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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: 19. Coordinating Conjunctions and Comma Splices. English Grammar Lesson

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in order to avoid making error called

the comma splice you have to know what

the coordinating conjunction is now

there are only seven coordinating

conjunctions in English I will start by

showing you what they are there and

there is a mnemonic or a memory

enhancing device for figuring out or

recalling which words are the

coordinating conjunctions and it is this

this funny word fanboys and each letter

of this word stands for a chord any

conjunction so here they are for and nor

but or yet and so these are obviously

among the most common words in English

they're conjunctions because they join

things together that's what a

conjunction does and they coordinate

because the things that they join

together are equal partners one isn't

more important than the other they are

merely coordinated as opposed to being

subordinated where one is one

grammatical element is is somehow more

important than the other so what does

that mean well the most common use of

coordinating conjunctions would probably

probably be between nouns for example in

the sentence we need and we need flour

and milk and eggs

notice that flour that's a noun milk

that's a noun and you've got an end

between them and the end is joining two

things that are grammatically identical

to nouns flour milk but they don't have

to come merely between

they can come between any grammatically

identical elements in a sentence so for

example it is sad yet funny yet being a

coordinating conjunction and what it's

joining together is two adjectives sad

funny so it is coordinating them or

similarly he ran out of the house and

into the rain here and his are

coordinating conjunction and the things

it's coordinating our prepositional

phrases which are again grammatically

equal to each other out of the house is

a prepositional phrase into the rain is

a prepositional phrase these are

grammatically equal and any two

grammatically equal elements can be

joined by a coordinating conjunction

that's their job now this is

particularly important to know about if

you're going to avoid a common error the

comma splice now to understand what

comma splices you have to know what

accord any Junction is hopefully you

have some one D of that and you also

have to know what an independent clause

is an independent clause is a clause

that can stand alone

and the sentence that is it is

grammatically complete so for example

Zoltan took office could that be a

sentence yes therefore it is an

independent clause or any of these

things I just read he ran out of the

house and into the rain could that be a

sentence it is a sentence yes it is an

independent clause he ran out of the

house that could be a sentence that's an

independent clause so a comma splice is

the use of a comma between two

independent clauses that are not joined

by a coordinating conjunction that's

sort of a mouthful but let me show you

an example Zoltan took office that's an

independent clause I left the country

that's an independent clause these two

things could both be sentences but look

what how it's written Zoltan took office

comma I left the country period we have

an independent clause to the left of the

comma and we have an independent clause

to the right of the combo but there is

no coordinating conjunction following

the comma so here we have two

independent clauses joined by a comma

but not joined by a coordinating

conjunction and this is the comma splice

so the way you would fix it there are

many ways of fixing it you the easiest

is just to take out this comma and put a

period it's all time took office I left

the country but you could also leave the

comma there and

a coordinating conjunction for example

Zoltan took office so I left the country

or and I left the country or but I left

the country there there or even for

Zoltan took office for I left the

country these would have different

meanings but they would avoid being

comma splices you can also subordinate

this second clause or the first one

because zoton took office I left the

country now because some time took

office that is not an independent clause

right you can't just say because all

time took office period that's not the

sentence that would be a sentence

fragment so if you put the becaus there

you would have eliminated the comma

splice because now you don't have two

independent clauses you don't have two

things that could stand alone as a

sentence so in that case that the comma

would be just fine but a comma on its

own without a coordinating conjunction

to back it up is not strong enough to

unite two independent clauses so to

repeat the comma splice is the use of a

comma between independent clauses that

are not joined by a coordinating

conjunction

The Description of 19. Coordinating Conjunctions and Comma Splices. English Grammar Lesson