- What's up, Karate Nerds?
In today's video, we're gonna have a look
at practical applications,
also known as bunkai in Japanese.
And we're gonna do one for each of the Pinan,
also known as the Heian kata.
Now, of course, there are unlimited applications
to the techniques that you use in these kata.
So, we're just gonna do one sequence of each kata
so that you can learn how to use these moves
in an actual self-defense situation.
All right, let's start with the first one.
We're gonna work off of the first moves you do in the kata
where you step to the side,
you do some kind of deflection,
or maybe it's a release from a wrist grab,
you follow through with a punch,
and then you do a takedown.
And naturally, these moves look
a little bit different in different styles,
but I'm gonna try to stick
to the original Okinawa execution of these kata.
So, the way you might end up in such a position
where somebody's holding your wrists
is the first thing you need to think about
because usually nobody will start grabbing your wrists
so how did you get there?
Maybe you did a bear hug,
maybe you were grappling,
and I try to go for your groin,
so you slide down to defend yourself,
and voila, we're now in this position.
Now I can pick right side or left side.
In the kata, we do it in both directions.
So I'm just gonna cross my arms, slide to the side,
and release my hands so that I can bam,
smack my opponent straight into the face,
and I crash into him, and step through with this leg
which gives me sort of a takedown advantage as well.
And then the next move is when I turn around
and do a low block.
So, I'm just gonna grab my opponent,
either here, around the mouth, on the front,
doesn't matter, the hair maybe, wherever you can grab
because there are no rules when it comes to self defense,
unless you break the law, right?
So, you grab somewhere, you turn around,
and you spin down.
And that is my low block.
Let's look at that again from another angle.
In fact, it doesn't have to be from wrist grabs.
It could be from a punch, just give me a punch.
Here, I just slide to the side,
and do the same kind of evading motion
which looks like a hammer-fist strike,
but in fact, it might be a block.
I step through and I smack my opponent in the face.
And now, look, he has his other leg to the front.
It doesn't matter because you need to be able
to adapt to each situation.
And my fist slides here now,
so I'm just gonna go like this instead
for my low block, and step around, and pull.
There's a famous saying by Gichin Funakoshi
that, "Kata is one thing, but a real fight is another."
And this means that you need to be able to adapt
each move from the kata according to each situation.
Okay, so let's move on to the next Pinan kata.
By the way, in more modern Japanese styles,
these kata are known as Heian,
but the original pronunciation is Pinan
which has Chinese origins and actually means to "stay safe",
and the modern Heian terminology
means "peace and tranquility".
These kata were actually created by Itosu Anko
whose known as the grandfather of modern karate,
and he made these kata as he spearheaded the campaign
to introduce karate into the school system in Okinawa,
and later one of his students, Funakoshi Gichin,
who helped spread karate in mainland Japan,
changed the name to Heian to make it more digestible
for regular Japanese people.
Now we're gonna focus on the shuto,
the knife or sword-hand techniques.
So, let's say somebody swings at you.
You wanna move back and cover up.
Natural responsive defensive reaction, right?
Again, I cover up, but this is not a good position,
so I circle around,
and I bam, deliver my own shuto, my sword hand,
not just using the hand,
but the whole arm
which is the old way of using the move,
straight into the neck using my whole body behind it.
Now, it could end here.
And of course, we do this on both sides in the kata.
Let's try the other side.
Defend and then I step in,
but of course, look at his natural reaction.
He wants to defend himself
so let's use that response for my next move.
Again, you attack me.
I defend, I step in, and you block.
So what I do is I now slide down
and I grab your hand, your palm, your fingers,
whatever I can grab, I stretch it out,
and I go for the third one.
One, two, three shuto techniques in the kata, bam.
And then of course from here,
we have a nukite, a spear-hand technique.
So what I do is I step behind you
and I execute a basic trip or a takedown.
