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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: had = if

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you can use the word had to form

conditional sentences for past

situations a very simple sentence that

you could make is had I only known this

would be in response to some situation

that you didn't know about here's the

helping verb and then here is the past

participle notice that this is not a

question it begins with a helping verb

but it's not a question so if I start

with this I'm gonna have to use a past

participle and it just means that

something didn't happen in the past and

I only known means I didn't know there's

the same it's the same meaning really

however and I only known whatever this

is this could be followed by I would

have and then this would be a past

participle I would have made other

arrangements

had I only known I would have made other

arrangements in this first part of the

sentence this is the condition but I

didn't know and this is the action that

I would have taken but I didn't take

that action and he studied for the test

he probably would have gotten a better

score so at the end of this part of the

sentence here is the comma and then you

can use the word probably and we're

talking about the past and then would

have and here's the past participle so

this didn't happen he didn't study for

the test

and he didn't get a better score or a

good score and I felt this is the past

participle for feel and I felt better

comma I would have gone to the game so I

didn't feel well and I didn't go to the

game notice again that there's no

question mark here this is not a

question even though it begins with a

helping verb head to plane left the

airport on time comma we would have

arrived earlier or I can make this

negative by putting the the word not

here at the plane not left the airport

on time we would have arrived late

so it just depends on how you begin the

sentence and that determines how it will

end

if you use the negative it goes in front

of the past participle and he not had

the operation , he would have died you

don't always have to use this form for

the verb in the second part of the

sentence it's okay to change it to

something like I did not have the

operation he wouldn't be here today it's

common to use never in these kinds of

sentences when this happens then

something did happen had she never

broken her leg and she did break her leg

she never would have met her husband and

she did meet her husband so whatever the

situation is perhaps her husband was a

doctor or he was at the hospital that

day she never would have met him if she

hadn't broken her leg

sometimes in response to the description

of a situation a person will say

something like this for example had I

only become a doctor and of course it

means that I didn't become a doctor had

they only saved their money which means

that they didn't save their money and

suffered some consequence had he only

known but he didn't know and the

consequences were not good and we left

earlier we'd be there by now so this

didn't happen and this is the present

situation we'd be there now but we

aren't there now and we didn't

earlier sometimes the word had goes in

the middle of the sentence and then

notice then there's no punctuation we'd

be there by now had we left earlier

you

The Description of had = if