll call an ambulance or they

know how to do first aid to save people

so in a sentence it's important to go to

beaches where there are lifeguards

available if you need help in the

sentence there isn't a lifeguard on duty

here jetski next word is jetski a jetski

is a like a water motorcycle you can

ride around it on with your friends

alone riding jet skis is a lot of fun in

the sentence if you have a driver's

license you can drive a jetski beach

towel the next expression is beach towel

beach towel beach towel is different

from regular towel because usually beach

towels have like a bright color a bright

pattern or there are towels that you

don't mind or towels that are ok to get

sand or dirt in them usually in a towel

you use in your house you don't want to

get your towel really really dirty so a

beach towel is it's how you use only at

the beach in a sentence I bought a new

beach towel and it has a picture of a

hamburger on it in this sentence

oh no I got sand all over my beach towel

that's the point of beach tow' beach

chair the next expression is beach chair

as you can probably guess it is a chair

you use only at the beach so again this

is a chair you don't mind it's ok if it

gets dirty or sandy usually a beach

chair is easy to fold or easy to carry

too in a sentence I have a couple of

beach chair

that I'm going to bring to the barbecue

this weekend in this sentence can we use

these beach chairs sandcastle the next

word is sand castle sand castles are

usually kids make them they use like

buckets so kids will like put sand in a

bucket or like they move sand into piles

and design castles or these really

complicated mazes or something they make

things make buildings out of sand we

call those sand castles so in a sentence

my brother and I used to make sand

castles on the beach when we were kids

that's true in this sentence get the

buckets and we'll make a sand castle

cooler so cooler is a noun in this case

cooler is the place you keep your drinks

and your food it's a it looks like a

suitcase but it has a special lining

inside that keeps cold things cold so

you can put ice inside and it will keep

your food and drinks cold while you are

at the beach in the hot weather so in a

sentence

did you put a bunch of beers in the

cooler I forgot ice for the cooler tide

the next word is tide tide is the level

of the water the the level of the ocean

water at different times of day so if

you are interested in this sort of thing

you might know about high tide and low

tide high tide means the water level at

the beach is high low tide means the

water level at the beach is low so tide

is how high or low the water is in this

sentence the tide ebbed and revealed a

starfish abdomens it went away a little

bit so tide is the flow of water tan so

tan is we use it as a noun like to get a

tan in a sentence it means that your

skin turns a darker color so be careful

there are two words we use in English

tan means your skin gets a little bit

darker and we also use the word sunburn

or just burn burn means your skin gets

red it means like it's damaged it may be

your skin peels a bit so in America

anyway

the us anyway a tan is usually

considered a positive thing many people

want tan skin but sunburn where your

skin is red and damaged is bad so be

careful those are two different words we

use to talk about this the changing skin

color I got a tan last summer at the

beach in this sentence you got such a

nice tan in Florida

snorkeling the next word is snorkeling

snorkeling is really really fun

snorkeling is swimming but you have a

like a hose you have a pipe that you can

breathe through as you swim so you can

you usually put goggles you wear goggles

as you're swimming in the ocean you can

look down and see fish or you can see

things in the ocean but you can still

breathe so this is a really fun thing to

do to look at fish or just to just to

hang out and see a different point of

view I went snorkeling for the first

time maybe when I was 20 to 23 in this

sentence she bought goggles so that she

could go snorkeling in Hawaii flip flop

the next word is flip flop flip flop is

a very common beach sandal many people

like to wear flip flops in everyday life

too some people prefer not to it's up to

you like in California I know especially

in beach towns everybody just wears

flip-flops it's very comfortable so flip

flops kind of have an image of being a

little bit cheaper just very very simple

it's it's the most basic possible sandal

why are they called flip flops because I

always thought it was because of the

sound that they make sound I guess maybe

it sounds like flip flop in a sentence I

usually don't wear flip flops in the

sentence these flip flops keep breaking

sunscreen next word is sunscreen

sunscreen or you might also hear

sunblock these are products you can put

on your skin to prevent a tan or to

prevent a sunburn Sun screen so it's a

protection it's a protection against the

sunlight I just hit this screen so

sunscreen is quite important like it is

said that you should use sunscreen to

prevent to help

and skin cancer in a sentence I'm out of

sunscreen I need to buy more in this

sentence mom I don't need sunscreen

bikini the next word is bikini bikini we

talked about swimsuit a little bit

earlier but bikini is usually a swimsuit

for women and it's two pieces there's a

bottom half and an upper half and

oftentimes the the top half of the

bikini or sometimes the bottom half you

have to tie a knot or you have to latch

something I suppose if you don't tie it

carefully it can create a problem like

you could fall off so bikini it's a

popular style of something for women are

you going to wear your bikini to the

beach tomorrow

in this sentence my bikini came undone

in front of everyone it was so

embarrassing

five sentence patterns that you can use

as a beginner of English let's go the

first expression that you can use as a

beginner is personally I think that or I

would just use I think that personally

makes it sound a little bit more polite

I think you can use this to introduce an

opinion for example personally I think

that pizza is amazing personally I think

