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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Architecture, art and design - 100 years of the Bauhaus (1/3) | DW Documentary

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Innovative holistic, Aesthetica

Free-thinking quarters glue honest revolutionary the white OD car fast

Sherman that is Bauhaus

After 100 years the ideals of the Bauhaus are more relevant today than they were then the spa's

hottia for 100 years ago Bauhaus reimagined the future

how will we learn without we let

The Bauhaus influence is everywhere guns house set out to formulate a language of design. That was universal

That everything has an ideal height an ideal size and that's what optimizes its utility

But not sneak an you know, they want it's kind of boosted gap for me wherever your partner remember

You're a designer what we really whether you're an artist

Bauhaus is a legend the brilliance of the Bauhaus school remains undiminished even today

Even though its existence was short-lived. It continues to shape the world we live in

New approaches to education and training architecture painting dance and design were explored and developed here

When Hitler seized power and forced the school to shut down its artists architects and visionaries

Emigrated fanning out and spreading the Bauhaus doctrine around the world

So what exactly lies behind the enduring appeal of Bauhaus a

British furniture designer with Nigerian roots

Janka alluri lives in London his fascination with chairs places him firmly in the Bauhaus tradition

He trolls the city in search of inspiration

On the top deck of the boss by the window in London was always it is always chairs everywhere

You know, I might look up there. It's on my foot chair there or I don't know

Yeah, so I'm just always looking around and always, you know inquisitive to kind of see what to run, you know

And why fine - yeah, you never know what you never know. That's the best beauty of what I do

Janka doesn't find anything that strikes his fancy on the street. So he tries his luck in a charity shop

This is quite nice as awesome

This is quite cool you

Know the first process is sort of looking like seeing the chair

And then second would be kind of having a parable in my head

so having that the narrative of the chair this chair this chair I see it's definitely

1940s 53 it's quite an old chair isn't it's not it's not it's not

Exactly a so, it's the fifties sixties

Yanker is drawn to pieces that have a story to tell he likes to work intuitively

So our life pieces with character, so this is this has got a lot of character so it's in you know

Kind of also, you know, I like the way they've kind of used different materials

So definitely have some ideas on color palettes because that sort of speaks to me because what I do is that you know

I look at the kind of section

So we're kind of thinking of a line in you know in there in the jungle maybe

Or in or in there was there could be a lion in you know, maybe this could be green. I don't know

Well, just I just think about the context of where I would see, you know, these you know, these these these feet these line feet

And also this kinda reminds me of a musical instrument

Like a guitar or something. I don't know

Intuitive design that was a bedrock principle of the Bauhaus

The art school in vimar Germany was founded in 1919 by architect vertical pious

He was joined there by many of the most venerated artists of the time

After the ordeal of the first world war they were eager to remake the world from the ground up

this called for a new breed of industrial designer Gropius believed and new forms of training a

Foundation course was compulsory for all students

It taught basic techniques of art and craftsmanship

It was developed by Swiss painter. Johannes itten. He encouraged students to work intuitively and

experiment with forms colors and materials

The characteristic colours and forms of the Bauhaus influenced artists such as Paul clay and Vasily Kandinsky

The primary colors red yellow and blue and the geometrical forms of the square

Triangle and circle have become the trademark of the Bauhaus

There's an abundance of formant color in Yankee alluri studio in London

My studies designer furniture University so I have a degree in

Furniture making and a product design. You kind of teach yourself. I love the processes

I should go alone and it was a more vertical so lots of art history

looking at Bauhaus the kinetic art history of

design of

Photography there was a lot of making which was a shame

Carpentry set design and ceramics workshops formed the cornerstone of practical training at the Bauhaus school

That would have been right up yonkers street each chair tells part of his own story

Actually understood why my parents are loved to Nigeria and what it meant to be African and be a black British

You know in London and how powerful that wasn't how you know

That I I felt like I had power

Because you know not everyone is like is is much in is British

So what I wanted to do was retool my narrative using Nigerian parables

Yeah, these sort of thing there was an interest as through year

I recently found out that the University of if it was that she designed bind it with Israeli architect. He was to study that the

Bauhaus school

And I think it fit me

it's one of the best distr first I've ever seen actually because it was just mind-blowing and

Just seeing I don't know just just not knowing that BIOS actually existed in Nigeria

