- You know, scientists believe that we've only explored
about 5% of the ocean, so the things on this list
might just be the tip of the iceberg.
Here are the 10 weirdest things ever found in the ocean.
Number 10 is Blackbeard's ship, Queen Anne's Revenge.
Born around 1960 in Bristol, England,
Edward Teach grew up to become
one of the most notorious pirates in history,
the infamous Blackbeard.
In 1717, Blackbeard captured a French slave ship
and renamed it Queen Anne's Revenge.
Not long before his death in 1718,
the ship was run aground and was thought to be lost forever.
That was, until November 21, 1996,
when a private research team led by Mike Daniel
finally discovered the 103 foot long ship's remains
in the Atlantic Ocean.
1.6 miles off the coast of North Carolina,
the site is still being evacuated,
and to date, over 280,000 artifacts have been salvaged.
But the ship wasn't just loaded with coins and jewels.
They also found 31 cannons from different countries,
makeshift ammunition, like canvas bags
stuffed with lead and nails, and medical equipment,
including syringes that would inject mercury
to treat syphilis.
Yikes, what a time to be alive.
Number nine are Jurassic microbes.
It's hard to believe anything from the Jurassic period
could still be alive.
But a study released in 2012 announced
that ancient microbes had, in fact,
been found buried deep in the ocean.
A team of scientists from Denmark and Germany,
led by Hans Roy, went searching for life
in some of the most barren places on earth.
In the Pacific Ocean near the equator
and North Pacific Gyre current system,
the biologists drilled 92 feet
into the ocean floor to study read clay core samples.
Buried in that clay, they found microbes
that were still alive, but just barely.
Despite not having access to food or oxygen for centuries.
Dang, I get hangry if I don't have second breakfast,
so I don't know how these things survived 86 million years,
but let's continue.
The organisms were still using oxygen
and had a metabolism, only it was really slow.
The discovery was huge for science
because it proved yet again
that life can survive the impossible.
Number eight is the blobfish.
The ocean is filled with beautiful wonders,
but not if you're the Psychrolutes microporos,
better known as the blobfish or fathead.
The blobfish looks more like something
you'd blow out of your nose during a bad cold
than a mysterious sea creature.
They were first discovered back in 1983,
but the world's saddest looking fish
was probably best left in the depths of the ocean
where it came from.
The blobfish can grow up to 12 inches long
and are usually found at depths of nearly 4000 feet
in southern oceans around Australia,
New Zealand, and Tasmania.
They don't look quite so gross in their natural habitat,
because their gelatinous bodies are able
to stand the immense pressure of the deep sea.
Because they are slightly less dense than the ocean waters,
they're able to stay afloat just above the sea floor.
Once out of the water, though,
they really feel the weight of the world,
or gravity, and become less fish, more blob.
Number seven is an underwater gallery.
Not everything we find in the ocean
was lost centuries ago.
In 2006, British artist and sculptor,
Jason deCaires Taylor, didn't find something,
but created the first underwater sculpture park.
He created the park in Molinere Bay
off the coast of Grenada.
Since then, he co-founded the Museo Subacuatico de Arte
off the coast of Cancun, Mexico, in 2009.
And on January 10th, he opened the Museo Atlantico
off the coast of Spain.
It was 14 meters below the surface of the Atlantic Ocean.
His sculptures are life-sized figures of people and things
that depict everything from watching TV
to the refugee crisis.
They're usually modeled from local people
and then cast with a pH neutral marine cement.
The cement is textured so that over time
the sculptures will develop into artificial coral reefs
as the local marine life take them over.
The result is a permanent and eerie underwater world
of human figures, frozen in time and surrounded by sea life.
Number six is garbage island.
One of the earliest lessons that we're taught
is not to litter.
But, a look out your window will tell you
that we aren't exactly the best
at getting rid of our garbage.
That became even clearer in the mid-1980s,
when researchers first described high concentrations
of garbage clumped together in the ocean.
There are five major garbage patches
around the world, with the biggest being
the Great Pacific Garbage Patch in the Pacific Ocean.
The patches form when waste and debris,
especially plastic, get caught in ocean currents
and gradually group together.
They aren't actually solid masses and can be spread out.
The Great Pacific Garbage Patch was estimated
to weigh 7 million tons and to be twice the size of Texas.
And scientists think it could double in size
over the next decade.
Unfortunately, there's not a real island of garbage
where we could send horrible people and politicians,
but there are still huge amounts of waste
polluting our oceans and killing wildlife.
Number five are manganese mystery balls.
In 1873, scientists discovered round metal balls
at the bottom of the ocean.
But, over 140 years later,
just why they form is still a mystery.
