Realnoe Vremya online newspaper presents a new project called Escape from the City!
We created our own tourist route to travel around Tatarstan.
We invited a journalist from Ufa Oksana Mamontova and a historian of engineering Airat Bagautdinov to cover this route.
Oksana is looking for emotions and impressions, while Airat is in search of a historical value!
They travelled during a week and summed up what they saw every day
in order to share their impressions with the readers of Realnoe Vremya.
— Look, I liked the house where we stayed overnight.
Conditions were good, meals were yummy.
Now we can explore Sviyazhsk with renewed vigour.
It was a good idea to visit it on a working day. There will be fewer people.
— Moreover, Sviyazhsk has so many different things so that we will have to separate.
We will share our impressions in the evening.
— Evgenia told many stories about her personal findings that became a part of the museum collection later.
Can you remember any remarkable story?
— There have been found many very interesting things during my work here.
I can tell about one of them in detail.
They are the artefacts found during the restoration of the Child Museum Centre,
which is situated in a one-storey wooden house on Uspenskaya Street.
By the way, I think we need to restore these papers and issue a book.
There are unique documents of the 1920s.
So, a telegrapher of the Russian Telegraphic Agency, which just appeared in the USSR,
wrote the Sviyazhsk cooperative society and asked to give him a bottle of kerosene.
Because he had to stay late at work, had a kerosene lamp.
So, he was divested of a chance to stay late at work without kerosene.
Another remarkable document is an address from the neighbouring village called Yelizavetino (today’s Innopolis).
— Yes, we were there yesterday.
— They addressed the administration of the Red Island farm.
— It is here.
— It seems to be. It is the only mention of this farm.
Nothing has been found in archives yet.
They asked to help with food for their livestock, to give just branches because cows were dying from hunger.
It was in the 20s.
When your read such papers, you feel what happened and the uneasy life here.
— So, how did you decide to remain here to live?
Because I know that every citizen here has a peculiar story and people don't appear here by chance.
— It was a very interesting place for me.
Living conditions on the island were very tough.
All people experienced severe conditions, you know.
Firstly, I mean firewood.
An urban citizen did not know how to light the fire.
There was not banya. My neighbour had it, but she lived far from me.
It all needed to be developed.
The shop did not work at that time. It was in 1986.
— So, there were so many difficulties. Why?
— But we were so happy to be in such a blessed place that we did not want to leave it,
though sometimes it was sad when you saw lights on the other side.
But my house is near the Schuka River - no neighbours, only sunsets - luxury!
Sunsets never repeat.
I think why do I need to escape?
Probably because of my character.
If you came here in the 80s, do you know what Sciyazhsk you would see?
As if it fell asleep. It was unspoilt.
And, of course, it attracted creative people. I mean artists
who just fell in love with Sviyazhsk, bought small houses as workshops and have been living with us until now.
— And what about the story about Akunin and Fandorin of the 17th century that you mentioned? Is it also connected with Sviyazhsk or its suburbs?
— It is connected with both Sviyazhsk and its suburbs.
There is unique manuscript about a detective from Sviyazhsk who was sent to a neighbouring Chuvashian village to investigate a murder case at the end of the 17th century.
The village is near Cheboksary, 40 km from here. There are several settlements that have still been bearing their names since the end of the 17th century.
Everything was described there in detail. It's necessary to imagine all these events on the spot.
And now we started to draw comics dedicated to this document.
We plan to organise special on-site tours in the future.
— Airat, today this place seems to be empty because it is a working day, right?
— Is it empty? I was here about 5 years ago and it was.
But now it is just a sheer paradise for tourists.
For example, there is a pub to eat tasty food for a reasonable price, a souvenir shop, a potter, a smithy,
one can ride a horse. It is just a stable yard.
The other part of the island offers many entertainments too.
So, everything is to your taste, Oksana.
There is a tourist infrastructure, the number of historical buildings doubled.
— That is to say, there is a pile of people on a weekend?
— Yes, especially when they organise festivals like Ukha Day - splendid!
— How are you?
— Look, I just don't want to leave this place.
Indeed, it is a wonderful place.
Pushkin told this place was similar to the Buyan Island for a reason.
— I know! Neither do I.
Don't worry, many beautiful places are waiting for us.
Let's go and start new adventures!
- Airat, I've really enjoyed Sviyazhsk. Where are we going now?
- The next point is the village with a strange name - Pechishchi.
- A village!? Why on earth would you want to go there?
- Well, in Pechishchi we are going to met with an extraordinary man.
He knows Tatarstan more than anyone else.
The man, without whom our expedition may would not have taken place.
I think he will make us fall in love even with such places as Pechishchi, Tenki and Verkhny Uslon.
