Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Raymond Murphy interview - How should grammar be taught?

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I like to be careful about giving any advice to teachers because it's a long time since

I've done any teaching. I would say that if you're teaching a language, teaching English,

you should inform yourself of how the language works. It's interesting anyway, and even if

you're not explicitly using that, you should be aware of it. Not just your language, but

the language of the people that you're teaching. Even if you don't speak the language, don't

get very far with learning it, you can still learn about it. But don't get obsessed about

it, and don't feel that your students have to learn grammar. Because they're not there

to learn grammar. Grammar's a part of the language; they're learning the language.

You don't learn grammar as a separate thing. So I think the focus in teaching and learning

should be, most of the time, somewhere else. Occasionally, you can focus on grammar, but

generally speaking you should be focusing on other things. I also think it's important

to realise how grammar - and language generally, really - is learned. You can't really talk

about grammar being learned: it's language. I mean, you can't have grammar without words,

or words without grammar. To be aware of the way in which it's learned, and the variety

of ways. Because you're dealing with people - if you're dealing with adults, particularly

- they're very, very different from each other, and people learn in different ways and at

different speeds. It's important to be aware that learning a language is a bit like learning

to drive, or learning to do anything like that. Learning to dance, learning to play a sport.

People learn at different speeds, and learning happens in different ways, and

the brain acquires things almost when you're not aware of it. You know, you suddenly find

you can drive one day, and the day before you couldn't. It's just when things come together.

And grammar comes together in the same way. So you might teach a lesson on using this

tense or something, and...don't expect it to work immediately, you know. It's going

to be a while. That's just one little bit of input, and hopefully there'd be lots of

other bits of input. And then things come together, quite sort of miraculously, really.

And differently for different people.

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