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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Hyperpigmentation Treatments for Dark Skin

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So hey, it's Christy here. We're going to be talking about today hyperpigmentation

treatments for darker skin types -- black skin, Asian skin, or even if you

have fair skin but you have a-, you are genetically or blood related to someone

who ha-, is a Fitzpatrick 4 - 6, so a darker skin type. So that's what

we're going to be talking about today and what you need to be careful of,

because that those type of skin types respond to hyperpigmentation treatments

differently. First, I would actually like to do give a SHOUT OUT to Natalya

Gordon*, Choua Vang, and Janice B. for giving us feedback that you love the

hydrating gel. So, we are actually going to be carrying it because the people in

our store, our customers really love it too. So we're going to be ordering that

soon. I also like to give a SHOUT OUT to Debbie Eckhart for supporting us,

watching our channel, our videos, and actually, and, you know, buy many of our

products and giving us feedback, so thank you SO much! Okay. So, if you are a

Fitzpatrick 4 - 6, like I said, or you are blood related to someone who

is a 4 - 6, and you have hyperpigmentation such as Melasma, or

Acne scars, age spots, this video is for YOU because, again, the way that you may

respond to the traditional hyperpigmentation treatments may

actually make your hyperpigmentation WORSE. So here are some tips. Let's

get started. So if you don't know what I'm talking about in regards to

Fitzpatrick Skin Type 4 - 6, then please click on the description

below and that explains all the different skin categories, and you need

to understand where you fall under because it is a very good indicator of

how you're going to respond to hyperpigmentation, and not only

hyperpigmentation, but hyperpigmentation treatments. So, due to actually an

overwhelming number of responses requesting for product reviews, please

foll-, we're going to be starting to do more in-depth product reviews,

some on YouTube and other one's going to be on Instagram, so if you're

not following us on Instagram, please go find us on Instagram, and we are at

@GoSeeChristy, C-H-R-I-S-T-Y, all one word. And we'll be putting more of those on there.

So, the reason why you have to be careful is because darker skin types or -- and I'm

gonna say the word -- ethnic skin -- I was told that that was kind of offensive, but

you, you know what I'm saying -- that this type of skin type is actually it responds

very differently. So, they typically -- and I'm not saying everyone -- but typically,

generally speaking, most of those Fitzpatrick 4 - 6 have oilier

skin, they have thicker skin, they have more hyperpigmentation problems, such as

Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation and Melasma as well as HYPOpigmentation,

such as a Tinea Versicolor, Vitiligo, as well as Pityriasis

Alba, Acne, and Keloids, because our skin is thicker, we tend to create more scar

tissue. So the good news is because we have thicker skin,

the downside is, you know, making more scar tissue, the good news is, is that we

tend to show signs of age or aging LATER in life where typically Fitzpatricks 1 -

1 and 2, shows more signs of aging, fine lines and wrinkles,

SOONER and have less issues with hyperpigmentation. So for those of you

who have fair skin -- so a Fitzpatrick 1 or 2 -- but you are related genetically

to someone who is a Fitzpatrick 4 - 6, you're gonna, you're gonna

have some more challenges as well, because typically those skin types have

more sensitivities, but then when they have hyperpigmentation that comes out,

they may not respond that well to hyperpigmentation treatments. So if you

tend to have red hair and fair skin, you have more PHEOMELANIN, which is a lighter

pigmen-, pigment, reddish-yellow, usually found in red hair and

areas of redness on the body, especially like the lips. For those of you who have

darker skin or darker hair, you have more EUMELANIN, and Eumelanin -- there's two

types -- brown pigments and black pigments. So that's typically found in your hair

and in your eyes, so you have two categories of Melanin. So with hormonal

fluctuations and / or inflammation, Melanogenesis can happen, and so I'm going to

give a very SIMPLIFIED explanation of Melanogenesis to help you understand

why using Tyrosinane inhibitors for darker skin may be a better option.

So the MSH -- which is the Melanin Stimulating Hormone -- is triggered and

released inside the Melanocyte -- that is the cell that creates Melanin. So inside

the Melanocyte, a process begins where an enzyme is processed an released, and

that enzyme is Tyrosinase, and that is released from the RER -- the Rough

Endoplasmic Reticulum -- and converting the amino acid Tyrosine to L-Dopa.

