Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Aljazeera- The Traveler - Portugal Episode 1

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Let's make the distant horizon our destination,

reaching beyond.. so far will we travel.

Together, we will wander and explore

the magic of today's light and

the mystery of yesterday' shadows.

We touch the history of times

to read the story of the coming future,

to celebrate what is precious to our hearts

and to treasure what makes us humans shine.

To discover the wonders and miracles, wherever they may be hiding.

Observe every detail of their colors

and to feel them pulsing.

May we be moved by visions.

Let's make all that we can imagine become reality.

Here I am, the traveler

and today I step in a whole new world.

Portugal Beacon of the Seas

We arrived in Lisbon, the second oldest capital in Europe. 20 00:01:56,000 --> 00:02:04,000 Every corner of this beautiful city hides a tale from the history tales, we will try to narrate some of them.

A city derives its charm from the mix of ages and cultures that it has experienced.

Every age of its time left a trace here, and a sign there.

Lisbon, or Lisboa, as its inhabitants call it.

It has a population of six hundred thousand people, an intimate mood and wonderful views of the Atlantic Ocean.

When you wander at its roads you'll find arenas, cathedrals, historical houses and historic walls.

You feel like you are wandering around priceless artworks.

This country does not stop reminding you that it once built a glorious empire.

When it was invaded and conquered, it isolated itself again from the rest of the world.

Today it opens its doors to welcome its guests and visitors

and shows them its treasures and its precious achievements.

In any European country this tram would be in a museum, but in Lisbon it's still working since 1930.

The trip with Tram 28 is in the schedule of most visitors to Lisbon.

On its route, it crosses the historical parts of the city.

It crosses the streets, narrow roads and takes sharp turns in the city.

Inside this old fashioned tram, you feel like you're standing in a historical artifact,

which moves through a larger area traversing the historical neighborhoods of Lisbon.

Away from the tourists markets, I visited Lisbon's weekly market, dedicated for the inhabitants of the city.

It takes only a moment before you grasp the love for the past and nostalgia of the city's inhabitants.

Most of the market objects come from times long gone,

like youre wandering through a ware house of old things,

that were cleaned up from dust and brought back to life again.

Before mobile phones people used these nice cameras to record videos quickly.

This is a collection of rare postage stamps from Portugal.

This collection dates back to 1895.

It also includes pictures of the king of Portugal.

This collection dates back to 1926.

In this market you can find almost everything, old used shoes,

dolls, books, maps, furniture and everything.

Were at the doorstep of the Tower of Belem,

which was built in the 15th century AD here in the Portuguese capital.

Later it became one of the symbols of the golden age of explorations by the Portuguese.

The Tower of Belem, it was the last things the sailors used to see when they left Portugal

and the first thing theyd see when they returned home.

Its location, the way it is built and its association with the Portuguese explorations

made it one of the most important and famous places,

that tourists come to visit in Lisbon. It's certainly one of the highlights.

The spot, the method of construction and the fact it resembles the Portuguese expeditions

made it one of the most important and famous places,

that tourists visit in Lisbon and the most attractive place for them to go to.

Belem Tower has many decorations, stone inscriptions and statues,

which depict the effective figures in Portugal history.

While the watchtowers attached to this building were built in an Islamic style.

From a historical classics to a huge collection of contemporary masterpieces:

the Berardo Museum includes rare works of the most important international artists,

making it the favorite place for the lovers of fine arts.

We are in the Museum of Modern Art here in the capital Lisbon.

There are more than 1000 artistic works in the museum,

that concise the history of modern art during the last 200 years

including this artifact by Pablo Picasso.

The museum includes the largest collection of collectibles of contemporary fine art works in Portugal.

This artistic wealth includes all artistic movements and schools

from the end of the nineteenth century to the present day

such as realism, symbolism, surrealism, cubism and others.

The Portuguese were not only skilled at manufacturing and navigating, but also in aviation.

This is a model of the first aircraft that was able to cross the Atlantic Ocean

from here to Rio de Janeiro in 1922.

