Follow US:

Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Rebellion

(0)
Difficulty: 0

(DYNAMIC ROCK MUSIC)

Narrator: OVER 100 YEARS AGO, AT THE CLOSE

OF WORLD WAR I, BRITAIN'S MONARCHY FELT UNDER THREAT.

MORE THAN EIGHT MONARCHS HAD FALLEN ACROSS EUROPE,

AND BRITAIN'S RULING CLASSES FEARED REVOLUTION.

OH YEAH

Narrator: ANXIETY ABOUT THIS NEW DEMOCRACY

WENT ALL THE WAY TO THE THRONE.

Beckett: IT'S REALLY QUITE CLEAR WHAT KING GEORGE V WAS THINKING,

THE SURVIVAL OF THE FAMILY BUSINESS.

Narrator: THE KING WOULD REBRAND THE MONARCHY,

SENDING HIS CHILDREN OUT TO WIN OVER THE PUBLIC

AND HELP SAVE THE FAMILY BUSINESS.

TA TA

Narrator: FIRST THERE WAS PRINCE EDWARD,

THE CHARISMATIC HEIR.

OH YEAH

Brendon: HE WAS STUNTING, HE WAS ENGAGING IN GOOD PROPAGANDA

AS HE SAID, TERMS WHICH INFURIATED KING GEORGE V.

Narrator: NEXT IN LINE WAS PRINCE BERTIE,

THE SHY RETIRING SPARE.

PRINCE HENRY WAS THE MILITARY MAN,

THEN CAME PRINCE GEORGE THE FAMILY DARLING,

AND THE ONLY GIRL IN THIS WINDSOR PACK

WAS LOYAL PRINCESS MARY.

Riddell: IF YOU CAN THINK THE MOST EXTREME SHOW MUM,

THAT'S HOW QUEEN MARY IS.

HER DAUGHTER IS THIS PERFORMANCE PIECE OF ROYALTY.

Narrator: NOW NEVER-BEFORE-SEEN

LETTERS AND DIARIES

BELONGING TO THE YOUNG ROYALS,

QUEEN ELIZABETH II'S FATHER, AUNT, AND UNCLES

REVEAL THEIR HIDDEN STORY THROUGH ABDICATION,

WAR, AND DEEP FAMILY DIVISIONS.

Riddell: THIS IS A LETTER THAT EDWARD WRITES TO MARY.

"MY DARLING MARY, I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW I FEEL

"FOR YOU KEPT ALMOST IN PRISON AT BUCK HOUSE."

OH YEAH

WE NEVER GET WINDOWS LIKE THIS INTO THE ROYAL FAMILY.

Narrator: THE YOUNG ROYALS WOULD BE SUBJECTED

TO UNPRECEDENTED SCRUTINY AND BEHIND THE FACADE,

THEIR PERSONAL LIVES WERE POTENTIAL BOMBSHELLS.

Warwick: HE WAS SAILING VERY, VERY CLOSE TO THE WIND.

Cadbury: YOU KNOW, MEN, WOMEN, HE DIDN'T DISCRIMINATE.

Lewis: THE FACT THAT HE WAS A ROYAL PRINCE

WHO MIGHT HAVE FATHERED AN ILLEGITIMATE CHILD

IS SIMPLY EXTRAORDINARY.

Warwick: THE POTENTIAL FOR DISASTER WAS HUGE.

Narrator: BEHIND THE ROYAL FACADE,

A FAMILY DRAMA WOULD PLAY OUT,

AND THE PARTS THESE SIBLINGS PLAYED IN IT

WOULD SHAPE THE MONARCHY WE KNOW TODAY.

Brendon: "UNLESS HE MENDED HIS WAYS WOULD SOON BECOME

"NO FIT WEARER OF THE BRITISH CROWN."

(BIRDS CHIRPING)

(UPBEAT MUSIC)

Narrator: HAREWOOD HOUSE IN YORKSHIRE WAS ONCE

THE MARITAL HOME OF PRINCESS MARY, THE ONLY DAUGHTER

OF QUEEN MARY AND KING GEORGE V.

MARY WAS SISTER TO TWO OF BRITAIN'S MOST FAMOUS KINGS,

EDWARD, WHO THE FAMILY CALLED DAVID,

THE ONE WHO WOULD ABDICATE, AND ALBERT,

WHO THE FAMILY CALLED BERTIE,

THE ONE WHO WOULD REPLACE HIM.

SHE WAS ALSO AUNTIE TO QUEEN ELIZABETH II.

IT IS HERE AT HAREWOOD HOUSE THAT MARY'S COLLECTION

OF LETTERS, DIARIES, AND PHOTOGRAPHS

REVEAL THE HIDDEN STORY OF THE SIBLINGS

WHO WOULD CONFORM AND REBEL ACROSS THREE DECADES.

Edward VO: "MY DARLING MARY, I WAS SO PLEASED

"TO GET YOUR DEAR LETTER.

"I CAN'T TELL YOU HOW MUCH I FEEL FOR YOU

"KEPT ALMOST IN PRISON AT BUCK HOUSE.

"IT'S NOT MAMA THAT KEEPS US IN.

"ONLY PAPA AND HE REALLY DOES LEAD

"A WRETCHED, DREARY LIFE.

"ALL MY BEST LOVE TO YOU, DARLING MARY,

"AND I REMAIN, EVER YOUR VERY, VERY DEVOTED DAVID."

Ridell: I THINK ONE OF THE MOST EXCITING THINGS ABOUT THIS

IS THIS IS THE FIRST TIME WE'VE EVER HAD ACCESS

TO MARY'S PERSONAL ARCHIVE AND HER LETTERS.

WHAT WAS SUCH A REVELATION REALLY IS THIS CONNECTION

TO HER OLDER BROTHER, TO EDWARD.

IT'S OBVIOUS THAT WHEN THEY'RE YOUNG

EDWARD FEELS INTENSELY PROTECTIVE OF MARY.

(SOMBER MUSIC)

Brendon: ONE ROYAL FUNCTIONARY SAID,

"THE WINDSORS WERE LIKE DUCKS.

"THEY TRAMPLED ON THEIR CHILDREN."

AND THEY TREATED THEIR CHILDREN WITH STRICTNESS

BORDERING ON BRUTALITY.

Carter: EDWARD TALKS ABOUT HOW,

WHEN GEORGE WASN'T THERE,

QUEEN MARY WAS A MUCH WARMER PARENT.

