With 100's of thousands of calories stored in their belly, why are fat people hungry?
Hello everyone, I'm Butter Bob, I lost 150 pounds and made a video about how I did it
called "Butter Makes Your Pants Fall Off",
it's a funny title, but it's a serious subject about why we fat and what to do about it,
you can watch that here on my Youtube channel.
But, in this video, I'm going to talk about why fat people are hungry
and what they can do to completely control appetite.
Did you know, You could live off the fat you've saved and retire from being hungry all the time?
The problem is, this huge savings of energy called "body fat" is locked up.
People who are fat are actually rich in energy,
they have a big fat bank account of stored food, locked up around their belly,
and their butt and chinny, chin, chins.
But, for some reason, they can't make a withdrawal on that account.
It's like the crazy old man who lived on cans of cat food, because he had forgotten about the million dollars he had in the bank.
He was rich, he could have gone to the best restaurant every day and eaten the finest steak with all the trimmings,
but because he forgot he was rich, he lived off cheap cans of cat food.
This is the problem for most heavy people too.
They have a huge bank account of stored fat, but they stay hungry all the time.
They have many hundreds of thousands of calories banked away
that could keep them fed and satisfied for a long time,
yet they can't withdraw this fortune.
They don't have access to the account number, so to speak,
and without this access, the First National Bank of Belly Fat, will not let them make a withdrawal on their fortune.
Something has stolen their checkbook, something has taken their debit card
and has been using it to steal their food,
while at the same time, preventing them from making a withdrawal from their own account.
That something is chronically high insulin levels,
and before you turn me off, stick around and I'll prove what I just said to you in a few minutes.
This constant high insulin level is like a identity thief,
it takes your food and locks it away where you can't get to it.
And like an identity thief, as long as it has control, you are locked out of your Bank of Belly Fat account.
So, if you're fat, you are rich in fat, but can't use your riches.
At least you haven't been able to use them in the past.
To explain what I mean a little differently, let's look at this whole problem from a different angle.
Instead of looking at getting fat, let's look at starvation.
Famous researcher George F. Cahill was a scientist who studied human starvation.
He found out that a 154 pound man (about 70 kilos) had the following energy stored in their body.
They had about 1500 calories of stored sugar or what is called glycogen
stored in their liver and muscles,
which by the way, the body does't like to use, it likes to preserve this energy for emergencies
or for times when food is scarce.
In other words, it likes to hang onto this glycogen.
This average sized person also has about 13 to 15 lbs. (about 6 to 8 kg) of protein,
or about 25,000 calories of protein,
but Cahill points out that most of the protein is locked up in their tissues and used for processes of living
and very little of it could be used for ready energy.
Besides the body also doesn't like to use protein for energy anyway
and doesn't store extra protein for energy.
Here's the part I really want you to hear me on
Cahill found that the average person, that 154 lb person, that 70 kg person
So, we're not talking about a fat person, we're talking about a fairly trim person
That 154 lb person had 22 - 33 lbs of fat (10 to 15 kg of fat) and that trim
and that fairly trim person's fat represented between 100,000 to 150,000 calories of fat.
Cahill estimated that amount of fat was enough energy to keep that fairly trim person alive without eating for between 1 to 3 months.
That's one to three months of a total fast. Total starvation,
living on their own body fat,
Can you imagine if a 154 pound person could live 1 to 3 months on his fat,
how long could I have lived on my fat, when I was 320 pounds?
Here's a couple of pictures of me, to show you what I mean.
We really don't have to guess too much on how long a very fat person could live on all that fat,
because there's an actual experiment that was done in the 1960's that gives us an answer.
A 27 year old Scottish man FASTED for 382 days
(over a year) thirteen months without a bite to eat,
and he lost an astonishing 276 lbs, about 125 kgs.
He was 456 lbs, about 207 kgs and at the end of his fast he was 180 lbs (82 kgs).
He did this under medical supervision, so we know he didn't cheat.
You can read all about it in the notes to this video.
