Hi, Friends! I'm Holly,
And welcome to another English class!
Now, as you have probably noticed,
translations, at the end of the day, are approximations.
We're trying to communicate an idea, and pass it from one language to another.
but the problem is that each language has its words, its own way of expressing things
and although most words, you might say, almost directly,
there are others that require a whole series of explanations to get their real meaning across.
and sometimes, it's not even that.
It's just that each language has its holes,
and there is no specific word
that can explain the uses of a word [from another language] or the connotations that go with it.
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And for now, with no further introduction,
let's get into the list: 10 words in English that don't exist in Spanish!
Word #1 The first word that I want to mention is Struggle.
I love this word!
If you look up it's translation or definition online, the first word that will probably come up for you is "lucha,"
But "lucha" is more like fight, battle, combat, maybe,
And struggle has different connotations.
Have you heard the phrase, "The struggle is real?"
Here, struggle is a noun.
And it's referring to the effort that one makes while trying to accomplish something.
Many times, it is not immediately rewarded,
and sometimes, it's even in vain, unfortunately.
This phrase can be used to describe all of us who are following our dreams.
It's not easy. The struggle is real, yo.
It's a difficult challenge, it's a test.
I think it's interesting that this word sounds a lot like wriggle and wiggle,
Which are the movements that snakes and worms make.
Kind of like this. I'm struggling!
It makes you think of a worm
that barely manages to make progress.
Though I'm sure there are some fast worms out there, but, you know.
To be honest, we sometimes even look and feel ridiculous when we're struggling.
And it can be something literal, or something more figurative.
I'm going to give you some examples of struggle as a verb:
The fly struggled to get out of the spider web.
La mosca luchó, se esforzó por salirse de la telaraña. (The fly fought/struggled, it tried hard to get out of the spiderweb.)
Can you picture that little fly?
Here, we can see that the word struggle doesn't always imply that the subject will be successful.
And we can also see that struggle can be an attempt to get out of your misery.
And not just the attempt. Trying to take the necessary steps.
And we come back to the fact that it isn't easy.
How's your new job?
I'm really struggling.
¿Cómo va tu nuevo trabajo?
Estoy sufriendo. Me está costando muchísimo trabajo adaptarme. (I'm suffering. It's taking me a lot of effort to get used to it).
I still struggle with the subjunctive in Spanish.
Me sigue costando trabajo el modo subjuntivo en español. The subjunctive mode continues to require a lot of effort for me.
I struggle to see your point.
Me está costando trabajo ver tu punto.
The second word that doesn't exist in Spanish is toe.
When I found out that Spanish didn't have a word for toe,
I couldn't believe it.
What's interesting about languages is that we tend to have a preference for our first language, obviously.
This is the context where we first begin to understand the world that surrounds us.
And when in your first langauge, it's really straightforward to explain something,
It can seem funny to you not to have a word for the same concept in your second language.
This is how I felt about the word, toe.
Do you know what it means?
Dedo del pie. (Finger or digit of the foot.)
Why is this so funny or strange?
I think it's because in English, the word for fingers,
has absolutely nothing to do with feet.
Fingers are associated with something clean,
You eat your fingers to eat, to comb your hair, to write,
So, to think of fingers on the feet,
It's just weird!
Besides, what a drag to have to use 5 syllables to say something that only takes one syllable in English.
In other words,
Ain't nobody got time for that.
Imagine that you're walking around the house, and you trip.
In English, you can just say, "Ow! I stubbed my toe!"
In Spanish, you'd have to say, "¡Auch, me machuqué el dedo del pie!"
That's why some people just swear, and leave it at that.
And, by the way, for this one here,
in Spanish we have to say, the big finger of the foot.
When in English it's just big toe.
I love it. (Me encanta)
And so friends, that's it for the list of 10 words in English that don't exist in Spanish.
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I hope you've really enjoyed this video!
Don't forget that I'll also have the link to the video in English
so that you can also watch it and practice your English.
and, of course, in the future, I'll be talking about the list of 10 words in Spanish that don't exist in English.
If you have any suggestions, you can put them in the comments.
I'm Holly, that's all for now! Thanks for joining me, and we'll see each other again very soon!