HE HAS THESE MEMORIES OF GOING TO HER ROOM

IN THE EARLY EVENING BEFORE DINNER

WHEN THEY GET TO SORT OF BRUSH HER HAIR

AND SHE READS THEM STORIES.

HE FEELS HIS FATHER SORT OF TOOK

HIS MOTHER AWAY FROM THEM.

Cadbury: THERE WAS NOTHING MORE DISCONCERTING

TO THE SPIRIT AS HE PUT IT

THAN A SUMMONS TO HIS FATHER'S LIBRARY.

AND THIS WAS APPROACHED DOWN A DARKENED HALLWAY

THAT SEEMED TO SOMEHOW SUMMON UP THE OPPRESSED SPIRIT

OF HIS FATHER.

THIS WAS THE ROOM IN WHICH THE CHILDREN LEARNED

THE MEANING OF FEAR.

Riddell: THAT KIND OF IDEA THAT WE SLOWLY START TO BUILD

IS THAT THE CHILDREN ARE ALMOST MAKING

THEIR OWN LITTLE WORLD AND ARE TALKING TO ONE ANOTHER

AS COMPANIONS AND AS CONFIDANTES

AS KIND OF A WAY TO DEAL WITH THE WORLD

THEY FIND THEMSELVES IN.

Narrator: BY THE TIME THEY REACHED THEIR TEENAGE YEARS,

THE KING AND QUEEN HAD PACKED ALL OF THE BOYS OFF

TO BOARDING SCHOOLS LEAVING THEIR SISTER MARY ALONE.

Carter: MARY LIVES THIS INCREDIBLY SHELTERED,

I THINK STULTIFYING, LIFE,

IN WHICH AT THE AGE HER BROTHERS ARE ALL ALLOWED

TO START LEAVING, SHE HAS TO STAY BEHIND

AND DO WHATEVER HER PARENTS WANT.

I THINK ALL THE CHILDREN WERE IN ONE WAY OR ANOTHER

PSYCHOLOGICALLY DAMAGED BY THEIR UPBRINGING.

AND YOU WILL SEE THIS PLAY OUT IN THEIR ADULT LIVES.

(GENTLE MUSIC)

Narrator: BUT 100 YEARS AGO, AS WORLD WAR I

CAME TO AN END, KING GEORGE V WOULD NEED

TO CALL UPON HIS CHILDREN TO HELP HIM SAVE

THE FAMILY BUSINESS.

AT LEAST EIGHT MONARCHS HAD FALLEN ACROSS EUROPE

INCLUDING SOME OF KING GEORGE V'S FIRST COUSINS.

(MOVING TO TENSE MUSIC)

Cadbury: MONARCHY STOOD EXPOSED.

THERE WAS AN ATMOSPHERE OF DISINTEGRATION AND THREAT.

PEOPLE CAME BACK FROM THE GREAT WAR

THEIR LIVES HAD BEEN WRECKED.

Brendon: THERE WAS A HOUSING CRISIS,

THERE WAS AN ECONOMIC CRISIS.

Beckett: THERE WAS AN ENORMOUS DISILLUSIONMENT

WITH EVERYTHING THAT HAD HAPPENED.

A WHOLE GENERATION WAS SAYING

WE ARE NOT GOING TO TOLERATE

THE SORT OF GROTESQUE INEQUALITY THAT EXISTED

BEFORE WE WENT ON THE WAR.

THE WAR HAS CHANGED EVERYTHING.

(SOMBER MUSIC)

Narrator: IN 1918, MILLIONS OF WORKING CLASS MEN,

AND EVEN MANY WOMEN, WERE GIVEN THE VOTE AS THANKS

FOR THEIR PART IN THE WAR EFFORT

BUT ALSO TO STAVE OFF THE POTENTIAL THREAT THEY POSED

TO THE ELITE.

Cadbury: THERE WAS A REAL POWER SHIFT.

UNTIL THIS TIME THE UPPER CLASSES,

THE GENTRY, PEOPLE WITH LAND HAD REALLY RULED

AND NOW WORKING PEOPLE HAD GOT A VOICE

AND NO ONE KNEW QUITE WHAT THEY WERE GOING TO DO WITH IT.

Brendon: ONE TRADE UNION LEADER SAID,

"HE LOOKED TO THE TIME WHEN THE RED FLAG WOULD FLY

"OVER BUCKINGHAM PALACE."

Narrator: IT WAS UNCHARTED WATER FOR THE MONARCHY.

THEY, ABOVE ALL OTHERS, WOULD NEED TO REFLECT

THIS NEW DEMOCRACY, AND IMAGE WOULD BE EVERYTHING.

(LILTING MUSIC)

Carter: KING GEORGE REALIZES

THAT IF HE'S GONNA HOLD ON TO THE THRONE,

HE HAS REALLY GOT TO SELL THE ROYAL FAMILY

TO THE POPULATION OF BRITAIN.

THEY HAVE TO GO OUT TO WIN OVER HEARTS AND MINDS.

Narrator: ONE OF THE FIRST STEPS IN THE KING'S REBRAND

HAD BEEN TO CHANGE THE FAMILY NAME

FROM THE GERMAN SAXE-COBURG-GOTHA

TO THE QUINTESSENTIALLY BRITISH WINDSOR.

THEN, THE KING WOULD USE HIS CHILDREN

TO HELP FRONT THE CAMPAIGN.

PRINCE BERTIE, WHO BECAME KNOWN

AS THE INDUSTRIAL PRINCE, WAS DISPATCHED

TO THE FACTORY FLOORS WHICH HAD BEEN THE ENGINE

OF THE WAR EFFORT.

PRINCE HENRY, AN ARMY MAN HIMSELF,

SAW TO HIS LOT, THE SOLDIERS RETURNING HOME

FROM THE FRONT WHO HAD SACRIFICED SO MUCH.

AND PRINCESS MARY, WHO HAD TRAINED AS A NURSE

DURING THE WAR GAVE THANKS TO THE WOUNDED

AND THOSE WHO CARED FOR THEM

ALONGSIDE HER MOTHER THE QUEEN.

Carter: BUT THE SECRET WEAPON (LIVELY MUSIC)

THAT THE FAMILY LAUNCHES ON THE WORLD IS EDWARD.

Mort: THE KING IS KEEN FOR EDWARD TO CIRCULATE THE EMPIRE

AND THAT'S WHAT HE DOES.

HE BECOMES THE AMBASSADOR OF EMPIRE.