The study was called "Features of a successful therapeutic fast of 382 days duration"
This man's 276 lb fat belly amounted to enough fuel to keep him alive for well over a year,
And this 276 lbs of fat, about 125 kg of fat
would be close to a million calories of energy.
It's an absolutely amazingly high number.
And you know even more amazing is, to me,
Which means my 150 extra lbs that I lost, was holding at least a half a million calories of energy.
Now here's the question you have to ask yourself? If you think about this,
If 276 lbs of fat is enough energy to keep a man alive for over a year without eating?
Why are fat people ever freaking hungry?
If that fat belly has all that energy, why do fat people ever get hungry?
We can get the answer to that question from Cahill's work too.
Cahill found that so long as the body is in a fed state,
a state of being where there's food being eaten and insulin levels are high,
then all the tissues, organs and muscles of your body
use blood sugar, made from food for energy and they do not, for the most part, use fat.
This high insulin level causes the body to not only store fat, but prevent the releasing of that fat.
It also prevents the body from using the stored sugar called glycogen
and prevents the body from using of protein too.
The body is either burning mostly sugar from food or what we'll call in a "fed state",
or burning mostly fat and stored glycogen and in, what we'll call a "fasted state".
When you eat, you cause your entire body to switch over to burning sugar for several hours.
Sugar made from the food that you eat.
A few hours after you eat, somewhere between 3 hours if you have a normal insulin response,
longer if you're insulin resistant and even longer or maybe never if you snack a lot,
the process of storing calories as fat reverses.
First your liver, and your muscles and even your fat cells increasingly switch from using blood sugar from food
to using stored food, or fat, for fuel
As the insulin levels go down and insulin doesn't always go down to zero by the way,
as insulin levels drop and insulin's opposite hormone glucagon increases, more and more fat is released for fuel.
By 8 to 10 hours after eating, half the energy your muscles are using is coming from fat instead of blood sugar.
After about 10 hours or so, the levels of fat being released for energy dramatically increase
as the body increasingly switches to a using fat for energy.
If you only have very limited sugar supplies,
about enough in your blood stream to fuel the body for about one hour according to Cahill,
and if the body likes to hold onto sugar stored as glycogen for an emergency,
and if the body doesn't store extra protein for a rainy day,
and all these things are true, by the way.
but keeps most of it locked up in tissues,
then the only real source of fuel your body has without eating, is body fat.
Now if that fat is locked up because of high insulin levels or constant eating, snacking,
then you have to find a way to fuel your body.
In other words, you'll be hungry and tired,
because even though the body has a tremendous amount of energy stored in your belly,
you can't access it.
So the body tells you to eat, it makes you hungry, to supply it's energy needs.
Cahill found that starvation, or going without food,
is your body's way of switching from using blood sugar made from food, for fuel,
to using body fat for a fuel.
Insulin, or a relative lack of insulin, in relation to it's sister hormone glucagon
depending on whether or not you're feeding or fasting
is the master hormone of this process
and these are George Cahill's words, not Butter Bob Briggs words
Insulin is the master hormone of the fed or fasted state.
If you don't like that, take it up with the works of Mr. Cahill
unfortunately, he has passed away, but he's a published scientist , and some of you critics will have to take that issue up with him.
When you're eating, and it doesn't matter much what you're eating, insulin is higher
and the body is in a FED state.
While in this FED state, and this lasts for several hours after you eat, your body, your organs,
your entire body switches to exclusively using blood sugar made from food, or glucose.
Energy being released from fat is greatly reduced or even stopped during this fed state.
Listen, your body is designed to live off FAT in the absence of food.
You have fat on your body for a number of reasons, but the most important reason you
have fat is so you can survive if there was ever a time when food was scarce.
This is an important point and I want to stress this point.
Your fat is there around your belly as insurance against hard times.
But it can only, ONLY be used in any great amount WHEN YOU ARE DOING WITHOUT FOOD.
Body fat is there to FEED you when there's no food.
Therefore, if you want to get rid of body fat, you have to do what nature intended you to do,
you have to do without food for periods of time.