I think

Even just thinking about makes me smart makes me happy and I'm if you look at my Instagram when I posted this image of you

Know these free images people were just fast Mia

The University of affair campus in Nigeria was designed in the 1960s by Bauhaus graduates Aria Sheeran

Africa has both shaped and been shaped by Bauhaus

It looks like African

Certainly influences from Africa in this PC

This is indeed the African chair a collaborative effort by two

Bauhaus masters designer Marcel Breuer and textile artist Gunther Stinson

Just called Africa chair. Laughs yeah, I mean we about even knowing I

Love marcel breuer as well and I think I have a copy of this

Carry in my studio. I don't copy it could be wrong. You know, it's actually, you know, I brought it from the charity shop

In in Chyzyk

Just I mean I like this

Hand woven texture here is amazing as well. Just kind of bamboo. It is really nice

It's just a really clean design. Yeah

Yeah, love it

It was in

1925 once the school relocated to Dessau that Bauhaus started to become more widely known

From his glass-fronted office vattic or pious overlooked the school premises

Nothing escaped him including all the student goings-on in the work shop next door

The students are now long gone today Claudia peffern is the director of the Bauhaus Dessau foundation

Bauhaus was pretty crazy

It has to be said when you look at the Bauhaus building you can see how radical it was

And then there were all these girls with short hair working together with boys 50 meters all very casual

It was quite a provocation

If they don't get a smile on their provocative

The Bauhaus sought to create an impression of transparency of Airy radiant space

The gopis vast guns clad Gropius was very aware that a new era had dawned

And that a new era called for new forms and new solutions for living

He saw this reflected in every aspect of industry, but not really in architecture

as an architect or not nickimja villages in

The new clear language of forms was put into practice in the nearby masters houses

Battacor pious designed these homes for the Bauhaus teachers and their families

construction began in 1925

The homes of vitae core pious and lászló moholy-nagy were destroyed in the second world war in

2014 they were rebuilt but not so much we constructed as

reinterpreted

Artist Olaf Nikolai designed the interior of the Mahoney Nagy house

Wall in Rochester as an artist, Mohan Lodge was very interested in light

So I made light a central part of my design and figured out a way to make it an element of a visitors experience

And one way to draw attention to light is to refractive

Mist pressure

The over Fletcher I made the surface of the artifact the building my playing field

Chef Danny villag. I wanted to work with what was already there

I also wanted to bring out the craftsmanship that played such a key role at the Bauhaus

Super tune once the flustering walls is a very simple artisanal activity

So I decided on four types of plaster white powdered marble with various grain sizes

Osmar most of the variations in granularity and the way that light strikes the walls create shadow plays

octave chuttan shmita

Just positive and the house is crying out to be photographed

Skip the spa host. There is no one of our house. It was very diverse. There was a bit of everything

It had Powell clay. It had Oskar Schlemmer Hannes Meyer who had a staunchly socialist agenda

Or who wanted nothing to do with ideology and was on a quest for pure form

People who introduced compulsory yoga classes

What's truly fascinating is of course what happens when a design movement becomes a universal concept when it becomes life?

In Japan quality design traditionally plays a big part in daily life the aesthetic

sensibility and the striving for clarity and simplicity

Underpinning Japanese culture have much in common with the visual language of Bauhaus and indeed partly inspired it

Greater Tokyo is one of the world's largest metropolitan areas housing is expensive and in short supply

Meo suna yama belongs to a young generation of Japanese architects interested in new housing concepts

you can never see inside of the houses and

also

Very close to relation isolated situation

They never invites the people and friends or even family. They don't know each other the next to each other

I think

Mia is seeking an entirely new approach

Okay, I have to change my mind on the architect like how to read the city asking

different way of living in Tokyo, so I proposed a

completely different way from

Normal one-room apartment in Tokyo

The Hayashi family's housing solution is radical by Japanese standards

The project was started by kanae Hayashi's wife Chie before the couple got married

Her house was very small studio time to

Meet her everything packed

Toilet shower kitchen bedroom. Everything was not separated

so she was a living like that as many other Japanese people do but in a

She she likes cooking and she want to relax in a sofa

To watch TV something like that, but she cannot do that. So when we find this one we have 20 places

To do that, but it's too big for her alone. So maybe we wanted to do some share house

A shared house for people who aren't necessarily all family and who are willing to redefine their relationships to one another?