Narrator: THE BRITISH EMPIRE WAS AT ITS PEAK POST-WAR

BUT LIKE AT HOME STARTING TO SHOW DANGEROUS DIVISIONS.

IT WOULD BE EDWARD'S JOB AS SON AND HEIR

TO SHORE UP HIS FATHER'S EMPIRE, WHICH MADE UP

ALMOST A QUARTER OF THE WORLD'S LANDMASS

AND WHOSE PEOPLE HAD MADE A HUGE CONTRIBUTION

TO THE WAR EFFORT.

Brendon: EDWARD, ON THESE TOURS, WAS A HUGE SUCCESS.

HE HAD GLAMOR, HE HAD AN ABILITY ACTUALLY

TO RELATE TO PEOPLE.

HE MADE A CONSCIOUS EFFORT TO STEP DOWN

OFF THE PEDESTAL.

HIS FATHER HAD ALWAYS OCCUPIED THE PEDESTAL

BUT HE THOUGHT IN THE NEW AGE,

ROYAL PERSONAGES SHOULD BE MORE ACCESSIBLE TO DEMOCRACY.

(GENTLE MUSIC)

Phillips: FILM AND RADIO WERE MODERN, RELATIVELY SPEAKING.

EDWARD JUST HAD THE RIGHT INSTINCTS, THE RIGHT LOOK,

THE RIGHT PERSONALITY, TO PROJECT HIMSELF.

Brendon: HE WAS GREAT FOR THE PART.

HE WAS STUNTING, HE WAS PRINCING,

HE WAS ENGAGING IN GOOD PROPAGANDA AS HE SAID,

TERMS WHICH INFURIATED KING GEORGE V, BACK THEN.

NO, THAT'S NOT WHAT WE ARE DOING AT ALL HERE.

BUT THAT WAS WHAT HE WAS DOING,

THAT WAS HIS ATTITUDE TOWARDS IT.

Kaul: WELL, EDWARD AND THE WINDSORS

WERE REALLY IN ONE SENSE MADE BY THE MODERN MEDIA.

FOR THE MONARCHY IT WAS ABOUT PERCEPTION

AND THE CREATION OF A CERTAIN IMAGE.

BUT FOR THE POPULAR PRESS, THE DAILY MAILS

AND THE DAILY EXPRESSES THE ONES SELLING

A MILLION AND MORE COPIES A DAY,

THIS WAS A SYMBIOTIC RELATIONSHIP.

(UPBEAT MUSIC)

Brendon: THE FLIPSIDE OF THE HUGELY SUCCESSFUL PR CAMPAIGN

WAS THAT, BEHIND THE SCENES,

EDWARD WAS LIVING FOR PLEASURE.

HE WAS HAVING AFFAIRS, HE WAS DRINKING, HE WAS SMOKING,

AND THIS DID NOT GET INTO THE BRITISH PRESS.

THE BRITISH PRESS PORTRAYED HIM AS AN IMMACULATE FIGURE.

Narrator: WHILE THE EMPIRE WOULD BE SOLD

ON THEIR MODERN PRINCE, HIS SISTER PRINCESS MARY WAS NOW 22

STILL AT HOME WITH HER PARENTS,

AND A TARGET FOR THE PRESS.

THEY REPORTED HER ENGAGEMENT

TO AN ELIGIBLE FRIEND OF HER BROTHER,

EVEN THOUGH IT WASN'T TRUE.

Riddell: SO THIS IS MARY'S DIARY ENTRY

AND SHE SAYS, "THE DAILY EXPRESS PUT AN ANNOUNCEMENT

"IN THEIR PAPER THIS MORNING

"THAT THEY WERE ABLE TO ANNOUNCE MY ENGAGEMENT

"TO LORD DALKEITH.

"I AM FURIOUS ABOUT IT,

"AND THINK IT VERY UNFAIR TOWARDS US BOTH

"AS THERE IS NOT A WORD OF TRUTH IN IT."

MARY CANNOT EVEN SPEAK TO A MAN IT SEEMS

WITHOUT TABLOID GOSSIP.

HER LIFE WILL NEVER BE HER OWN

AND HER FURY AT THE DAILY EXPRESS

IS KIND OF A FLASH OF WHO SHE REALLY IS.

SO THIS IS EDWARD TO HIS MISTRESS,

FREDA DUDLEY WARD.

HE SAYS, "MY SISTER, GOD, IF WE COULD ONLY GET HER MARRIED

"AND SAVE HER FROM COMPLETE RUINATION

"AND GET HER AWAY FROM COURT

"BUT HEAVEN KNOWS HOW ANY MAN WILL EVER SEE ENOUGH OF HER

"TO FALL IN LOVE AND TAKE HER.

"AND, OF COURSE, MY SISTER'S FUTURE

"HAS BEEN A GREAT WORRY TO ME FOR SOME TIME,

"THE FOUL WAY MY FATHER TREATS HER IN IMPRISONING HER

"AT COURT AND NOT LETTING HER LEAD A NORMAL LIFE."

I MEAN, YOU CAN JUST SEE HIS DESPERATION FOR HER

AND ALSO HIS COMPLETE REJECTION OF COURT LIFE,

COMPLETE REJECTION OF THE WORLD OF HIS PARENTS.

(LIVELY MUSIC)

Narrator: MARY WOULD HAVE TO WAIT TWO MORE YEARS

TO FINALLY MEET HER MATCH.

SHE BECAME ENGAGED TO VISCOUNT LASCELLES,

ONE OF THE WEALTHIEST LANDOWNERS IN BRITAIN.

Mary VO: "DARLING GEORGE, IMAGINE MY SURPRISE

"YESTERDAY EVENING WHEN HE ASKS ME

"WHETHER I WILL MARRY HIM.

"HE IS 39 AND I AM 24.

"HE IS CHARMING AND VERY INTELLIGENT.

"I'M VERY LUCKY IN HAVING SUCH A PARTICULARLY NICE MAN

"AS A FIANCE."

Carter: MY HUNCH IS THAT MARY DIDN'T REALLY HAVE

ANY SAY IN WHO SHE MARRIED, PARTLY BECAUSE OF WHO SHE WAS.

YOU KNOW SHE'D BASICALLY BEEN BROUGHT UP

TO BE VERY BIDDABLE AND SHE WAS.

Riddell: IF YOU CAN THINK KIND OF THE MOST EXTREME SHOW MUM.

THAT'S HOW QUEEN MARY IS.

HER DAUGHTER IS THIS PERFORMANCE PIECE OF ROYALTY.