So the Tyrosinase binds with Copper and responds on the L-Dopa changing it

to Melanosomes. These are basically where the pigment is produced, stored, and

then transported along the Dendrites -- and remember, Dendrites are the arms of the

Melanocytes -- and then transferred to the Keratinocytes, and Keratinocytes are

basically cells that create Keratin. So the Keratinocytes in the skin of color

have more PAR - 2 receptors -- and they, it stands for Protease-Activated Receptor -

- 2. So this is actually, this increase is when exposed to UV exposures, and this

could explain why darker skin actually is more responsive in creating more

Melanin. So there actually is a few more steps in this process but to avoid

losing you we're going to be moving on! So this is

the take-away that I want you to realize if you have darker skin or your skin

responds by creating a tan more easily is, as you can see, Melanoenesis is a

COMPLEX process, so, I wanted you to kind of understand the process to understand

that this is why hyperpigmentation, it's not developed overnight, it actually

starts in the lower part of the skin and works its way up through the skin 'til

it finally appears on the Stratum Corneum. So, it doesn't develop overnight,

which means you cannot be impatient and use treatments to expect it to fade

overnight. And if you hurry, people who tan easily, and hyperpigment

easily, and you use something for more drastic changes, you can actually

INCREASE the hyperpigmentation, making it worse because you create Melanin more

easily, or more pigments easier. You have to take a more GENTLE approach, yes, it

does take longer, but it works to avoid increasing more hyperpigmentation, or

even worse is HYPOpigmentation, which is the lack of pigments because the

Melanocytes have died and you can't create pigments anymore. So this is why

gentle treatments, although they take longer, may be better for dark skin. And so

we're going to be talking about these treatment options. And as always, this is

for those of you who are already existing with hyperpigmentation, but the

easiest thing, really, is PREVENTION. And prevention is, of course, wearing

sunscreen, and for those of you who tend to have sensitive skin, wearing a mineral-

based sunscreen -- and I understand, some of my clients tell me that when they wear

sunscreen, they tend to look ashy. So maybe a tinted,

sheer one with an SPF is better for you -- but you have to wear sunscreen. Just

because you don't burn, it doesn't mean you cannot develop hyperpigmentation. So

if you are finding this information helpful in understanding

hyperpigmentation a little bit better, then if you haven't subscribed to us,

please SUBSCRIBE to us and hit-, don't forget to hit that notification bell to

get notified when our new videos come up every week, and don't forget to hit

that "LIKE" button. And we go into depth, we do talk more about products, but once

again, we'll be doing a little bit more focused on that on our Instagram account.

We're just going to be starting that. So for those of you who are dead set on

using Hydroquinone -- which is a skin-bleaching agents -- studies have shown that

if you use this and you use a more gentle approach, it actually can be more

effective. So for example: If you use Hydroquinone over-the-counter formula,

which is 2%, and then you combine it with a Tyrosinase inhibitor -- such as

Azelaic Acid, Ascorbic Acid, Kojic Acid, and / or Lactic Acid -- then it is more

effective for darker skin types, or for me, I'm not necessarily dark, but I can

get very dark, so I have to actually approach hyperpigmentation treatments as

if my skin was dark because I am able to produce quite a bit of Melanin. So the

combined treatment of the 2% Hydroquinone with those Tyrosinase

inhibitors have shown to markedly be better for darker skin types than the 4%

prescribed and Hydroquinone, to cause less inflammation and less likely to

cause Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation. Another topical

treatment option that you can look into is one that is a combined cream, it's a

type of triple cream where it's a combination of Tretinoin -- which is a-, it's

an exfoliant, it speeds up the skin cell turnover rate so it sheds the skin very

quickly. It can make your skin photosensitive -- but when it's a

combination of the Tretinoin, the Hydroquinone -- which is the skin-bleaching

agent -- and a type of Corticosteroid -- which reduces inflammation

but it also reduces Melanocyte activity -- this also has been shown to work BETTER.

There was a clinical study done that was among 25 Indian women. So these 25 women

who had Melasma used this cream in combination with a series of Glycolic

Acid treatments once a month for three months, and the study showed that 91% of

those who participated in this study showed VAST improvements with their

Melasma. And links and sources of the studies will be in the description below.