Mio is converting the old house into a house for seven people a home like this would be unaffordable for a family

And

People doesn't have a lot of job so

people doesn't have like

In the way as a good life as their parent they start to do something

Meo took meticulous measurements so as to use the space as efficiently as possible

the small bedrooms on the upper floor are separated by a light and airy hallway a

bridge between the private and the shared spaces

Using the steps like we could sit down here and put the thing so the life of the

individual rooms extend here

The rooms are small while the shared areas are spacious

The multi-purpose living room is where residents and friends can come together

In a city that's becoming increasingly

Anonymous the house is a small pockets of community

Mio and her husband run a successful architecture firm

She's a big fan of German Bauhaus

Miss Fonda law is the most inspiring

architect from my tech student time and

his materiality and

Proportion and also he makes it very simple and looks very easy

But it's not and he's like a relationship with us outside in room in the room and the furniture

It's related all together and this is kind of magic

Bauhaus had close ties to Japan from the outset

This house was built in the 1930s by awaya Milwaukee who studied at the Bauhaus school?

in

1954 vertical Pierce visited the brand-new. Kuis our Design School in Tokyo

writing in the guestbook

Here I have found genuine Bauhaus spirit

In her work mio often refers to this weighty manual compiled by Ernst no effort

another Bauhaus graduate

The first edition of his architects data is in bimah

The current edition of this international bestseller was updated by architect johannes keister

You start planning a new project you reach for your no friend

It's currently in its 42nd editions landed published all over the world write

it

It's a reference book for spatial requirements in building design

And site planning from the best height for a door handle to the angle of a body leaning back in a chair

To compile these norms. No fat carried out detailed measurements of the human body in daily activities and its use of space

The professional dis mention is the powerhouse wasn't the first to measure daily life

But the radical approach of relating architecture space and spatial relationships to such measurements and the radical

extrapolation of space allocation and typology from these relationships

That was the cornerstone of Bauhaus

The book was finally published three years after the Bauhaus was shut down by the Nazis

But the efficiency of knife 'it's manual suited the totalitarian system and the Nazis co-opted it for their own purposes

After the war when its merits could once again speak for themselves it became a best-seller

Nowadays knife, 'it's manual can be found in architecture firms all over the world

What space is needed for an elevator how much space do you need in a kitchen an industrial kitchen a canteen?

What size should something be to work well in its environment?

It's just useful right because when we want to know the like example of this

certain type ology if you flip this book we can find

very basic

measurement the knowledge we have to know but we can't put everything into my our brain so

it's somehow a part of our

way

Measuring people activities things

Rationality and detail as tools for optimizing daily life and use of space

Hallmarks of the Bauhaus code that carried as far as Japan

The Bauhaus archive in Berlin designed by none other than Bauhaus founder Wouter Gore pious himself

Director Annamarie, yagi is the guardian of his legacy montval tarnished climb climb hunt. Well, it wasn't the ordinary

old-school craftsperson training

The aim was to train a new type of artist the industrial designer who could wear all hats

A generalist who could be an architect or a typographer or a painter a sculptor a photographer

an industrial designer who represented the Universal

Universal Ashland, the manifesto of the Vimal state Bauhaus was published in April 1919

Architects sculptors painters. We must all turn to the crafts together. Let us conceive and create the new building of the future

Marvelous thesis also London what they wanted to avoid was if drifting apart art on one side art for art's sake salon art

And on the other side the more downmarket applied art that is craft

Could stir this hand of our cartoonist

The Bauhaus code blurred the distinction between fine art and applied art

Then and now the starting point is always the material

That's about 25% each of feldspar and quartz and 50% Kalyan

Amazing how this dust can turn into something with so much bulk

And somehow elastic to imagine it being poured or molded it's texture is so great

Controller haptic

Berlin-based design collective new tendency is in demand. The team are graduates of the Bauhaus University in Vemma

They design industrial products for everyday use in the Bauhaus tradition functional and no frills

The firm is teaming up with one of Germany's oldest manufacturing companies the Royal porcelain factory KPM

It supplied Prussian Kings with Berlin porcelain

Why do we mainly manufacture in Germany

On the one hand because of the tradition of craftsmanship, but also because of the convenience the fact that we can visit the factories