Narrator: AND THE FIRST MAJOR WINDSOR WEDDING

WOULD SELL THE FAIRY TALE BACK TO THEIR PEOPLE.

(FLOURISHES MUSIC)

AT THE BEGINNING OF THE 1920S,

BRITAIN'S ROYAL FAMILY WERE ON A CHARM OFFENSIVE

TO PROTECT THE MONARCHY AND EDWARD,

SON AND HEIR, BECAME CHIEF POSTER BOY

FOR HIS FATHER'S EMPIRE.

Announcer: THE PRINCE HAS VISITED INDIA

AND HIS ARRIVAL IN CALCUTTA WAS THE SIGNAL

FOR FURTHER GREAT DEMONSTRATIONS OF LOYALTY.

(GENTLE DRUMMING MUSIC)

Narrator: BY THE TIME HE REACHED INDIA IN 1921,

PRINCE EDWARD HAD SPENT TWO YEARS TOURING THE EMPIRE,

BUT ALL WAS NOT AS THE ROYAL PRESS REELS

WOULD PROMOTE IN THE JEWEL OF THE IMPERIAL CROWN.

Kaul: INDIA, AFTER THE FIRST WORLD WAR,

WAS A SEETHING CAULDRON OF DISAFFECTION.

SO THIS IS THE AMBASSADOR OF EMPIRE

BEING PARACHUTED INTO A VERY DIFFICULT, VOLATILE SITUATION

AND BEING WELL AWARE THAT THERE WOULD BE OPPOSITION

ON THE STREETS TO HIS VISIT

SUCH THAT HE HAD PROBABLY NEVER FACED BEFORE

WHEN HE HAD GONE TO THE LOYAL DOMINIONS.

Phillips: SENDING EDWARD OUT ON REALLY GRUELING TOURS

OF THE EMPIRE WAS ONE THING

BUT NOWHERE IS THERE ANY SIGN THAT GEORGE V

TRIED TO TRAIN HIM IN THE ACTUAL JOB

OF BEING A KING RATHER THAN BEING A PARADE HORSE.

Brendon: INDIA HAD CONTRIBUTED GREATLY

TO THE FIRST WORLD WAR IN BLOOD AND IN TREASURE

AND IT HOPED TO GET ITS REWARD IN THE SHAPE

OF SOME KIND OF INDEPENDENCE.

THIS WAS NOT GIVEN, AND INDEED THE BRITISH

CRACKED DOWN ON DEMONSTRATORS

WHO WERE CAMPAIGNING FOR INDEPENDENCE

LED BY MAHATMA GHANDI.

ONE OF THE TERRIBLE RESULTS (SOMBER MUSIC)

OF THIS WAS THE MASSACRE AT AMRITSAR.

Narrator: A BRITISH OFFICER IN THE HOLY CITY OF AMRITSAR

HAD ORDERED TROOPS TO FIRE ON UNARMED CIVILIANS

DEEMED TO BE VIOLATING COLONIAL RULE.

379 PEOPLE WERE REPORTED KILLED.

THE INDIAN NATIONAL CONGRESS ESTIMATED THE NUMBER

WAS AS MANY AS 1,000.

Kaul: NOW, THIS EPISODE HAS GONE DOWN

AS ONE OF THE DARKEST EPISODES IN THE HISTORY

OF THE BRITISH EMPIRE.

Brendon: GHANDI REGARDED THE BRITISH EMPIRE

AS A SATANIC EMPIRE

AS A RESULT OF THE AMRITSAR MASSACRE

AND HE SAID THAT THERE SHOULD BE A BOYCOTT

OF THE ROYAL TOUR WHICH THERE WAS.

(SAD INDIAN MUSIC)

Kaul: EDWARD'S VISIT BECOMES POLITICALLY CHARGED

AND THEREFORE PROPAGANDA AND PERCEPTION

BECOMES REALLY IMPORTANT.

SO WHATEVER THE REALITY, THE GOVERNMENT WAS VERY CONCERNED

TO SHOW INDIANS WELCOMING THEIR PRINCE.

THIS WASN'T THE CASE.

Narrator: BUT EDWARD WAS NO FOOL.

HE KNEW HE WAS THE SUBJECT OF PROPAGANDA.

Edward VO: "LET ME TELL YOU AT ONCE

"THAT THE NEWSPAPER ACCOUNTS HAVE ALMOST INVARIABLY

BEEN HOPELESSLY EXAGGERATED.

"PEOPLE AT HOME ARE BEING GIVEN A WRONG IMPRESSION.

"THIS TOUR IS BY NO MEANS THE TRIUMPHAL PROGRESS

"THAT IS REPORTED TO BE AT HOME."

Kaul: THERE IS THIS CLASH OF BOTH PERSONALITY

AND A SENSE OF DUTY BETWEEN FATHER AND SON.

GEORGE V SAYS TO HIM, "IF YOU HADN'T GONE,

"THEN EVERYBODY WOULD HAVE BELIEVED

"THAT THE BRITISH RAJ WAS AT AN END,"

BECAUSE THE IMPRESSION WOULD HAVE BEEN THAT INDIA

WAS SO DISLOYAL THAT THE PRINCE OF WALES,

THE SON OF THE KING EMPEROR, COULD NOT VISIT.

Narrator: AND EDWARD HAD ALREADY MADE HIS PERSONAL VIEWS

ON HIS PUBLIC ROLE CLEAR.

Brendon: "CHRIST HOW I LOATHE MY JOB NOW

"AND ALL THE PRESS PUFFED, EMPTY SUCCESS.

"I FEEL I'M THROUGH WITH IT AND LONG TO DIE.

"FOR GOD'S SAKE DON'T BREATHE A WORD

"OF THIS TO A SOUL.

"NO ONE ELSE MUST KNOW HOW I FEEL ABOUT MY LIFE."

Narrator: EDWARD WOULD REMAIN ON TOUR

FOR THE REST OF THE YEAR AND WOULD BE FORCED TO MISS

THE FIRST MAJOR WINDSOR WEDDING,

(UPBEAT MUSIC)

HIS SISTER MARY TO VISCOUNT LASCELLES.

Carter: THE ROYAL FAMILY TOOK ADVANTAGE

OF THIS WEDDING TO SELL THE MONARCHY.

Narrator: MARY WOULD BE THE FIRST CHILD

OF A REIGNING MONARCH TO MARRY AT WESTMINSTER ABBEY

SINCE A DAUGHTER OF EDWARD I OVER 600 YEARS BEFORE.