that dinosaurs would have been delicious

personally

I think that cars should be made to

enjoy with friends personally I think

that you shouldn't worry about it yes

that's probably a much more useful

sentence than dinosaurs would be the

next expression is what does blah blah

blah mean so we're here is the word you

don't know so for example what does

pasta mean what does Stegosaurus mean so

a word like Stegosaurus is a really

strange word that you probably don't

know Stegosaurus is a type of dinosaur

we're gonna marry dinosaurs I don't know

Jurassic we're at a Jurassic Adventure

at the moment so this is a pattern you

use when you don't know when you don't

know the meaning of the word and you

would like someone to explain it to you

so if you say what does

Saurus mean then someone can say oh it's

a dinosaur it's kind of like it's a sort

of short guy and it has a bunch of

spikes on its back and it has a long

tail and it gets into a fight with a

Tyrannosaurus Rex if you saw the movie

Fantasia by Disney okay

in this sentence what does complication

mean means problem okay

the next pattern you can use is can you

tell me more about bla bla bla so on a

topic that you would like more

information about you can say can you

tell me more about the soccer game last

week can you tell me more about the plan

for the party next week so something you

would like more information about you

can say can you tell me more about this

thing okay

so in a sentence can you tell me more

about your sandwich options that is a

useful sentence that is a useful

sentence okay in this sentence here we

don't have that back home can you tell

me more about it

mmm this is used to the reverse pattern

okay the next expression is if it were

up to me if it were up to me I had to

teach this in a class couple weeks ago

actually if it were up to me means if I

could make the decision if this was my

if this were my decision bla bla bla so

meaning if I could make the choice this

is what I would do but one point here is

the nuance is it is not my decision this

is not my decision

but if it were my decision I would do

bla bla bla

so for example if it were up to me every

day would be Saturday whoo but it's not

right so that's that's always the

underlying that's always the kind of

basic nuance of this phrase some this

decision is not mine okay here the

example is if it were up to me I would

take my boss to dinner

oh my things just got scandalous the

next

is I feel like blah blah blah you can

use I feel like when you introduce a

suggestion or something that you would

like to do especially for food drinks or

activities so for example I feel like

coffee

I feel like Italian food I feel like an

action movie there's some activity or

something you would like to do at the

end of this pattern

I feel like bowling this afternoon

something needs to go here some sort of

activity of course you can use this

expression to talk about your feelings I

feel like something but this something

must be a noun it must be a noun like if

you feel really great I feel like a

million bucks

for example if you feel really bad I

feel like garbage that's a nice

expression that somehow it just came out

of my head anyway you can use this in

two ways but this must be completed with

a noun phrase at the end of the sentence

and things to do in the summer in the

United States so let's go to travel

abroad to travel abroad to travel abroad

abroad means outside of your country so

meaning to travel to a place not the

United States in my case please don't

forget to in this expression so many of

my students will say this summer I'm

going Europe you need to use two before

the place you do not however need to use

two before they're so like students

sometimes will say I want to go to there

you can't do that you have to use two

before the specific name of a place

there is not a specific place so you

don't need to use to keep that one in

mind to relax at the beach to relax at

the beach ah that sounds fantastic right

now to relax at the beach you go to the

beach and you just relax there you lay

in the Sun you go swimming maybe you

drink a beer you get a tan if you would

like to do that of course some people

don't you put on sunscreen whatever it

is that you like to do at the beach you

just do that and enjoy in a sentence I

would rather read

at the beach then have a really active

vacation to learn English with English

class 101.com

to learn English with English class

101.com Thanks so I guess if you are

very ambitious this summer good for you

you can learn English by doing what

you're doing now or I think you can

visit I presume you can visit the

website for more content there too I'm

going to put my time to good use and

learn English at English class 101

dot-com to have a barbecue oh yeah the

next one is one of my favorite things

ever to do in summer wherever I am it's

to have a barbecue or to have a BB q is

also okay but barbecue usually BB q is

in like writing I love having barbecues

with my friends in the summer every 4th

of July my family has a big barbecue to

party all night the next expression is

to party all night to party all night

you don't it doesn't have to be summer

or in the United States to party all

night just say anyway it's a party all

night means to do something you enjoy

presumably with your friends or not I

guess I partied like all night at home I

tweeted pajamas are the best and then I

tweeted a picture of myself really

excited about a cookie and was very

embarrassed about that the next day so I

deleted it and why since I won't have

school in the morning I'm going to party

all night in a different sentence I

don't like partying all night I get

tired I always hit a wall like r.e.m

like I'm like yeah and then 3 a.m. and

I'm ready to sleep to get a tan to get a

tan to get a tan in some cultures this

is a good thing in some cultures it's

not a good thing it means to sit in the

Sun or lay in the Sun and let the Sun

change the color of your skin be careful

there's there are two expressions in

English there is one to get a tan and

another is to get a Sun burn so in u.s.

