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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Multi-word verbs: Intro

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hello everyone I'm Nick Shepherd welcome

this is not really a video more of a

blog it's a short text to help you

understand a little bit multi word verbs

okay here we go

one what is a multi word verb well there

are two elements and sometimes three in

a multi word verb

there's the verb and then the second

word which is sometimes an adverb and

sometimes a preposition some examples

when it's an adverb I can put you up for

the night the plane took off the

terrorists blew the place up up off and

up I read verbs then the other group

prepositions I insist on an answer they

agree with our idea the doctor attended

to him there the on the width of the two

are prepositions to general and specific

meaning look at these examples all with

get she got up that's probably from a

bed or a chair or something she got over

it

probably an illness or a bad time but

could even be a wall if you take it

literally the verb gives a sense of

movement or change but it is the

particle that gives the precise meaning

verbs general and the particle makes it

specific it's not exactly the one is

more important than the other they're

just two different things they have

different jobs number three the two main

kinds of multi-word verb first of all we

got phrasal verbs the terrorist blew up

the embassy and you can change the word

order and say the terrorists blew the

embassy up but the prepositional verb

you can't change the order the wind blew

up the street but you can't say the wind

blew the street up three B word order in

phrasal verbs well as I said above you

you can say he wrote the answer down or

he wrote down the answer but when it's a

pronoun you can only do it by dividing

the verb and the adverb you can say he

wrote it down but you can't say he wrote

down it you can only do that with a noun

or a noun phrase you can't do it with a

pro now

I'm moving on to number 4 from literal

to metaphorical these phrasal verbs were

the second word is an adverb are used

for a range of meanings and here's an

example the verb put up can be used

literally she put the poster up on the

wall for example or he put up his hand

so he put his hand up or you can use it

metaphorically he put up the prices

meaning increased or he put me up for

the night

meaning accommodated or he put up a

fight he resisted so the range of

meaning goes from quite literal

interpretation of the verb in the adverb

and a much more metaphorical one okay

moving on to number five prepositional

verbs with prepositional verbs so the

verb is usually the night to say always

the all-important word which decides the

meaning so she dealt with the problem

it's about dealing I insist on you're

staying for lunch it's about insisting

they object to the wall it's about

objecting so the preposition is

essential and you can't change it but it

doesn't really add very much to the

meaning though it does sometimes as

always in language sometimes the

preposition is an essential part of the

meaning so I'm looking for a new

secretary he's very different in meaning

from he looked after the baby and the

last one number six formality there are

often single word equivalents of phrasal

verbs and the reason a certain sorry

these are often more formal as these

examples show sort out you can also say

organize get off a train you can say a

light and that's what they say when you

when you are on the underground it says

a light here for London Hospital for

example get off a bicycle or dismount is

what it says on the signs put up Lodge

or accommodate now there's often a

tendency to prefer to use the more

formal verb usually Latin origin but

you've got to remember these phrasal

verbs are very common and they're what

we mostly use we mostly prefer them to

the formal often

latin equivalents okay that's all for

now

hope you found it useful and thanks for

listening

you

The Description of Multi-word verbs: Intro