Carter: AND OF COURSE NOW WE HAVE RADIO

AND WE HAVE THE POPULAR PRESS.

IT'S TURNED INTO THIS MASSIVE PROPAGANDA EVENT.

Narrator: THIS FIRST MAJOR WINDSOR WEDDING DREW CROWDS

TO RIVAL THE KING'S CORONATION.

Cadbury: SUDDENLY HERE'S SOME MAGIC,

HERE'S THE FAIRY TALE, AND IT'S BRITISH.

SHE'S MARRYING BRITISH ARISTOCRACY.

SO, YOU KNOW, GONE WERE THE DAYS WHERE BRITISH PRINCESSES

WERE CARTED OFF TO MARRY FOREIGN PRINCES.

AND IT'S SEEN AS A VERY BRITISH WEDDING.

Cadbury: IN THE KING AND QUEEN'S EYES,

LASCELLES WAS LIKE THE IDEAL HUSBAND FOR MARY.

HE WAS ARISTOCRACY, VERY WEALTHY LANDOWNER.

Narrator: VISCOUNT LASCELLES WAS ALSO

A DECORATED WAR HERO AND AT THIS CELEBRATION

OF ALL THINGS BRITISH, NO FOREIGN ROYALTY

WERE FORMALLY INVITED.

Mort: PATHE NEWS STARTS TO PLOT

THE ROYAL MARRIAGE IN A WAY THAT WE RECOGNIZE

FROM ROYAL MARRIAGES TODAY.

SHOTS OF THE BALCONY SCENE.

THEY DON'T ACTUALLY WAVE YET.

AND MOST IMPORTANTLY SHOTS OF THE CROWD

BECAUSE THIS IS CLAIMED AS THE PEOPLES' WEDDING

WHICH IS THE WAY BERTIE WRITES TO EDWARD.

EDWARD CAN'T BE AT THE CEREMONY BUT BERTIE SAYS,

"IT'S THE PEOPLES' WEDDING NOT MARY'S WEDDING."

Narrator: BUT BEHIND THE ROYAL FACADE,

THE PEOPLES' WEDDING WAS ALSO A FAMILY ONE.

(GENTLE MUSIC)

Queen Mary VO: "MOST DARLING DAVID,

"NOTHING COULD HAVE GONE OFF BETTER THAN THE WEDDING DID.

"MARY DOING HER PART TO PERFECTION,

"A VERY GREAT ORDEAL BEFORE SO MANY PEOPLE.

"PAPA AND ALL OF US THROWING RICE

"AND LITTLE PAPER HORSESHOES AND ROSE LEAVES AFTER THEM.

"PAPA AND I FELT MISERABLE AT PARTING.

"POOR PAPA BROKE DOWN.

"BUT I MERCIFULLY MANAGED TO KEEP UP

"AS I SO MUCH FEARED MARY WOULD BREAK DOWN."

Edward VO: "MARY DARLING,

"I'M SO GLAD IT ALL WENT OFF SO WELL.

"I'VE BEEN SO INTERESTED IN THE PICTURES IN THE PAPERS

"AND WE'VE GOT THE MOVIE FILM ONBOARD

"AND HAD IT A FEW NIGHTS AGO AND WE WERE ALL THRILLED.

(SOMBER MUSIC)

"YOU JUST CAN'T THINK HOW MUCH I'M LONGING

"TO GET HOME AS I'M SO STALE AND WORN OUT AFTER INDIA,

"AND IT'S NOT VERY KIND FOR ME

"STILL TO BE SAILING ON EAST INSTEAD OF WEST TO ENGLAND.

"EVER YOUR VERY DEVOTED DAVID."

Narrator: BUT WHEN EDWARD RETURNED TO BRITAIN,

HE WOULD STOP FOLLOWING ORDERS

AND START TO STIR UP SCANDAL.

(GENTLE DRUMMING MUSIC)

(BELLS TOLLING)

IN NOVEMBER 1922, BRITAIN'S NEWLY DEMOCRATIZED MASSES

TOOK THEIR CHANCE TO USE THE VOTE

AND MADE LABOUR PARTY HISTORY.

(DRAMATIC MUSIC)

Announcer: THE COUNTRY WENT TO THE POLLS

AND THE RESULTS WERE SENSATIONAL.

(UPBEAT MUSIC)

THE CONSERVATIVES WON THE DAY.

AND FOR THE FIRST TIME,

LABOUR BECAME THE OFFICIAL OPPOSITION.

(GENTLE DRUMMING MUSIC)

Narrator: THE RISE OF BRITAIN'S LABOUR PARTY

WOULD CAUSE CONCERN AMONG SOME MEMBERS

OF BRITAIN'S ARISTOCRACY, INCLUDING THE ROYAL FAMILY.

(TENSE MUSIC)

BY 1922, EDWARD HAD BEEN TOURING THE EMPIRE

FOR NEARLY THREE YEARS AND HIS SISTER MARY

WOULD SHORTLY MOVE TO HER NEW HUSBAND'S ESTATE

IN YORKSHIRE, AND WAS EXPECTING HER FIRST CHILD.

Edward VO: "DARLING MARY,

"I'M THINKING OF YOU SO MUCH ALL THIS TIME

"AND KNOW WHAT A RELIEF IT WILL BE WHEN IT'S ALL OVER.

"THE RESULTS OF THE POLLS WERE VERY INTERESTING INDEED.

"IT'S NO GOOD SHUTTING ONE'S EYES TO THE FACT

"THAT THE MASSES, OR THE LABORING CLASSES,

"OR WHATEVER YOU LIKE TO CALL THEM,

"ARE IN A STATE OF GREAT UNREST AND DISCONTENT

"OWING TO THE TERRIBLE DISTRESS THAT EXISTS

"ALL OVER THE COUNTRY.

"NOBODY DREADS A LABOUR GOVERNMENT

"MORE THAN I DO, BUT AS LONG AS THE UPPER CLASSES

"CAN RETAIN A MAJORITY, THESE LABOUR GAINS DON'T MATTER.

"PLEASE BURN, AS I SUPPOSE I'M NOT ALLOWED ANY VIEWS."

Brendon: THIS LETTER IS FASCINATING

BECAUSE WHAT IT SHOWS IS THE AMBIVALENCE

OF EDWARD TOWARDS THE RISE OF LABOUR.