For what looks like the spear-hand technique,
which of course is not,
penetrating your opponent's ribs and ripping his heart out,
but actually a takedown technique.
Let's move on to the third Pinan kata, Sandan.
Now, a lot of people like to use applications
for this weird double blocks in the beginning this way.
Give me a double strike.
Ha, and then another.
But we all know that this is not really practical.
So how could you use these types of movements
where I'm pushing down with one arm
and I'm pulling up with the other arm?
Well, have you ever seen an arm drag
where you push down and you pull up this way?
Maybe, it's more of a grappling-based technique instead
so that's what we're gonna use.
So let's say we're in a grappling-type situation
and I find a wrist.
I push it down and I pull up with the other hand.
And can you see his natural reaction this way?
He wants to move with the force
so I don't hurt his elbow.
So what I do then is I slide my other arm
on the inside,and I go behind him,
and this is my second double block.
So I'm doing this kind of threading motion with my arms
as I slide behind,
and I do the chicken wing lock,
and I choke with the other arm.
So we're in a grappling-based situation.
I find an arm, a wrist, I push and I pull,
and I slide, look, behind to then grab his neck.
And from here, it's easy to just take him down by,
for example, stomping,
careful so you don't dislocate the shoulder,
and then you might finish
by pushing this hand up using your knee,
and then maybe apply a choke if you want to.
That's up to you.
The kata only shows the first part.
How you finish it up is up to you.
For Yondan, the fourth kata,
we're gonna use also a grappling-based application.
Now, using the upper body,
you always wanna control the inside
of your opponent's arms or neck
to stay in control of these movements, right?
So that's what I'm gonna be doing here,
but I'm gonna use these moves in the beginning of the kata.
So, inside, neck control, bicep control,
doesn't matter what side
because you do it on both sides in the kata.
You pull and you push using your elbow.
You push up,
you pull down,
and trip over your foot.
Super simple foot sweep.
That's all you're doing in the beginning of the kata.
It could be, for example, that your opponent is grabbing you
and you're defending using this type of movement
this way for example, well let's say,
do a tight lynch, yeah this way.
Pull down, push up, and just pick whatever side
depending on how your opponent is standing.
I pull down, I push up,
I move to the side, and I trip.
Super simple, super effective.
Let's look at that one more time.
So one hand on the inside, other on the neck,
up, push up using your elbow this way.
This is the arm that goes up.
This hand pulls down, you shift to the side,
and you trip his front leg so he falls to the outside,
not to this side, but to that side.
Here, this way.
For the last and fifth kata,
we're gonna do a super simple move
that you see in a lot of other kata too.
And actually these Pinan katas,
as they were originally called,
consist of a plethora of applications and techniques taken
from many other older forms.
That's the way Itosu designed them
so that he can teach safer and easier alternatives
to these traditional katas to school children
as he wanted to popularize karate in its birthplace.
So, let's look at this move.
We do a high block, and you spin your hands around,
and you follow up with other techniques.
Something straight comes towards me
and I'm gonna just cover up basically like this
using what looks like the high-cross block.
And then look, I keep this contact intact
as I spin around, and push down for an elbow lock,
and then the next is easy.
You just finish him up with the following techniques.
And the cool thing about this
is actually that law enforcement officers use this move
with a gun and a flashlight
because you're holding it like this way.
And even if you have your hands occupied,
you could apply, look, let's imagine I'm holding something.
You can apply the same kind of motion
without grabbing your opponent
so I could theoretically be holding something in my hands
because you're using that connected sensitivity,
that kinesthetic awareness
to slide around your opponent's arm and force him down.
Super simple and super effective.
The key is just to have some timing.
Let's look at that one more time.
The original intent of the Pinan or Heian kata
was physical cultivation,
but the applications of the forms
can be used whenever somebody attacks to you,
to stay safe from harm
which is the original translation of the name itself.
And I hope you enjoy that.
Train hard, good luck, and have fun.