And actually, I have to put the links of the sources on my blog, so the link will

be to the blog and these sources will be in my blog, because YouTube doesn't like

it when you put outside links on there, or something like that. So I will go

ahead and put that in there if you want to look more into this study. So in

response to our viewers' request, people wanted to know more about ingredients,

but also the some of the products that the ingredients are in. So I thought I

would share with you some of the things that are better for darker skin types or

people who have Melasma. So, more gentle ingredients besides Hydroquinone. So not

that I am against Hydroquinone necessarily, but these are things that

darker skin types tend to respond better to. Although it may take a little bit

more time than Hydroquinone, so just to give you an example, here comes the PRO

TIP. So the PRO TIP is that, when you're using lightening ingredients, it is

really not only for gentle ingredients but it's more effective if you use a

multi-pronged approach -- so using professional treatments along with home

care -- but also using skin-bleaching agents and / or skin-lightening products,

using ONE skin-lightening product. Because as the product absorbs into the

first layer, the second layer, third layer of the skin, it-, less-and-less of the

product can get to the source where the Melanocytes are. So because, remember

hyperpigmentation starts from the BOTTOM, not up, not from the top down. So, to give

you an example, here are some things. So for example,

this is the sunscreen. So I talk about the sunscreen a lot because this has

Arbutin, which is a plant-based lightener. It comes from bearberry leaves, blueberries,

and cranberries, it actually acts as, so it converts it in the skin to

Hydroquinone, so there's more of a gentle time release, so it's a lot more gentle

than Hydroquinone. It also inhibits Tyrosinase activities and inhibits

Melanosomes from maturing. So that's one of the things, this is why I LOVE that,

because it's a sunscreen, it's an anti-aging moisturizer, it also has

Niacinamide. If you don't know what the benefits of Niacinamide are, then please

click on the link below to find out the six benefits, I think it is, of

Niacinamide in there. So it also has some other

additional ingredients in here, and it-, I'll-, click-, I'll put a link in below, you can find

out more about this. So when you're using this, why not use something that has

lighteners in your sunscreen as well. And that's during the day. Because most of

the lightening agents they do tell you to avoid using at night. So, the other

thing is, is that if you choose to NOT use Tretinoin, Retinol, Retin-A because

your skin is more sensitive, or you want to reduce the inflammation because,

remember, inflammation can INCREASE hyperpigmentation activity, then I really

LOVE this one.This is the Ageless Resurfacing Masque, but I use it as a scrub,

you can also use it as a mask. It has Phytic Acid. So Phytic Acid is

actually derived from rice and it's a lightener-and-brightener. So why not use

an exfoliant that also has some lightening-and-brightening agents. And it

also INCREASES the absorption rate of the hyperpigmentation treatment

ingredients -- so lightening agents. So the first one is you would use this first,

right, and then, if you're using a serum, this one is the Age Reverse Brightening

Serum. So this has Kojic Acid and it has Phytic

Acid, it has several other ingredients, and lighteners-and-brighteners, but it's

also mixed in with anti-inflammatories, so to prevent increasing inflammation,

which again, triggers the hyperpigmentation, and then on top of it,

this one. Another one is the make-up. So, if-, as you can see, there's all these

products that you're using to help PREVENT more hyperpigmentation and break-

up the existing hyperpigmentation. So these are what's different. These are all,

in essence, Tyrosinase inhibitors. It's not really a, an accurate term, but it, it

basically suppresses a lot of the hyperpigmentation. Another one you may

consider is we mentioned rice. So this is a translucent rice powder, it is NOT

mixed in with cornstarch or Silica, and basically, it's authentic RICE powder, and

it's mixed in with authentic SILK, amino acids, and some Kaolin Clay. So you can

use this both as a translucent powder but also as a lightening-and-brightening

mask if you want to. So you can actually mix a little bit of this with this. And

basically, with this one, it has Kojic Acid, and it also has Niacinamide, and

Ferulic Acid -- which INCREASES the efficacy of Vitamin C and E, so if you're

using any anti-aging serum, serums with that, it actually increases that. So it

does have a lot of lightening-and-brightening properties. And in that video,

I do explain how to use it both for oily skin and for dry skin because the unique

ability of the translucent rice powder is most translucent rice powders that

are cornstarch or Silica, it just absorbs oil. But the unique thing about rice

powder is it can actually ABSORB moisture but also RELEASE it back into

the skin or into the air, so it has a more compatible feature whether it's dry

skin and oily skin. So you can see this multi-pronged approach. So remember,

make-up is an ART, skin care is a SCIENCE. And for those of you who requested that

I do my OWN hyperpigmentation skin protocol, that will be in the next video.

So thanks for watching.

The Description of Hyperpigmentation Treatments for Dark Skin