ON THE ONE HAND HE DREADS THE ARRIVAL

OF A LABOUR GOVERNMENT WHICH COULD BE

VERY RADICAL INDEED AND MIGHT THREATEN THE MONARCHY.

BUT HE SEES THAT IT'S NECESSARY

TO DO SOMETHING TO QUIET THE DISCONTENTS OF THE MASSES.

HIS INSTRUCTION TO BURN THE LETTER

SINCE HE'S NOT SUPPOSED TO HAVE ANY POLITICAL VIEWS

IS AN INTERESTING ONE.

HE CLEARLY DID HAVE VIEWS AND THESE VIEWS WERE DEVELOPING.

Beckett: HE WAS WAY AHEAD BOTH OF THE CONSERVATIVE PARTY

AND OF HIS OWN FAMILY THAT HE HAD THOUGHT THROUGH

WHAT HAD HAPPENED. (SOMBER MUSIC)

WHAT HE IS GOING TO SAY IS THE ROYAL FAMILY

HAS TO CATCH UP WITH THAT.

WE CAN'T PRETEND THAT NOTHING HAS CHANGED

BECAUSE EVERYTHING HAS CHANGED.

Narrator: KING GEORGE V AND QUEEN MARY

WOULD PROJECT THEMSELVES AS THE EMBODIMENT

OF CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY, RISING ABOVE POLITICS

AT ALL COSTS, AND EXPECTED THEIR CHILDREN TO FOLLOW SUIT.

Beckett: IT'S REALLY QUITE CLEAR WHAT KING GEORGE V WAS THINKING,

ESSENTIALLY ABOUT PERSONAL SURVIVAL

AND THE SURVIVAL OF THE FAMILY,

AND THE SURVIVAL OF THE FAMILY BUSINESS.

(SOMBER MUSIC)

Narrator: AND, IN A TIME WHERE IMAGE WAS EVERYTHING

FOR THE ROYALS, THE HOMECOMING OF THEIR YOUNGEST SON GEORGE

WOULD BRING CONTROVERSY TO THEIR DOORSTEP.

Warwick: GEORGE WAS THE FUN-LOVING BOY.

HE WAS THE BRIGHTEST, HE WAS THE MOST ARTISTIC.

GEORGE DID NOT WANNA GO INTO THE NAVY

BUT HIS FATHER WAS NOT GONNA GIVE IN ON THIS

SO OFF HE WENT FIRST OF ALL TO OSBORNE

AND THEN TO DARTMOUTH AND GEORGE ABSOLUTELY HATED IT.

(JAZZY MUSIC)

Narrator: GEORGE'S ARRIVAL ON THE LONDON SCENE

WOULD COINCIDE WITH THE RETURN OF HIS OLDER BROTHER EDWARD

FROM HIS LATEST EMPIRE TOUR.

Brendon: GEORGE TAKES THE ROLE OF THE COMPANION,

REALLY SORT OF RATHER NAUGHTY COMPANION, OF EDWARD

AND THEY LIVE IT UP TOGETHER,

A PAIR OF PRINCES UTTERLY DEVOTED TO PLEASURE.

Warwick: GEORGE AND EDWARD

WERE AT THE VERY CENTER OF THINGS.

THEY WERE THE ROYAL BRIGHT YOUNG THINGS.

Narrator: GEORGE AND EDWARD WOULD FORM THIS ALLIANCE

AT THE HEIGHT OF THE ROARING 20S SOCIETY SCENE

WHEN A GENERATION OF YOUNG ARISTOCRATS

ATTEMPTED TO WASH AWAY THE CARES OF THE COUNTRY

IN THE NIGHTCLUBS OF LONDON'S WEST END.

Taylor: THE BRIGHT YOUNG PEOPLE CERTAINLY REPRESENTED FREEDOM.

THEY WERE REBELLING AGAINST THE PRESCRIPTIONS

OF THEIR PARENTS AND THEY WERE REBELLING THE LIVES

THAT THEIR PARENTS WANTED THEM TO LEAD.

THEY WERE, THE MEN CERTAINLY,

THEY WERE CONSUMED WITH GUILT THAT THEY HADN'T FOUGHT

IN THE FIRST WORLD WAR.

THERE WAS THIS KIND OF GENERAL SENTIMENT

AS THE SONG ONCE PUT IT, (SPEAKING IN A FOREIGN LANGUAGE)

"THERE'LL BE A GOOD TIME EVERYWHERE."

(LIVELY MUSIC)

IT WOULD NOT BE OUT OF THE QUESTION

TO HAVE A BOTTLE OF CHAMPAGNE AT EVERYBODY'S PLACE MAT.

Warwick: IF YOU WERE RICH ENOUGH

AND WELL-CONNECTED ENOUGH,

THAT WAS THE KIND OF LIFE THAT YOU LED.

Narrator: PRINCE GEORGE DOVE HEAD FIRST

INTO THIS SUBVERSIVE AND POTENTIALLY SCANDALOUS SCENE.

Taylor: IT WAS SO DIFFERENT TO THE FORMER LIFE

HE'D BEEN BROUGHT UP IN.

SUDDENLY HERE, JUST OUTSIDE THE PALACE GATES,

WAS THIS BURGEONING, FREE AND EASY, SOCIALLY MIXED,

ALTERNATIVE WORLD THAT HE COULD TAKE AND LEAVE AS HE CHOOSE.

Warwick: GEORGE DID HAVE THE MOST ENORMOUS CHARISMA.

HE WAS A GREAT PIANIST, GREAT DANCER, GREAT MIMIC.

HE WAS REALLY, REALLY GOOD COMPANY

AND HE MADE THE MOST OF THAT, TOO,

BECAUSE HE WAS HAVING A BALL.

(LIVELY MUSIC)

Taylor: THEY LIVED IN THE MIDDLE

OF A BURGEONING CELEBRITY CULTURE

WHERE ALMOST ANYBODY WAS FAIR GAME

BUT THEY ARE PRINCES OF THE BLOOD

SO THEY HAVE TO BE WATCHED.

LYING AT THE HEART OF THE PRINCES' SECRETARIES

AND THE PEOPLE WHO MANAGED THEM

WAS THE DREADFUL FEAR THAT THEY MIGHT BE IN A NIGHTCLUB

WHEN IT WAS RAIDED.

Narrator: GEORGE WOULD ALSO PUSH THE BOUNDARIES

WITH HIS SEXUAL EXPLORATION.