That's very exciting for us designers. It reminds us of the craftsmanship involved in broadens our minds

hoskins under than it

The kpms porcelain is all handcrafted

Ceramicists at the Bauhaus in Vemma began designing simple modern porcelain tableware for the KPM in 1929

New tendency is marking the 100th anniversary of Bauhaus by collaborating with the KPM on a commemorative plate

As soon as you start it's already gone you can see how fast it's turning it's a question of seconds

Today the team are presenting their ideas to the kpms head designer

From the front there's a lovely play of light and shadow

The industrial and constructivist aspect is a great contrast to the delicate porcelain we found that contrast very intriguing

It reminds me of Bauhaus photography the light and shadow and negative space

We explore these elements with our designs to

New tendancy designs practical high quality products

they're not interested in mass production, but

Their kind of craftsmanship has a price one. Not everyone can afford

Business though is thriving

Complete Internet's were completely international. We get a lot of inquiries from the US and England

But also South Korea and Japan from people with a similar sense of aesthetics Lloyd in sin first Attica

In keeping with the Bauhaus spirit a good product is a fusion of skilled craftsmanship and artistic vision is

An essential part of the Bauhaus appeal is that Gropius was keen on the idea of synergy a

Vision that's become reality boundaries between creative disciplines are increasingly blurred

First I need a vacuum

The materials softens and starts to melt it melts very fast and then it gets smooth

Finished

The results are unexpected is Kasia kukuczka conducting research for the car industry

No, she's preparing for her graduation show she studies fashion design in Berlin

My basic idea was to see if I could produce a collection without actually sewing anything and instead used different production methods

So I worked a lot with lasers and glue to explore the alternatives

To see how I could make clothes production my modern

I wanted to replace man made with machine made machine made

I have a background in architecture

Perhaps that's why I tend to focus more on production methods used in industry and industrial design

The ideological Bauhaus principle is always my starting point when I begin a new project the

principle of function first

And les s

Standardization the idea that everything has an ideal height an ideal size in order to optimize its utility

So is this optimal food in mention as at US but not in Canada?

I'm really intrigued by the idea that rather than simply buying an item of clothing. You could buy CAD or computer aided design data

You get your data go to a workstation and a machine makes the clothes for you

to Cairo

This design is based on motorbike trousers made from an upholestry fabric commonly used in the car industry

But isn't there such a thing as excessive optimization?

Complete series. I wanted to apply an over complicated process of supposed optimization to clothing

It's a humorous comment on this trend it's not meant to be taken seriously

The big event the catwalk show in the evening

Last minute pitfalls are inevitable

Well the trousers fit

What do you think I can you walk on the frame? Yeah, I guess I mean it would be nice to just try your longer

Distance just then let's do this

I have to wait they're taking a photo

Is it your turn then go Cash's collection is about to make its catwalk debut

After months of hard work her graduation in her pockets, she can finally relax and enjoy the moment

Fashion design that straddles architecture and technology analog and digital a

Cross-disciplinary approach is quintessentially Bauhaus. I

Know

Folks one of the main reasons for the success of Bauhaus

Was that the movement was brave enough to bring together very different creative minds

When you take a look at who taught there, they don't seem to have anything in common

Creatively and they were very different characters

But I think that Gropius realized that only diversity could produce answers to the questions raised by the new era

He's annoyed side fintan can

this architectural icon in Spain is a perfect distillation of that collaborative spirit the

reconstructed Barcelona pavilion

Originally designed for the 1929 International Exposition by Mies van der hora the third director of the Bauhaus school

The architecture and the interior blends seamlessly

The furnishings which include the famous Barcelona chair were Co designed by Mies van der hora and Bauhaus master Lily rice

the creative scope of the Bauhaus school was unique a printing and advertising workshop opened in Dessau in

1925

The workshops head was Hobart buyer who designed the new typefaces that would help define the Bauhaus style

He was a pioneer of what we'd now call corporate design

When a man the capital of Jordan decided it needed its own branding it hired graphic designer Yan gana who

specializes in typefaces

It was a pretty daunting task

I first came to Amman in 2004 as a young student and then I came back in 2008 to develop a typeface for am on

an Arabic and Latin type design for the greater among municipality

It was my graphic design graduation project at the Bauhaus University in bimah

a

Man is one of the first typefaces that bridges the gap between Western and Arab fonts

