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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: How to start a vegetable garden (开垦新菜园)

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Green in garden, fresh on table.

Welcome to Asiangarden2table.

In this video I will show you step by step

how to start a vegetable garden.

It took me a month to record this video.

I hope it is useful and actually help you to start your garden.

First remove the grass

together with the top soil from your garden.

This is hard work but is very necessary.

Removing top soil will get rid of most of grass roots,

weed seeds, bugs and their eggs,

disease and of course harmful chemicals applied to your lawn.

Let us come back to the very first question:

Where to put your garden?

Vegetables need three things to grow well:

sunshine, water and nutrients.

Here is what you should consider

of a place to grow vegetables.

1. has at least 6 hours direct sunlight;

2. well drained;

3. Stay away from big trees and bushes,

they will block the sun

and steal the nutrients and water from your garden.

Use rake to remove the branches and roots left in the soil.

Another big problem for your garden can be the soil.

There are basically three types of soil:

Clay soil, sandy soil and silt soil.

No matter what type of soil you have in your back yard,

the best way to improve it is to add a lot of organic matters.

The material I am loading now is horse manure.

It is mostly half composted wood chips and some horse dung.

Install the bed for your garden.

I use 1 square foot blocks

and half bury them in the ground.

Keep your garden a little higher than the ground

will prevent water flowing from outside of the raised bed.

This water may carry harmful chemicals applied to your lawn.

After finished the raised bed,

spread out the piles of horse manure.

Where to get the materials for soil improvement?

Search on your local craiglist for

"compost" or "manure" to see what is available for you.

Garden and kitchen wastes are also a good option.

Here comes the fun part.

Run the cultivator around in raised bed for several time .

Make sure you cover every corner.

It will take a while to run cultivator,

let's talk about how organic things improve the soil quality

First It makes the soil loose,

improve aeration and water holding ability of the soil;

Second, It provides a good environment

and necessary foods for the microorganism and worms,

which are great benefits to your garden;

Third, it provides sustainable nutrients to your vegetables.

Use rake to even your raised bed again.

Now you should have a fine, loose and rich soil in your garden.

But this will not last forever.

Every time you grow new seedlings,

you should always add some organic fertilizer or compost in the soil.

You will find out your soil get better and better

and no matter what you grow in your garden,

they just grow so well and effortless.

Divide your raised bed into small sections.

A section shouldn't be wider than 5 ft

for easy access and convenient management.

The length can be flexible according to your condition. ft

Each section I divided is about 4by 8’.

The walk ways between the sections are about 1wide

and lower than the rest of the bed.

In case of too much water, it can help with drainage.

Spread some inorganic fertilizer over the soil.

Inorganic fertilizers work fast

and encourage the seedlings

to develop new roots in the soil quickly.

Appropriate combination of organic and inorganic fertilizers

will make your garden produce more and better.

Use your rake to even the soil on the raised bed.

This will also mix the inorganic fertilizer with the top soil.

The inorganic fertilizer is used

to encourage the seedlings new rootS.

So you dont want bury it deep.

Put your seedling in your garden.

You can get seedlings from Homedepot

Lowes, Walmart or local nursery stores.

But the varieties are very limited,

especially for Asian vegetables.

I start my own seedlings.

Here I have Asian peppers,

Chinese cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli,

bak choi, Nai choi, radish, Kale, Celtuce, kol rabbi and so on.

For back yard vegetable grower,

usually the garden area is not very big.

Mixed cropping is a great method

to maximize usage of your space

and keep your garden produce sustainable.

Fully water your garden after finished transplanting.

Even your garden soil is very wet,

you should not skip this step.

The water will settle the soil around the seedling plugs,

dissolve the fertilizer in the soil

and provide the good environment for the roots to grow.

The first week, water your garden every day.

The vegetables will grow straight up,

turn greener and start to grow new leaves.

The second week, the vegetables already have their roots spread out in the soil.

They greedily absorb the rich nutrients from the soil

and grow faster and faster.

Most of the vegetables have doubled their size.

The third week, the green in the garden explodes!

We just finished installing the wood boards

for each section and blocks for the walk way.

Bakchoi has already grown into full size

and is ready to pick.

Mustard in the middle reach out with their big leaves

while peppers and Yo choi are on the side.

Here are Kale, broccoli, radish and Celtuce.

They fill up the whole bed.

Chinese cabbage grows very big

and are developing white heart.

Now it is time to enjoy the delicious and fresh vegetables.

Thank you for watching. I will see you next time.

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