Cadbury: PRINCE GEORGE, HE SAVORED EVERY EXCITEMENT

THAT PRESENTED HIMSELF, MEN, WOMEN HE DIDN'T DISCRIMINATE.

HE DIDN'T RECOGNIZE ANY BOUNDARIES

TO HIS SEXUAL EXPLORATION.

Warwick: HE WAS SAILING VERY, VERY CLOSE TO THE WIND,

BECAUSE WE HAVE TO REMEMBER THAT AT THAT TIME,

HOMOSEXUALITY WAS ILLEGAL.

YOU KNOW, YOU COULD GO TO PRISON FOR IT.

Taylor: GEORGE V IS SUPPOSED TO HAVE SAID,

"I THOUGHT MEN WHO DID THAT SHOT THEMSELVES."

THAT WAS THE OFFICIAL ATTITUDE.

(SOMBER MUSIC)

Cadbury: HE HAD A WHOLE STRING OF AFFAIRS,

ARISTOCRATS, WEST END STARLETS.

THERE WAS THE BANKING HEIRESS POPPY BARING

AND TALK OF MARRIAGE UNTIL GEORGE V DISCOVERED.

Narrator: POPPY BARING WAS KNOWN IN SOCIETY CIRCLES

AS FAST AND FUN AND EVIDENTLY

NOT CONSIDERED WINDSOR MATERIAL.

WHEN RUMORS OF PRINCE GEORGE'S AFFAIR WITH HER SURFACED,

HE FOUND HIMSELF ON AN EXTENDED MISSION

WITH THE ROYAL NAVY IN CHINA.

George VO: "DARLING MARY, WE HAVE BEEN HERE NOW

"NEARLY A MONTH.

"THERE HAS BEEN SOME DANCING

"BUT I KNOW VERY FEW PEOPLE HERE REALLY

"AND SO HAVEN'T BEEN OUT MUCH.

"I'VE GOT MORE OR LESS USED TO BEING OUT HERE NOW,

"BUT IT ISN'T VERY AMUSING ON THE WHOLE.

"MUCH LOVE, MARY DARLING.

"EVER YOUR DEVOTED BROTHER GEORGE."

(GENTLE MUSIC)

Narrator: BY CONTRAST TO HIS BROTHERS,

BERTIE CUT A FAR MORE RESPECTABLE IMAGE.

(CROWD CHEERING)

IN 1923, HE MARRIED LADY ELIZABETH BOWES-LYON

WHO HAD BEEN A BRIDESMAID AT HIS SISTER MARY'S WEDDING.

Cadbury: SO BERTIE AND ELIZABETH SOON SETTLED DOWN.

PRINCESS ELIZABETH WAS BORN IN 1926

AND HE JUST ADORED HER.

WHENEVER YOU SEE THE PICTURES OF THEM AT THIS TIME

THERE'S THAT REAL SORT OF DOMESTIC FAMILY FEELING

THAT COMES THROUGH VERY STRONGLY AND YOU CAN SEE

WAS SHAPING WHO HE BECAME IN THE 1920S.

SO WHILE ALL HIS OTHER BROTHERS HADN'T YET SETTLED

AND HAVING A WILD TIME,

BERTIE IS REALLY GOING QUITE A DIFFERENT DIRECTION.

(TENSE MUSIC)

Narrator: BERTIE'S LITTLE BROTHER PRINCE GEORGE

RETURNED HOME FROM HIS NAVAL TOUR IN CHINA

ONLY TO FALL BACK IN WITH A FAST CROWD

AND DEVELOP WORRYING HABITS.

Taylor: IT'S RUMORED THAT PRINCE GEORGE

WAS TAKING COCAINE AND MORPHINE

AND FOR QUITE SOME CONSIDERABLE TIME.

AND IF IT HAD COME OUT, HE PROBABLY WOULDN'T HAVE ENDED UP

IN THE POLICE COURT BUT THE SCANDAL

WOULD HAVE BEEN ABSOLUTELY ENORMOUS.

Cadbury: PRINCE GEORGE WHO REALLY DIDN'T RECOGNIZE

ANY BOUNDARIES UNLIKE EDWARD WHO SEEMED TO KNOW

WHEN SOMETHING WAS ACTUALLY BECOMING DESTRUCTIVE,

GEORGE DIDN'T SEEM TO HAVE ANYTHING TO ALERT HIM

TO THE FACT THAT HE WAS PERHAPS OVERSTEPPING THE MARK

PUTTING HIMSELF AT RISK.

Warwick: IT WAS IRRESPONSIBLE OF GEORGE

TO HAVE BECOME ADDICTED TO DRUGS,

VERY IRRESPONSIBLE, BECAUSE THE POTENTIAL

FOR DISASTER WAS HUGE.

Announcer: THIS IS LONDON

CALLING THE BRITISH ISLES, A CRISIS.

(TENSE MUSIC)

Narrator: IN MAY 1926, BRITAIN WAS POISED

FOR THE BIGGEST LABOR STRIKE IN ITS HISTORY

AND THE ROYAL FAMILY WOULD NEED TO MAINTAIN NEUTRALITY

IN THE EYES OF THEIR PEOPLE.

Announcer: ALL EFFORTS AT COMPROMISE

BETWEEN THE TRADE UNION COUNCIL

AND THE GOVERNMENT HAVE FAILED.

WE REGRET TO HAVE TO ANNOUNCE THAT A GENERAL STRIKE

WILL BEGIN TOMORROW AT MIDNIGHT.

Cadbury: THERE WERE ARMORED CARS

ON THE STREETS OF LONDON, BARBED WIRE IN HYDE PARK.

THE ARMY WAS CALLED IN, YOU KNOW,

TO PROTECT FOOD LORRIES AND NO ONE QUITE KNEW

WHERE THIS WAS GOING TO LEAD US.

Beckett: THE LEFT WAS EXPECTING

THAT IT WOULD CREATE REVOLUTIONARY CHANGE.

AND THE RIGHT WAS TERRIFIED OF IT.

Narrator: THE STRIKE WOULD LAST NINE DAYS

AND RESULT IN OVER ONE AND A HALF MILLION WORKERS

WALKING OUT IN PROTEST OVER LOW WAGES

AND POOR WORKING CONDITIONS.

Brendon: GEORGE V WAS EXTREMELY CAREFUL

TO MAINTAIN ROYAL NEUTRALITY IN IT

AND HE WARNED HIS SON EDWARD THAT HE MUST DO THE SAME.

BUT EDWARD WAS INDISCREET.

