Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Don't Make These Grammar Mistakes Again | Just, Already, Still and Yet!

Normal
(0)
Difficulty: 0

Eat Sleep Dreamers welcome back to another with me Tom. today we are getting deep with

grammar. We are looking at the difference between just, already, yet and still. How

do you use them? We are about to find out.

Hello and welcome to Eat Sleep Dream English. If you haven't met me before my name is Tom

and I teach fresh modern British English so that you can take your English to the next

level and achieve your life goals whatever they may be whether it's to get that new job,

whether it's to pass that exam, I'm here to help. Now today we're looking at four words

that are commonly misused or confused and we're going to look at how to use them and

when to use them. This is going to be super useful so let's dive in right now. The first

thing to know is that in British English we use all four of these words with the present

perfect tense. While we use these words with the present perfect we do use them in other

situations, other times, other phrases and we're going to look at a few of those as well.

Let's take the word yet. So we use this word to talk about something that hasn't happened

but maybe we expect it to happen in the future. You will mostly find yet in negative sentences

and also in questions. For example 'Have you called your Grandmother yet?' So as you can

see present perfect 'have you called' and then your Grandmother yet. So maybe it hasn't

happened yet but it's expected to happen in the future. It's also used as a response to

a question. So for example 'Has the post arrived?' 'Not yet'. So up until now it hasn't arrived

but in the future hopefully it will arrive. So has the post arrived? Not yet. Interestingly

you can use yet in the positive, in the affirmative but it changes the meaning slightly. So for

example 'has the post arrived?' You might say 'The post has yet to arrive.' This means

that it still hasn't arrived. So now the meaning of yet is more like still. This is quite a

formal structure certainly in spoken English it sounds very formal and you'd find it more

in written English but if you were at a party and you said 'The guests have yet to arrive'

you are saying the guests still haven't arrived. Interesting structure. We use still to talk

about a situation that is unchanged, that is continuing maybe surprisingly. For example

'Are Chris and Dave still dating?' So you are asking there are they continuing to date

'are they still dating?'. Another example 'What's it like outside? Is it still raining?'

As you can see still there giving us that sense of continuing, is it still this situation?

Is it still continuing to be this situation? Let's look at just. Just talks about a very

recent action. 'I've just been to see Dan in hospital.' So I have just been to see Dan

in hospital. So very recently I visited Dan and now I'm telling you about it. So a very

recent action 'I've just visited Dan'. 'We've just seen the news' again we very recently

saw some news so i would say 'We've just seen the news'. There are lots of phrases with

just so like you could use just now for example to show just how close to this moment now

something happened. So maybe it was a couple of seconds ago or a minute ago. So 'I saw

Dave just now'. Literally a couple of seconds ago. 'My sister called just after you'. So

there just after you again the just is showing just how close exactly to that moment it was.

It wasn't a long time after, it was a very short time after. So just after you. Finally

let's look at already. We use this word to talk about something that has happened in

the past before this moment and sometimes with surprise. So for example 'Have you seen

the new Star Wars film?' 'Yeah I've seen it already.' That means that before speaking

you watched the film and so now you can say well yeah 'I've seen it already'. It's happened,

I've done it. 'have you eaten yet?' 'Yeah, I've already eaten.' So again a past action

that is complete, you've done it so you would say 'I've eaten already.' Or I've already

eaten. Now the position of already can go in the middle of the phrase or it could go

at the end. We usually put it in the middle position of the sentence so 'I've already

eaten'. However maybe if you want to emphasise something you might put it at the end of the

sentence so 'I've eaten already'. You just want to emphasise that you did this action.

Another example 'You are here already!' You want to emphasise that they have arrived and

maybe you are a bit surprised so yeah 'you are here already.' Not a great thing to say

to a party guest but yeah anyway. So this is a great word to know and very useful when

you are using the present perfect. Shall we do a little quiz? I think that would be a

good idea. I know how much you guys have enjoyed previous quizzes in other videos. So I'm going

to give you some sentences and I want you to choose the correct word to fit in to the sentence. Good luck!

How was that guys? How many did you get correct? Let me know in the comments below of course.

Tell me if it was easy, if it was difficult. If this video helped you to get better marks,

let me know in the comments below. Thank you so much for hanging out with me guys. Remember

I've got new videos every Tuesday and every Friday helping you take your English to the

next level. Check me out on Instagram, check me out on Facebook where I put daily English

content. Thank you so much for hanging out with me again guys. This is Tom the Chief

Dreamer, saying goodbye.

The Description of Don't Make These Grammar Mistakes Again | Just, Already, Still and Yet!