culture anyway getting a tan means like

your skin turns like a darker brown

color but when it turns red it's bad

that means you've burned your skin so

tan good burn bad so we'd have 2

separate words to

describe them in a sentence you'll find

me poolside getting a tan to go hiking

the next expression is to go hiking

so hiking means walking or trekking

usually in a mountain or in a nature

setting so in a sentence I used to go

hiking with my family every summer

that's roughly true in this sentence I'm

going to hike the Pacific Crest Trail to

work a part-time job the next expression

is to work a part-time job to work a

part-time job is very common if you're a

student especially so when you have your

summer vacation it's a chance for you to

earn a little bit of money by working at

a part-time job

in a sentence unfortunately she can't go

because she has to work at her part-time

job ah when I was a teenager I had a

part-time job at a golf course yeah

because I was on the golf team at school

very convenient

lovely experiences a plus everybody to

have fun with friends to have fun with

friends also something that you do not

need to only do in summer but which you

can do anytime we're having fun now

aren't we so to have fun with friends

it's just to enjoy time with your

friends it's great in a sentence I love

having fun with my friends whenever I

can he has fun with friends but he

doesn't do much else

to attend summer school the next one is

to attend summer school to attend summer

school usually has kind of a bad image

and I feel in you in the u.s. anyway

because it sounds like maybe you missed

something in regular school but for some

people maybe there's a special course

they want to attend or like a special

internship program or it's just

something special extra that they would

like to study in a sentence I hated

going to summer school when I was a kid

since I failed the class I'll have to

attend summer school twenty 'must no

family word so let's go mother mother is

the person who gave birth to you mother

you can say mom mother mom mama

mummy my mother has amazing cooking it's

true

father father or father is the

and who did not give birth to you but

who helped make you happen so we say

father dad daddy pop-pop my father is a

very level-headed person that's also

true sister sister is a female sibling

so my brother might say I have an older

sister anyone who is yeah

a female sibling or someone you can use

this for friends that you feel very very

close to like she's like my sister

that's fine as well

brother brother we sometimes use bro for

this I would say I have a younger

brother like sister you can use brother

for any male that you feel is similar to

a brother someone you feel very close to

so he's like a brother to me or you're

like my brother grandmother grandmother

when you put grande plus something else

it means the next generation or the the

previous generation so you have your

mother and father in this case grand

mother means your mother or your

father's mother it can be either of them

so grandmother my grandmother was born a

long time ago grandfather grandfathers

are just like grandmother your mother or

your father's father is your grandfather

my grandfather liked to play tennis

that's true uncle uncle your uncle is

either your mother or your father's

brother someone directly related to one

of your parents who is a man is your

uncle my uncle is very good with

woodworking also true aunt aunt you

might also hear aunt both of them are

correct you can say aunt or aunt an aunt

or an aunt is your mother or your

father's female sibling one of my aunts

gave me a stamp collection when I was a

little kid that's also true cousin

cousin cousin is your aunt or uncle's

children it can be on any side so

typically these people are of the same

generation as you not always but cousins

are generally about the same age at

least in my family they are it's really

fun to see all my cousins at family

barbecues nephew nephew and nephew is a

siblings male child so if you have a

brother or a sister and they have

children any male children are your

nephews nephews I don't have any nephews

nice nice nice so your brother or your

sisters female children any female

children they have you can say she's my

niece or I have two nieces

how many nieces do you have or I have a

lot of nieces wife wife so this is a

female partner that you are married to

she is my wife or how is your wife wife

is only used when you are married to

that person husband husband is a male

that someone is married to so how is

your husband this is my husband again

husband is only used when you are

married to that person parent parent

parent it's typically used generally for

a mother or a father like I'm a parent

he is my parent she is my parent it's

often used in the plural they are my

parents these are my parents my parents

are home my parents are not at home but

you can also use parent to describe

someone who raised you so maybe your

biological mother or father did not

raise you but someone else like an aunt

or an uncle or perhaps a different

figure in your community did raise you

you can say she's like a parent to me or

she had a parenting role in my life

child child child is a a small human a

small human as a child it doesn't

necessarily have to be of your family

like if you're just at the park and you

see kids running around you can say ah

look at that child you can use a child

in the singular but be careful child

changes in the plural form to children

so not child's but children one child

two children please be careful this has

an irregular plural form maybe I'll have

a child someday

son son is a male child