And to get this process started, you don't have to go without food for days on end.
The process of switching to fat can be done on a regular basis, daily even. More about that later.
The fat belly is there to provide us with food when THERE is NO FOOD.
It is there to be used when we don't eat or can't eat.
The problem for the fat person is this. If your body doesn't like to burn glycogen when insulin is up,
and it doesn't like to burn protein period,
and if higher insulin levels prevent it from releasing belly fat to burn,
and on top of all of these things, if you only have enough blood sugar in your system to fuel your body for about an hour
Where is the body supposed to get energy to continue living?
The answer is really simple, it get's it from food and drink.
That's why the hugely fat person is hungry.
It's a different story for the normal person (normal insulin level),
they have higher insulin for only about 2 hours after eating
and even their higher insulin is still not that high and we'll see that in a minute
as the person who is insulin resistant
During that short window of time, that 2 hours or so,
their body is storing fat too, just like the fat person
But, then that insulin begins to go down
and they start the process of switching over to burning fat, or fasting. Fairly quickly.
And we're going to see something that's going to show that to you in graphic terms in just a second.
But the insulin resistant person is a different story.
Their insulin levels go higher and last much longer.
As much as 4 or more hours goes by while they're waiting for these levels to go down.
All this time their body is in fat storage mode.
Their body can't burn glycogen or protein for energy during this time
and the higher insulin levels prevent their body from releasing and burning fat.
Stick with me for a minute and I'm going to show you some amazing graphics that will make all this stuff crystal clear in your mind.
So their belly is stealing their energy and leaving them hungry between meals.
Then they do the worst possible thing, they have a snack to make up for this energy loss
and cause their insulin levels to last even longer and grow even higher.
Even some of you on a low carbohydrate diet are doing this too,
you're eating and snacking, thinking the low carb food is the magic of losing weight,
but nothing is further from the truth than this.
Any eating, especially eating lean protein is just keeping you in the higher insulin zone.
You know almost all my videos are about insulin resistance and chronically high insulin levels,
which I call it's, you know, it's travelling partner in crime,
so in this video, I want you to really see what this means, so you'll understand.
A picture, or in this case a graph or two is worth a thousand words.
And I want to thank Ivor Cummings,
who by the way has the best video about cholesterol on Youtube entitled "The Cholesterol Conundrum",
Ivor, put a post about the work of Dr. Joseph Kraft on his Facebook page, and that's how I became aware of Dr. Kraft.
Dr. Kraft spent 30 years, or more, studying high insulin levels, or what doctors call "hyperinsulinemia"
in literally 10's of thousands of patients.
His work is not theory, he actually blood tested insulin levels in 10's of thousands of patients
and recorded the data for decades.
And this is what we're going to see in a few minutes,
I have links to his book and an article he wrote in the notes on my website.
Here's a look at what chronically high insulin levels look like,
I like the term high insulin level better than insulin resistance,
because high insulin actually tells you more about your situation than the term insulin resistance.
Doctors use these terms interchangeably
First let's look at a normal person, a person who doesn't have chronically high insulin levels.
This person eats, they eat and their insulin goes up like it should.
Insulin levels reach their peak at about a half an hour to an hour after eating,
Then they start falling.
But as you'll see when we get to the graphics for people with high insulin levels,
even the peak insulin level for these normal people is small in comparison.
By the third hour, their insulin levels have returned to normal fasting levels.
And just for reference sake, Dr. Kraft considered insulin between 0 and 30 microunits per ML normal fasting levels,
and these normal people only doubled that 30 microunit level to about 60 after eating.
And you're going to see in a few minutes, that people with insulin resistance, their numbers that go MUCH higher.
So, here's a graphic of the normal insulin pattern
See, it starts with a fasting level about 8, goes up to about 59, 60 and then starts dropping down by 2 hours
their back down at the top level of fasting, and by three hours they're back in the fasting level.
Now let's look at a few people who don't have this normal insulin response:
This is second one, is what Dr. Kraft calls Pattern 2 or Normal Insulin Peak but a Delayed Return to fasting levels.