The balls can range from an inch
to as big as a bowling ball,
and consist of manganese hydroxide
that develops layers of metal over a core
of a tiny fragment of rock or fossil.
The layers can contain all sorts of other metals,
like copper, zinc, and cobalt.
They also take incredibly long to develop,
with just a few millimeters taking a million years to form.
Because they're so slow, scientists are able to use them
to study the earth's history.
They've been found all over the world,
but have always been thought to be the most common
in the Pacific Ocean.
That was until January of 2015,
when German scientists found the largest ever deposit
at the bottom of the Atlantic.
Up to 18,000 feet below the water's surface.
This could actually be a huge resource
for the tech industry that uses rare earth metals
in high-tech electronics.
Number four is the lost city of Krishna.
Today, Dwarka, located in the northwest of India
may seem like a normal coastal city.
But it's thousands of years of history
are much closer than they appear.
Dwarka translates as gateway to heaven in Sanskrit,
and is a place of pilgrimage for Hindus.
It's also home to a 2500 year old temple
dedicated to the Hindu god Krishna.
In Hindu mythology, Dwarka was Krishna's kingdom
and had over 900,000 royal palaces and temples.
That story came to life in 2001
when oceanographers accidentally discovered the remains
of an ancient city 120 feet below the water
nearby in the gulf of Cambay.
They found stone walls, the outline of roadways,
and the remains of a port,
as well as all sorts of artifacts
from the lost civilization,
including pottery, beads, and sculptures.
Even human bones and teeth were found
and carbon dated over 9500 years old.
It's believed that the city was flooded
thousands of years ago before it sank
to the bottom of the ocean.
Number three is the ghost war fleet, Chuuk Lagoon.
In the Pacific Ocean, 1100 miles northeast of New Guinea,
lies Chuuk Lagoon, or Truk Lagoon, as it's also known.
The lagoon is spotted with several islands,
which were used as the Japanese base of naval operations
in the Pacific during World War Two.
During that time, many military munitions
and vehicles were transported there.
On February 17, 1944, the U.S. military
commenced Operation Hailstone,
an aircraft bombing run against the ships
stationed in the lagoon, and ended up obliterating
the defending Japanese naval forces.
The Japanese lost 12 warships, 32 merchant ships,
and 275 aircraft in that attack.
Their exploded and rusted metal machine corpses
still lie scattered around Truk Lagoon to this day,
making it the worlds largest ship graveyard
In addition to the ships, ammunition, military supplies,
soldier gear, and many personal items lie down there too,
in an almost untouched state.
Number two is the Baltic anomaly.
On June 19th, 2011, the Swedish dive team, Ocean X,
were searching for an old shipwreck
in the depths of the Bohemian Sea
at the center of the Baltic Sea,
between Sweden and Finland.
But instead, they discovered a mysterious
huge circular rock formation
partially buried in the sea floor.
The giant rock contains limonite and granite,
but could also contain metal.
It hasn't been completely unearthed,
but sonar scans show that it's 10 to 13 feet thick
and 200 feet in diameter,
sitting on a 26 foot tall stone pillar.
They also found other rock formations nearby
that look like a 300 foot long runway
and a set of stairs that appear to be leading down
into a dark hole.
Most scientists believe it formed naturally,
possibly during the last ice age,
but that definitely hasn't stopped others
from speculating that the strange rocks
could be the remains of an old fishing boat,
a sunken ship from World War Two,
or even even evidence of an alien crash landing.
And number one is Cleopatra's lost city.
Explores may still be looking for Atlantis,
but in 2000, French marine archeologist,
Franck Goddio, may have found the next best thing,
the lost city of Heracleion,
once ruled by the Egyptian Queen of the Nile, Cleopatra.
The city was discovered only 30 feet underwater
at the mouth of the Nile in Aboukir Bay,
in the Mediterranean Sea,
20 miles from the ancient city of Alexandria.
The city dates all the way back to the 12th Century B.C.,
and it was at least partially built
on stilts over the water before it sunk over 1500 years ago.
Before it was found, the city had only been mentioned
as a place visited by Helen of Troy in a few ancient texts.
Goddio and his team had accidentally found
the lost palace and the temple of Cleopatra.
They also found treasures like gold coins and charms
and uncovered stone sphinxes,
massive 16 foot tall statues of Egyptian gods,
as well as the sarcophagus of an unknown Pharaoh.
The ocean is a mad place,
but I hope you guys enjoyed this episode.
On the right, you'll find two of my most recent videos
that you can press or click on your screen right now
if you wanna watch some more.
And that's it for today.
I will see you guys in the next video.
Bye, going swimming in the ocean.