aim

offspring my uncle has a lot of sons

that's not true daughter daughter a

daughter is a female child I wonder if I

will ever have a daughter brother-in-law

brother-in-law so we use in law to mean

our married partners family members not

my brother but my partner's

brother-in-law is used after any family

members position or family members title

to show they belong to my partner's

family originally but now they're part

of my extended family as well I'm going

out for drinks with my brother-in-law

tomorrow night father-in-law

father-in-law so we have in-law here

meaning my partner's father

so my father-in-law is very kind

mother-in-law mother-in-law meaning my

partner's mother in a sentence my

mother-in-law and I get along really

well hi everybody my name is Alisha

today I'm going to be talking about the

simple future tense today I'm going to

talk about will and won't and going to

and not going to so these are a few

grammar points that learners make

mistakes with when should you use will

or won't when should you use going to or

not going to so I'm going to talk about

a few of these points a few basic points

that I hope can help you decide when to

use will and when to use going to so

let's begin okay the first point I want

to talk about is going to or not going

to the positive form and the negative

form going to not going to for today I

want to talk about two times when we'll

use these grammar points so the first

time the first situation where you use

going to or not going to is for plans

decided before the conversation so if

you make a decision about your future

plans or someone else makes the decision

before the conversation about their

plans for the future

you should use going to

not going to it's something that is

probably going to happen a high

certainty so this is a plan that has a

high level of certainty meaning there's

a good chance this plan is going to

happen you decided it before the

conversation meaning you've probably had

some time to plan your future to plan

your schedule a little bit so please use

going to for something you decide before

the conversation so on a timeline it

might look like this

we have past now and future here so your

plan is for the future yes but you

decided on the plan sometime before the

conversation so if this point this is

now this is your conversation you made

the plan you made the decision before

the conversation in this case use going

to I'm going to at the beginning of this

video I said I'm going to talk about

simple future tense will and going to I

decided before this video started about

my plans I decided what I was going to

talk to you about before the video

started so I used going to to introduce

that plan so please keep this in mind

okay but let's talk about will now so we

use will and won't for decisions that

are made at the moment of speaking so

keep in mind will is the positive form

won't is the negative form here so a

decision made at the moment of speaking

this is one way to use will or won't you

can use this for example at restaurants

you can use this to talk about plans you

make quickly after learning information

from a friend

keep in mind will and won't tends to

have a lower certainty there's a lower

chance the plan is going to happen

because you made the plan at the moment

of speaking going to is used for plans

made before

the conversation but will is used for a

plan made a spur-of-the-moment or a very

quick plan you've just made so that's

kind of the image is the decision you

just made use will or use won't in those

cases if you made the decision before

the conversation there's a good chance

you should use going to so to go back to

our timeline here if going to is used

for a decision you made in the past

about your future plans will is used for

a decision you make in the conversation

during the conversation the plan can be

anytime in the future but the decision

the point at which you make the decision

is the difference here one point about

this two points about this actually

first will if you've made a decision at

the moment of speaking and you therefore

should use will to communicate that

decision you can improve or you can

communicate that there's a high chance

it's going to happen with the word

probably mmm so here I'll show you this

in an example sentence in a moment but

you can use probably with will and won't

I'll probably I probably won't remember

that order though I'll probably or I

probably will or probably won't

point number two I want to mention about

both of these grammar points is to make

your pronunciation a little more natural

try shortening both of these expressions

going to shortens to gonna gon a gonna

I'm gonna I'm not gonna this sounds much

more natural at least in American

English for will and for won't when you

use will use the contracted form with

your subject for example I will becomes

aisle you will becomes you'll they will

becomes Vail using the contracted form

sounds a lot more natural and everyday

conversation

it's correct to say you will they will

but it sounds really stiff and unnatural

so please use the contracted form to

sound a bit more natural you can use the

contracted form with probably four will

I'll probably they'll probably will

probably these are all pretty good okay

so let's practice using them alright

first example sentence maybe something

something go hiking tomorrow so how do

we know is this a will sentence or a

going to sentence we have a hint here

maybe maybe so meaning there's a low

level of certainty

perhaps a low chance that this is going

to happen so let's say maybe I'll go

hiking tomorrow this is probably the

best answer maybe I'm going to while you