Insulin levels go higher in these people, a third higher the first hour
and double the rate by the first hour after eating.
But then they are still almost triple the rate of the normal person
the second hour and don't return to normal until about the fourth hour after eating.
When we look at this graph, they start out at the fasting level, and hit 93 by the half hour.
116 which is almost double what the normal people had by the first hour
the second hour, they're still 20 points higher than the normal person was during their peak, at the second hour.
And by the third hour, they're still not down into fasting, the fasting zone.
Pattern 3 is what Dr. Kraft calls Delayed Insulin Peak.
And this is bad for people who snack after eating, by the way
Insulin levels are higher than normal throughout the hours after eating, but the highest insulin
response comes at the second or even third hour after eating.
Normal people would already have their insulin levels back down into the fasting zone by
then, but the people with this pattern 3, still have very high insulin levels in the
second and third hour after eating and don't return to normal fasting insulin levels until
after the fourth or even fifth hour after eating.
And remember, this is Dr. Kraft studying people in a controlled setting, his patients would
not have been able to grab a snack or a soft drink during those hours after the test began.
So if you had this pattern 3 and have a snack, even a high protein low carbohydrate snack,
you're just keeping your insulin levels up even longer, maybe even for most of the day.
Pattern 4 is what Dr. Kraft calls High Fasting Insulin.
Now these are the people who even before they eat,
have insulin levels almost as high as the normal person does even after they've eaten.
If you'll notice, the other patterns had a fasting insulin level of between 0 and 30 microunits/ml.
But these poor unfortunate people have fasting insulin levels above 50, this is BEFORE they ate.
Just to put this, these people into perspective
Normal people, after they eat, their insulin goes to a peak of 60
But these people maintain a level of 50 even in the fasted state.
I would guess these people would be people who would find it almost impossible to lose
weight without finding a way to reduce that fasting level.
Worst than that, when they eat their levels stay up triple the normal level of insulin
for 4 hours and never completely go to normal fasting levels even after 5 hours after eating.
Here's a graphic with the normal insulin response in light blue and the three patterns of high
insulin all together above it in yellow, orange and green.
The most interesting thing to remember from Dr. Kraft's graphics is this:
Two people sit down to eat a meal, one might have a normal insulin response to that meal
that will leave them back to normal fasting insulin levels in 3 hours.
And they won't get a very high insulin level even after they eat.
The other one might have higher insulin levels BEFORE they even start eating
and after they eat, their insulin numbers might be as high as three times the amount as their normal
eating partner and they might not be back at normal fasting levels for 5 hours or more.
Some of them, because they remain hungry even after eating because of this high insulin
response, will snack, these people will almost never be at normal fasting insulin levels.
One important note, Dr. Kraft tested the low carbohydrate diet and found that it can change
these abnormally high insulin patterns to a normal insulin pattern within a years time.
I'll link to his study in my notes.
So, from scientist George Cahill's many works, we learn that the body only releases fat when
we don't eat and insulin is low, otherwise the body remains in the fed state and uses
blood sugar from food as it's energy source.
From Dr. Joseph Kraft's work, we learn that some people release a lot more insulin than
normal and this insulin lasts MUCH longer than normal.
Cahill tells us that this high insulin causes them to not be able to use their stored glycogen,
or stored sugar, and keeps them from burning protein, which the body doesn't like to burn
anyway and most importantly of all, keeps them from burning their body fat for fuel
for hours and hours. Leaving them with about an hours worth of sugar that they have in
their blood at a time.
In other words, leaving them hungry for energy and looking for something to eat to supply that energy.
So they eat a snack and make this whole rotten vicious cycle last even longer.
Because if you eat, you raise insulin levels all over again.
What can you do about this?
Fat, your body fat is there around your middle, because your body thinks it is in a fed state all the time.
And if your insulin pattern is like these we've looked at, you probably
are in that fed state most of the hours of the day, everyday.
