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Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Poetry Critical Appreciation "TOADS" Philip Larkin, UGC/NET/JRF/MA/BA

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on English literature

[Music]

hello and welcome to miracle English

language and literature Institute I'm

Professor Abba Sharma and in the segment

of poetry critical appreciation I'm

taking up toads written by Philip Lawton

this boy was written on 16th of March in

1954 and was published in the less

deceived 1955 the boy voices a fleeting

resentment against routine work the poet

is tired he's frustrated so he's trying

to escape from the tyranny of work and

also to continue working so these are

two contradicting thoughts and in the

end he would like to draw or to come to

a compromise where he can continue with

both so let's take up the poem why

should I let the toad work squat on my

life can't I use my wit as a pitchfork

and write the root of all so the opens

with a rhetorical question the point

debates over at asking why should he

continue to bear the burdens of work and

why should he let the work over for him

the toad work has settled in the scratch

position on his life so in the other

words he's trying to say that he's bored

of the mechanical monotonous routine of

everyday life he was working as a sub

librarian and then he applied for the

library in London I suppose and he

worked as a librarian for 30 years until

his death so he talks about the work of

a librarian which is which seems to be

harder than the other occupations he

that we would discuss later in the

stanzas so he says that can't he use his

wit as a pitchfork Conti uses

intelligence to try this

difficult to work away route of batters

the toad all now he has to work day and

night so he talks about the same in the

next stanza six days the wicked soils

with the sickening poison just for being

a few bills that's out of proportion now

he talks that about the salary he gets

and the payments he has to make that is

the bills and they both are out of

proportion that means a salary is less

and the bills are more so it works as a

poison that means his he's wasting away

his time his life working day and night

in a mechanical way he's finishing

himself by working so much and that too

is not enough for pain few bills lots of

folk live on the bridge lecturers

lispers losers

loblolly men loads they don't end as

paupers now he draws a comparison or

contrast between his work and the works

of lecturers lispers and on so here he's

using lots of L all the occupations are

listed as L so maybe subconscious being

he's bringing out his own surname here

as latin so lecturers and lisp as they

are witty people they have know the art

of speaking or say and the lecturers

they go to university and they just give

a lecture come back so their work seems

to be more easy same way looses loblolly

men of people who do not have that much

of respect they are from the downtrodden

section of the society but still they

work something they get the money they

are well off they don't end as paupers

the people who are uncomfortable who

have so much of blackness who are forced

to beg

so he talks about these people who are

having an easy way of earning lots of

folk live uh planes with fires in a

bucket eat windfalls and tinned sardines

they seem to like it no he talks about

of the beggars who live on the roadsides

the people who are homeless they don't

have proper kitchens their fires are in

the bucket that means temporary ones and

they eat whatever they get thrown away

tins with stale fish or whatever is left

out by other people

they are pretty comfortable eating all

that stale food they do not die with

hunger the nippers have got their feet

their unspeakable wives are skinny as

whippets and yet no one actually stops

so here he says that the children are

bare feet they don't have shoes they

don't have enough of facilities their

wives do not not for money they don't

speak and they're skinny and they do not

starve they do not have enough of food

they are like whippets the street dogs

who run here and there so they are also

like those street animals who get

whatever they get to eat there but they

are pretty comfortable they do not

bother about earning more or say eating

more or they eat whatever they get ah

what I courageous enough to shout stuff

your pension but I know all too well

that's the stuff that dreams are made on

now he says that he doesn't have the

courage to quit his job to ask his

employer to keep his pension with him

he's no more bothered with this work or

the salary so but he doesn't have the

guts to do it because his dreams are

made on

this money which he is earning through

the hard labor for something

sufficiently toad-like scrat's and me

too it's hunkers heavy as hard luck and

cold as fall he talks about another toad

which is sitting inside him something

sufficiently don't like scratching me

now one toad is sitting on his back that

is the work that is the history that is

his job which is making him work day and

night but there is something inside him

also there's another toad which is as

hard as his hard luck and cold as snow

there are these similes here and the

complete expression is through the

metaphor of toads this is also not

letting him quit the job or to move

forward and all I will never allow me to

learn a my way of getting the fame and

the girl and the money all at once

sitting know this toad inside is not

letting him work in the manner where he

can get the fame and the girl and the

money see these three things he feels

important in life Fame good relationship

and of course money so all these three

things cannot be earned in one sitting

he has to lose one for the other

so he's working hard and night there is

something inside him there is something

something outside of him so these two

you know next he says that I don't say

one bodies the other ones spiritual

truth but I do say it's hard to lose

either when you have four he doesn't

think that the outside toad is an M

bah diamond of the inside - he doesn't

work hard because of the outside forces

his conscience within him also urges him

to work hard but he is in a position to

say that it is difficult for him to get

rid of either of the compelling forces

so these two have a simultaneous

existence leave leaving him no choice

except to continue working now as I

already told you it has got the rhyme

scheme of a B a B nine stanzas and he's

taken up the alphabet L in the stanzas

ways he's comparing his shop with other

people's job so in a way this one is

about the spiritual truth of working of

what you want from inside and when you

try to fulfill your dreams your inner

aspirations the outside world seems to

overpower you so all these things are

combined together

it's a moment poetry it is written in a

very simple language but still it is

very deep the elements here are not so

easy there is a good imagery he talks

about different people he talks about

the people who live on the road were

pretty comfortable with the style of

life they are living whereas he has so

many dreams in contrast to the life he

is living so this way he has expressed

his frustration his very nurse

the morning life I hope you must have

liked the poem please read it again and

do come out with your views to comment

like subscribe

and of course wait for my next one thank

you so much

[Music]

you

you

The Description of Poetry Critical Appreciation "TOADS" Philip Larkin, UGC/NET/JRF/MA/BA