can communicate the idea yes it sounds

like you decided your plan before the

conversation but you're using maybe so

it doesn't quite match instead use aisle

maybe I'll go hiking tomorrow okay let's

look at the next sentence I'm mmm

there's a big hint here a grammar hint

I'm something something go to France

next year so next year this go to France

next year this is a pretty big decision

most people probably would not make this

decision at the moment of speaking so we

should use going to I'm going to go to

France next year this is the correct use

of going to in this case a decision made

before the moment of speaking and

there's a high level of certainty here

okay

let's look at the next one I decided

here's a hint

past tense decided if you watched a

different video oops I decided that I am

something something go out for dinner

I'm too tired okay so past tense this

shows us a big hint past tense decided

this implies the decision was made

before the conversation hmm so I'm

something something go out for dinner

I'm too tired here's another hint

so go out for dinner and too tired mmm

this should probably be I'm not going to

go out for dinner I'm too tired so this

person has decided hmm I'm not going to

go out for dinner we should use going to

the-

not going to because the speaker made

the decision before the conversation

happened and there's a highest level of

certainty there's a high chance that

this is going to happen so we should use

going to in this sentence okay okay so

the next sentence I included because I

think it's a really good one to remember

any time you visit a bar a restaurant

some kind of service situation you can

use this pattern specifically to make a

request for something so let's take a

look here my example sentence is I

something something have a glass of wine

please in this case maybe it's at a

restaurant or at a bar but in this case

you've just made the decision looking at

the menu looking at a catalogue looking

at something you made a decision

just then at that moment and you're

asking for that item you're asking for

that service so we'll use will I'll have

a glass of wine please

so in this example sentence I used glass

of wine to show my request to ask for a

glass of wine but if you want to use

this pattern to make a request in a

service situation just replace glass of

wine with the item or service that you

would like so for example I'll have a

beer I'll have a steak I'll have a

hamburger these are all things you can

order at a restaurant or at a bar if

you're shopping you can say I'll have

the blue one please for example so just

make your request using the same pattern

but replacing that glass of wine section

that I used in my example sentence okay

next one this one is maybe a little bit

challenging it's you're running late so

you something something have to take a

taxi to your next meeting so maybe this

is an assistant or someone supporting

another person with their schedule okay

so in the next sentence we're looking at

a situation where there's been a sudden

or quick change to a schedule someone is

running late and there's a new decision

that's made at the moment of speaking or

a new decision is made to reflect the

new situation so let's take a look

you're running late

so you'll or you will have to take a

taxi yeah you could say you're running

late so you have to take a taxi but

maybe this is a future plan something

that's going to happen in an hour from

now maybe this is something the speaker

is planning for later in the day so you

will is a nice way to use that you're

running late so you'll have to take a

taxi to the next meeting okay the last

one I want to talk about this uses

probably which I mentioned over here so

probably remember we can use probably to

sort of improve or we can use probably

to communicate a higher level of

certainty with the decision we made at

the moment of speaking so here you are

not going to the party then I probably

something something go either okay so

either is a big hint here remember we

use either to show agreement but

negative okay so in the last example

sentence for today we're going to look

at a situation where the listener has

heard some new information they use the

expression you're not going to go to the

party so they're confirming new

information they have just heard after

that they're going to make a decision

about what their plans are for the party

so let's take a look

we know that probably can be used with

will and won't and we know from then the

speaker just made this decision and we

know it's a negative with either so we

should use won't you're not going to go

to the party and I probably won't go

either

so the speaker uses won't here to show a

decision made at the moment of speaking

but the speaker also uses probably won't

to show there's a high chance that this

is going to happen there's a high chance

that this is the future plan probably

won't okay so there's a lot of

information communicated there with

small words like then and either and

probably as well so please keep this in

mind when you're trying to decide when

to use will won't going to and not going

to okay so so that's my recap of a few

useful grammar points how to talk about

your future tense plans so I'm going to

finish the lesson now I hope that you

enjoyed this lesson if you have any

questions please feel free to leave it

in a comment or if you want to try out a

few practice sentences please feel free

to leave those in the comment section

too if you haven't already please be

sure to like this video and subscribe to

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information like this you can check out