Designed by a Bauhaus graduate Dr. - of huge cotton shirts

Yeah these days you'll see a Monde typeface on every street sign on public transport on public websites

and official printed material

I was very fortunate to be able to help define the urban landscape

the visual identity of this city

- I don't speak just - that

The middle-eastern city is also home to some intriguing modernist architecture albeit a little hidden away and more often than not

somewhat weathered

Whereas the Amman font on this cultural center is impossible to overlook

Why miss that's the sword for me Linda thought I was happy to see it in such a prominent position even the city was

rebranding itself

But the result is a disaster

Pains my type designer Sol. He wasn't supposed to be like this

It's the equivalent of taking a painting or a photo and then stretching it. It's really distorted. That's how they - what's out?

Not everyone was thrilled to see a foreigner coming along and getting this job

In the Arab world the main hubs of typeface design or Beirut in Cairo

Amman is a very young city. It's only a hundred years old. The field just doesn't exist here

Anyway designing the font was my own idea. He's a superstar

To me this is a lovely use of Amman type in Arabic and Latin script in bold

He's acting on condition about the finished item the rough edges I built into the design were inspired by a certain atmosphere in the city

It has a kind of rawness lack of polish that I wanted the font to express

Lots of people here do apparently agree that the font captures the mood of their city

The Bauhaus code a philosophy developed at a small German art school and adopted across the world

a

manual for structuring daily life based on principles of architecture and design

an interdisciplinary school with radical new teaching methods that fostered freedom and

Experimentation a school that pioneered the fusion of fine arts and crafts

After years of extraordinary creativity the Bauhaus had moved to Berlin and was forced to close down under pressure from the Nazis

One side. I owned eyes across

1933 was the end of the road the Bauhaus was founded in vemma as a state subsidized school

That's why it was called the vimar State Bauhaus

Dessau it was a municipal institution and in Berlin it was a private institution

Financed primarily out of Mies van der Rohe is own pocket

Einen bank until emergency order, although forced to close its breakup helped it evolve into a global movement

Thus by us via phone and finanza internet phone from the outset. The Bauhaus was very international

Thanks to its international connections

It wasn't all that hard for the BAU Hauser's to disperse around the world after the schools closure of Italian

The Bauhaus movement also left its mark in tel-aviv

Between 1920 and 1940 some 4,000 buildings built in the modern style were erected in the city centre

In 2003 the white city was made a UNESCO World Cultural Heritage Sites

The white city was largely the work of architects who had studied with vitac or pious Mies van der hora and other European architects

In the 1930s many Jews fled growing anti-semitism in Europe and emigrated to Palestine there

They contributed to the making of a new society

These days many of the buildings have fallen into disrepair. The paint is peeling and the facades crumbling

However, the UNESCO World Cultural Heritage status has helped raise awareness of these buildings historic value

The max Liebling house built in

1936 is undergoing an extensive restoration and will soon be opening as a heritage center

Israeli German architect Sharon Gallinger on is program director of the white city center. She's well aware

What a treasure it is

Let's see what original features from Germany we have here look at this

This is a handle when we dismantled the door handles and cleaned them up

We saw that they had stamps from the company WH AG

You can just about see it

We did some research and found out that they really were made by the company that manufactured the Gropius handles. So for the Bauhaus

The company was called LOI. There are all sorts of treasures like that here

This is subsidies, it's interesting in architecture how many German words Hebrew uses?

We say cunt for canta or edge

Suckle for soccerbase Krotz puts and Stein puts scratch cut stone plaster

We say SH list the German word for plane

It's funny listening to Jewish and Arab construction workers on the building site. They're like, hey Moshe Krotz puts

It goes to show how much expertise was brought here in the 1930s

Not just materials but skills

Iran is meeting up with shoe Levite. Wish who gives tours of the White City

She's an expert on the architects who gave Tel Aviv its distinctive look

Ochio Susan copious opinion with pestle and could you see?

That the building is a statue that people walk in the answer may our mouths aesthetical office Hoover, okay

lots of a thing and yes

If they are not so important but we have to fix the social behavior of the after copulation

Hannes Meyer

Gropius's successor fervently believed in design for the people what became of that goal is Bauhaus

Design as functional as it set out to be is Bauhaus nowadays, just a brand

Find out in the second episode of our series Bauhaus world the effect

You

The Description of Architecture, art and design - 100 years of the Bauhaus (1/3) | DW Documentary