There's only one way, there's only one way, one way of getting this fat off, if the body
believes that fat needs to be stored and held onto because there's plenty of food, and it
does believe this if insulin remains high, then it is waiting for something.
What is it waiting for?
It's waiting for the signal that food is not available, that's what it's waiting for.
What is that signal?
Low insulin levels is that signal.
As soon as you give it that signal, that food is not available,
it will start releasing the fat. It just will,
the work of George Cahill has shown us that.
That's why so many different diets work, any
diet that restricts your calories, makes your calories really low, therefore lowing your
insulin levels, is going to send that signal, because it lowers your insulin level and this
sends the signal to release the fat.
The problem is sustainability, in a world
where food is everywhere, it's hard to sustain a low calorie diet.
Is it impossible? No. People have done it, many people have done it.
but a Low Carb, High Fat diet, the diet I used to lose 150 pounds is a diet hack,
it's a trick. It's an imitation of fasting, an imitation of starvation. Starvation itself is a situation
where circulating fat is high and insulin is low, a LCHF diet is also a situation where
circulating fat is high and insulin is lower. So what's the trick? We are restricting carbs,
and we're keeping our protein fairly low, not low enough to make us sick, and destroy our muscles,
but low, because protein has an effect on insulin that is about half that of carbs.
That's right, when you eat protein, especially some low fat, lean protein, you are actually raising your insulin
about half as much as eating carbohydrates.
We feed our body fat for a reason,
firstly, so we can have something to eat, which makes this diet sustainable.
You know trying to go without food long enough to make a difference is extremely hard to do.
But this way of eating allows you to eat.
This sustainable fat diet allows us to eat, which makes the diet easy
and the high fat part of this diet sends the signal to the body that we're not eating,
you see it's a trick, because if the body has a lot of fat circulating around inside, fat from the diet,
the body thinks it's in starvation mode already,
because if it was actually going without food, the body itself would be releasing fat.
So if we eat fat, when we do eat, it's sending the SAME signal that the body would get if
it was actually going without food.
Fat is also the food with the LEAST effect on insulin,
so insulin is kept low by the fatty food
and the very fact that fat is in the system at a higher level,
and insulin is low, sends the body the signal that it's not eating.
You see to the body, it's all the same,
if you are actually starving, insulin is low and the body is releasing fat from your belly,
so the levels of circulating fat are higher.
Eating a LCHF meal in essence tricks the body into believing that food is scarce
because insulin is low and there's fat in the system.
So this LCHF diet trick makes this diet sustainable, because we can eat during eating times, and
here's the trick, you need to find a way to not eat and this is the way.
This is the way to not eat, because when we eat a high fat, low carb and a very moderate
protein diet, it kills our appetite. BTW, even George Cahill tells us in his work that
you only need about 15% of your calories as protein. These people telling you that if
you eat fat it will prevent you from losing body fat are just plain wrong. Fat controls
the appetite because it controls insulin, but protein has half the effect on insulin
as carbs. And therefore, if the appetite is controlled by the relatively small amount
of fat we are eating - calorie wise, then we can go long periods without food, because
our body will make up the difference by releasing our stored fat from our belly.
Look, when I say eat a high fat diet, I'm not talking about eating a high calorie diet.
I'm not talking about eating sticks of butter. I'm talking about eating a high percentage
of the lower calorie diet that you will be eating as fat. A high fat percentage meal
or two, not a high calorie diet. And you don't have to worry about your calories that much,
just eat low-carb high fat, moderate protein until you're satisfied, then listen to the appetite
control that diet will give you and don't eat when not hungry. You'll end up eating
a lower calorie diet without effort or thought. Now listen, this is the trick, the not eating,
not eating, the fasting, intermittent fasting, the going without food is what the body has
been waiting for, it is the signal that tells it to get rid of the fat.
Because looking for a time when we're not eating is the whole reason it stored fat in
the first place. This fat around your belly and your
butt and chinny chin chins is there and it's been there waiting for you to NOT EAT.
And this diet makes it simple to NOT EAT.