English class 101.com thanks very much

for watching this episode and I will see

you again soon bye bye hi everybody my

name is Alisha today we're going to be

talking about simple past tense we're

going to talk about how to make simple

past tense statements in English so

let's get started okay so first let's

talk about when we should use the simple

past tense simple past tense statements

for today are for actions that started

and end

in the past so these are things that

both started or began and ended in the

past both of those must be true to use

simple past tense

the second point for today is these are

actions which happened at a specific

point in time so a specific point in

time can be yesterday it can be an hour

ago it can be last year it can be when

you were a kid all of these are a

specific point in time but the key is

that we know when the action happened so

specific point in time is point two for

this grammar point third we can use

simple past tense for repeated actions

in the past so things you did every week

or every month or every year every

summer every hour if you like but one

point about this make sure to include a

frequency indicator if you want to talk

about an action that repeated in the

past frequency indicator for example I

just mentioned a few every week every

month every year so frequency meaning

how often an indicator shows how often

you did that

so you can use repeated actions with

past tense to show let's see something

you did a lot in the past for example so

to give you a visual the past is down

here now is this point here and future

is up here when we use the simple past

tense it's an action that started and

ended in the past somewhere before

now that's one it's at a specific point

in time so this action and this action

we know when they happened it could be

this morning it could be yesterday for

example but we know when these actions

happened third we can use for a repeated

action so maybe these actions repeat but

we know when the repetition happened we

know when we repeated these actions so

it's okay to use simple past tense

to describe those okay so now we know

when we should use simple past tense we

know why we should use simple past tense

but how do we make simple past tense

statements so when you want to use the

simple past tense to explain an action

that happened in the past you need to

conjugate your verb you need to change

your verb so that means when you're

using a regular verb you do verb plus e

d so verb plus e d is the basic form for

simple past tense verbs but keep in mind

this is only for regular verbs not all

verbs are regular verbs so for example

some common ones are talk which becomes

talked start which become started and

enjoy which becomes enjoyed please be

careful however you'll notice that the

past tense form of verbs has a few

different pronunciations so for example

start becomes started it has an ID sound

it's not an e D sound but an ID sound

you might hear a word like walked also

which has a sort of T sound about it

walk becomes walked started becomes

started and ID sound and then there's

also a sound like in breathed a very

soft D sound so there are three past

tense verb sounds to listen for an e D

sound started a soft D sound like

breathed and then a more hard T sound

like walked so pay attention to that

when you're trying to make these past

tense verb conjugations okay but some

verbs are irregular verbs irregular

verbs do not have a simple rule for

understanding past tense conjugation how

to change them in past tense there's no

rule for these you simply have to

practice you have to remember them read

them listen to them until you can

remember the correct conjugation the

correct way to change these verbs into

the past tense so for example some

common ones are eat which becomes ate

speak becomes spoke

and make becomes made if you see a verb

somewhere that that seems a little odd

or you're not sure what the present

tense form would be you can check a

dictionary and try to remember it from

there so now we've talked about simple

past tense irregular and regular verbs

let's try to use them to make some

sentences I prepared a few example

sentences so let's take a look okay

first sentence he something something a

towel and sunglasses to the beach so the

verb here is bring I want to use the

verb bring bring however is an irregular

verb so I can't use the Eadie rule for

regular verbs the correct conjugation is

brought the are oh you ght he brought a

towel and sunglasses to the beach this

is the correct conjugation here so bring

is an irregular verb okay let's go to

the next sentence say something

something to the gym every day last week