- It is the sea bottom that existed more than two hundred million years ago.
This scree has been forming during fifty years. It is called Pechishchi geological section.
This place is known for the geologists around the world.
The come here to the congresses.
It is quite a rare and amazing thing.
After this Pechishchi sector could be called one of the geologic periods - Permian period.
The name was introduced by the English scientist Sir R. I. Murchison
He came here in the middle of the nineteenth century, visited Pechishchi.
It was Murchison who gave names to almost all geological periods,
including the famous Jurassic, thanks to Spielberg.
- Could you tell us, on what level of the sector is our humanity?
- Can you see the layer, there are birds there? This is it, it is very small.
- One of the last ones?
- Actually, in Bolgar, the archeological layer reaches 3 meters.
It depends on how intense the life was.
- Can it be said that we are now at the bottom of the creation of the world?
- Maybe, yes. The second day, out of seven...
- So, is it truly a monument of the world importance?
- These furnaces, you said they were for limestone processing...
- Yes. Actually, it is the main construction base of Kazan since the ancient times.
Kazan of the period of Khans was built with this Pechishchi stone.
And then it was used for the construction... Kremlin was built with Pechishchi stone.
Before the invention of cement, the lime mixture was the main building material.
From the mines, they lifted to the top chamber. From below they set fire. Stone crumbled. Then they poured solution in.
So that is how was slaked lime made.
This lime was used not only in Kazan but also in many cities.
There were many of such plants. They were semi-artisan.
In all villages - Shelanga, Tenki, etc - there were construction bases of Kazan since eighteenth, even seventeenth century.
Pechishchi, Verkhny Uslon, Nizhny Uslon - they referred to the Sviyazhsk monasteries until the eighteenth century,
then they bacame economical.
Here, the Volga River set the pace of development
because the life revolved around the Volga.
There is a great amount of vessels - Tikhonki, Kolomenki, Barki, etc.
So the villages were rich.
2000-3000 people - it was a common practice.
That times, tuberculosis was a big problem.
The construction of dachas started everywhere.
Kazan is located in a hollow, there were many miasmas.
It was considered that malnutrition, miasmas caused tuberculosis.
And dachas started to be constructed both on the right side, in pinery - it is Krasna Gorka, Vasilyevka, Observatory,
as well as from the valley, and it was windswept, what contributed.
In front of Uslon, there was famous Markiz Island, with a huge area.
In this place the Volga makes turn, and this part referred to Markiz Island mostly, it is the main swimming place of Kazan
Since olden days, there was held the Kazan fair during times of khans.
There came merchants from Bukhara, Persia - all the East.
The Markiz Island got its name due to the markiz Paulucci.
Near it was the estate of the markiz Paulucci, in Klyuchishchi, it was demolished about five years ago.
But the second estate has been preserved in italian style in Nariman.
It is a masterpiece.
We are going to see it, it is hiding behind the poplars...
- Is someone living there?
- Yes, there even the ancient safe has been preserved. They even have the remnants of furniture, what is surprising.
Look, there it is...
Knyaz Gagarin set up the first garden on the Volga
It happened in the 1820s.
Before, there were cherry orchards.
Also, there were apple ones a little.
But this was a big orchard.
And the men from Tenki saw it
because it was a good crop
and the barin used to sell it quite successfully.
And they also started to set up the gardens.
By the end of the nineteenth centure, Tenki accounted for more than a million of apples,
every fourth apple tree in the Kazan Governorate.
The entire bank bloomed.
It was the apple Klondike, because here is a special climate,
a combination of factors - lime,
and subsoil waters, despite the high bank.
- Mom, I'm ok, I'm not in Kazan, I'm in the Imperial nursery.
Don't worry, I have a good tariff from MTS - Smarts non-stop
It is free to communicate on the social networks now, and the speed is high.
Let I show you where the small trees grow.
Look! These trees are still 'teeneagers', and the nursery workers always care about them
And then these trees, maybe, get into the city streets
or someone will buy them to their private gardens...
It is like a school where they are growing up.
Airat, I liked that day very much, especially Sviyazhsk...
Every inhabitant has a mysterious story...
- And you know my attitude to this...
I do not believe it very much. For me, the greatest place was Pechishchi,
the estate of Paulucci - its condition, the fact that is ruined, abandoned...
It is very romantic,
but, at the same time, it has a tragic element.
So, I was very touched...
- I also was in the Imperial nursery.
It was very cool, it is like a maternity house for trees.
- Yeah, it sounds great - the place of birth of trees.
- So, historical and cultural value - I think, it is 9. Emotions?
- Emotions - 10.
- Great. I think we should also introduce 'Nature' column...
- Ok, let's nature will be also 20.