Another 15th-century architectural masterpiece,

which is considered as a striking example of the Portuguese architecture art.

Let's discover together.

Jeronimos Monastery is located near the beach of Belem.

It was built on a chapel, in honor of the explorer and sailor Henry

and it is considered as one of the most important historical monuments in Lisbon.

Numerous masons and sculptors participated in the decoration of this building,

which combines late Gothic and early Renaissance arts with many classical decorations.

Pastry is Portugal's traditional dessert that was innovated by monks in the 18th century.

They used egg whites to starch clothes, and in order not to waste the yolk,

they innovated a new dessert, which was the Pastry.

The Guardian classified it among the most 15 delicious desserts in the world.

No wonder you need to stand in a long queue to get some yourself.

This is the famous Pastry dessert,

wherever you go in Portugal you will find it in restaurants, cafes and in most shops.

We have known how to prepare it, however the ingredients remain secret.

This beautiful and vibrant area was an industrial zone, which specialized in textile industry at the end of the 19th century. 95 00:14:46,000 --> 00:14:56,000 It turned into one of the most important gathering points of culture, fashion and arts makers in Portugal and Europe.

This abandoned site has turned into the most vibrant place in Lisbon.

An area that draws its details from the art of photography, fashion, architecture, music and even culinary arts.

The Lisbon residents come here to enjoy meals in simple and elegant ambiences.

This huge bridge was built over the Tagus River in 1966 to link up the two parts of the capital.

At that time, it was named after the Portuguese dictator, the Salazar Bridge.

In 1974, a massive revolution broke out, called the Carnation Revolution, 102 00:16:07,000 --> 00:16:11,000 in which the will of the people prevailed without wasting a single drop of blood.

The dictator was defeated and the bridge no longer carried his name.

The bridge was named after the revolution, that introduced Portugal to the age of democracy;

The 25th of April Bridge.

Lisbon

Coimbra

Coimbra or Qalmrya as it was called by Muslims in the Andalusian era.

They considered it as commercial and cultural hub,

where christians of the north met muslims of the south.

A city which is soaked in historical times. Old houses, cobbled streets and narrow pathways.

You still find Andalusian fingerprints in it till today.

Coimbra has the oldest university in Portugal, and it has a special architectural style.

It was founded in the 13th century

and it is one of the oldest and deep- rooted universities in Europe. 116 00:18:18,000 --> 00:18:23,000 The University turned Coimbra city into a cultural and scientific center,

that contributed to the renaissance of Portugal at all times.

Fado music was innovated by talented students in the early 19th century.

A superfine mix of operatic singing and folk music.

Melancholic music that evoke feelings of grief and express words of nostalgia and longing for the past.

Young men show feelings of love and the torment of waiting and deprivation,

while women sing the torment of disappointment and broken hearts.

Many songs commiserate the historical glory of Portugal.

An empire that once captured the worlds' attention with its power,

then, weakened, it retreated from the world stage and became isolated from then on.

Coimbra

Lagos

Natural caves are one of the most beautiful phenomena on the surface of this beautiful planet.

It is said that the most beautiful sea caves in the world are in Algarve. Let's check it out.

More than 30 caves are located here at the southern coast of Portugal.

Wandering alongside them gives you the pleasure of seeing these unique sea rock formations

as well as the impressive golden cliffs.

The trip allows you to see lots of seabirds,

that spread around the coast and over the rocky hills.

Because of the clear water here, you can see several meters deep through the surface of the ocean.

Its amazing to witness the true power of the waves with your bare eyes,

that carved this great cave throughout millions of years.

This is Benagil Cave, one of the most beautiful caves in Algarve or as it called in Arabic al Jurf.

The opening at the top of the cave allows natural light coming into the cave,

and you can see the light changing throughout the day.

And what makes the cave even more magnificent is the privacy you have.

What makes it one of Europes most popular destinations,

is that it has its own secluded beach overlooking crystal clear water.

We saw most of these caves from the sea but it seems that seeing the other caves is not so easy.

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The Description of Aljazeera- The Traveler - Portugal Episode 1