so here I'm showing you a repeated

action here I'm using everyday this is a

frequency indicator how often did I do

that action and last week shows the

specific point in time so I'm using both

of these two points in addition to a

simple past the basic simple past

structure here so the verb that we want

to use here is go but go is an irregular

verb so we can't use goed for example

though changes to went in the past tense

so went is the correct answer for this

sentence here okay let's try the next

one I something something to tell my

boss about my schedule so the verb I

want to use here is forget forget is a

very useful word I think to remember but

again forget is not a regular verb

forget is an irregular verb so we cannot

use the IDI form forget in the past

tense becomes a forgot okay

so I forgot to tell my boss about my

schedule is the correct sentence here

all right let's go to something a little

bit different here's a negative sentence

I don't think they something-something a

reservation at the restaurant okay so

here I'm using a phrase I want to use

the phrase make a reservation to make a

reservation so the verb here is make

this was one of my example verbs for the

irregular form so make becomes made I

don't think they made a reservation at

the restaurant is the correct verb form

to use here all right the next sentence

we something-something junk food almost

every day last month so here again I

have everyday but I have almost here so

almost every day not every day but close

to every day and then last month last

month is my specific point in time in

this case so here we have junk food that

means that the verb we want to use is

probably eat and we learned that eat is

an irregular verb there's no rule for

conjugating this we just know that eat

becomes eight we ate junk food almost

every day last month great okay so next

sentence has two spaces for verbs

actually okay so the next sentence that

I've prepared I included because a lot

of my students asked about how to report

information when you want to report

information share something that you

heard from a friend a past tense action

you need to conjugate the reporting verb

for example say becomes said or here

becomes heard you need to conjugate this

verb and you need to conjugate the

information that you heard so there are

two past tense conjugations that should

happen when you report information let's

take a look so here we have she

something something she something

something a great time at the party

so here she blah blah blah a great time

at the party

so we use the expression to have a great

time to have a great time again have is

an irregular verb so we conjugate it to

had she had a great time at the party

okay but then to report your speech so

someone gave you information

past tense give becomes gave you

information so the verb for giving

information a neutral way to pass

information is say so to conjugate say

into the past tense it's an irregular

verb so we use said say becomes said so

she said she had a great time at the

party okay please be careful of your

pronunciation with the word said a lot

of people I've heard use Sade Sade is

not correct so please use said it sounds

like sed the pronunciation but it's said

si ID is the spelling se becomes said

she said she had a great time at the

party okay

so last one okay so the last example

sentence for today includes spaces for a

few different verbs I included this

because I wanted to show you that you

can use a lot of different information

in one sentence just by connecting your

past tense verbs together so let's take

a look okay yesterday I

something-something late

something-something shopping and

something something to my mother okay so

the verbs I want to use for this

sentence are sleep go and speak sleep go

and speak these are all irregular verbs

there are no regular verbs in this

sentence so sleep in past tense becomes

slept go in past tense becomes went and

speak in past tense becomes spoke so

here in one sentence I have I have

explained three things about my day

yesterday yesterday I slept late I went

shopping and

I spoke to my mother so you can explain

a lot of things with past tense and a

few connecting words in this case I've

just used and to connect the last two

things in this sentence so please keep

this in mind when you're sharing

information about your past events so

today we talked about the simple past

tense and we talked about how to

conjugate both regular and irregular

verbs it might seem a little bit

difficult to understand which verbs are

regular and which verbs are irregular

but with some practice it will become

easier so I hope that you enjoyed this

video if you have any questions