HE GOT HIS CHAUFFEUR TO TRANSPORT COPIES

OF THE BRITISH GAZETTE WHICH TALKED

ABOUT GRIPPING STRIKERS BY THE THROAT

AND IT TALKED ABOUT THE STRIKERS AS THE ENEMY

SHOWING VERY CLEARLY WHOSE SIDE HE WAS ON.

Cadbury: HE'S MEANT TO BE ABOVE IT ALL.

HE'S MEANT TO BE A POLITICALLY NEUTRAL FIGURE.

YOU GET THE SENSE THAT HE IS CHAMPING AT THE BIT,

WANTING TO DO THINGS HIS WAY,

WANTING TO BE A POLITICAL FIGURE

WHEN THAT IS NOT HIS ROLE AS A FUTURE KING.

(SEAGULLS SQUAWKING)

(LIVELY MUSIC)

Narrator: SHORTLY AFTER HIS TRANSGRESSIONS

DURING THE STRIKE, EDWARD FOUND HIMSELF OFF

ON AN EXTENDED TOUR OF HIS FATHER'S EMPIRE.

IN 1928, EDWARD WOULD ARRIVE IN KENYA

AND BE JOINED FOR THE FIRST TIME

BY HIS LITTLE BROTHER, PRINCE HENRY,

NOW A CAPTAIN IN THE BRITISH ARMY.

Brendon: HENRY WAS VERY MUCH

AN UNLIKELY TRAVELING COMPANION TO EDWARD.

THE TWO OF THEM DIDN'T REALLY GET ON VERY WELL.

BUT HENRY WAS A GREAT BIG GAME HUNTER.

Narrator: HENRY WAS FIVE YEARS EDWARD'S JUNIOR

AND THE FIRST SON OF A BRITISH MONARCH

TO BE EDUCATED AT ETON.

HE WENT ON TO TRINITY COLLEGE AT CAMBRIDGE

BEFORE FORGING A SOLID CAREER IN THE ARMY.

SO PLEASED WAS THE KING WITH HENRY,

THAT HE HAD JUST MADE HIM THE DUKE OF GLOUCESTER.

UPON THEIR ARRIVAL IN KENYA,

THE BROTHERS WOULD SEPARATE.

BUT BEFORE HENRY STRUCK OUT ON SAFARI, HE WOULD HAVE

A FATEFUL MEETING (SLOW JAZZY MUSIC)

WITH ONE OF THE NOTORIOUS WOMEN IN KENYA,

MRS. BERYL MARKHAM.

Lewis: SHE WAS BROUGHT UP BY HER FATHER

AND BROUGHT UP BY AFRICANS.

SO AS THE STORY GOES, SHE LEARNED TO THROW A SPEAR

AND TO TRACK LIONS BEFORE SHE COULD READ AND WRITE.

BY 18, SHE'D BECOME THE FIRST WOMAN IN AFRICA

TO HAVE A LICENSE TO RACE HORSES.

AND IN 1936, SHE BECAME THE FIRST WOMAN

TO FLY SOLO ACROSS THE ATLANTIC FROM EAST TO WEST.

WHEN PRINCE HENRY MEETS BERYL FOR THE FIRST TIME,

BERYL HAS BEEN ENGAGED IN WATCHING THE HORSES

AND PRINCE HENRY STUMBLES ACROSS HER BY ACCIDENT.

SO INSTEAD OF CURTSYING, SHE JUST NATURALLY DOES

THE AFRICAN GREETING OF SALAAM HOLDING UP

HER HANDS IN DEFENSELESSNESS.

HE ABSOLUTELY LOVES IT.

SO THIS NATURAL WOMAN THAT CAN BE HERSELF

AND IS NOT TRYING TO BE ALL SIMPERING IN FRONT OF HIM

GOES DOWN A TREAT.

TO SAY THAT HENRY, AT THIS POINT,

IS BEHAVING OUT OF CHARACTER IS AN ENORMOUS UNDERSTATEMENT.

THIS IS NEW TERRITORY FOR HIM.

PREVIOUS TO THIS, QUIET, DULL,

INTERESTED IN HIS ARMY CAREER.

NOW HE IS ABOUT TOWN WITH ONE OF THE MOST WILDEST WOMEN

OF HER TIME.

BY THE END OF THE SAFARI HE IS COMPLETELY IN LOVE.

(TENSE MUSIC)

Narrator: BERYL AND HENRY PARTED WAYS WHEN SHE RETURNED

TO NAIROBI, BUT THEIR LOVE AFFAIR WAS FAR FROM OVER.

IN NAIROBI, HENRY'S BROTHER EDWARD

WAS CAUSING A STIR OF HIS OWN.

Lewis: FROM HIS ARRIVAL IN KENYA,

THE PRINCE OF WALES BEHAVED BADLY

AND HE UPSET NOT ONLY THE UPPER CLASS KENYANS,

BUT HE ALSO UPSET HIS ENTOURAGE.

Narrator: ON THE TOUR WITH EDWARD

WAS ALAN LASCELLES, NICKNAMED TOMMY,

ONE OF THE KING'S MOST TRUSTWORTHY COURTIERS

AND A VETERAN MINDER OF THE PRINCE OF WALES.

Phillips: TOMMY LASCELLES HAD SEEN THE SELFISHNESS,

HE'D SEEN THE LACK OF SELF-CONTROL

AND HE'D DECIDED THAT EDWARD WOULD NEVER IMPROVE,

THAT NOTHING, HE, TOMMY, COULD DO

WAS GOING TO MAKE THE BLIND BIT OF DIFFERENCE.

SO ANYTHING HE WAS DOING

WAS BASICALLY COVERING UP FOR EDWARD.

IT WAS A PRETTY DESPERATE POSITION.

Brendon: THIS IS FROM TOMMY LASCELLLES.

"IN MY CONSIDERED OPINION, THE HEIR APPARENT

"IN HIS UNBRIDLED PURSUIT OF WINE AND WOMEN

"AND WHATEVER SELFISH WHIM OCCUPIED HIM AT THE MOMENT,

"WAS RAPIDLY GOING TO THE DEVIL

"AND UNLESS HE MENDED HIS WAYS,

"WOULD SOON BECOME (TENSE MUSIC)

"NO FIT WEARER OF THE BRITISH CROWN."

Narrator: AND EDWARD'S ABILITY TO LEAD THE MONARCHY

WAS ABOUT TO TAKE CENTER STAGE.

Phillips: GEORGE V SUDDENLY FELL GRAVELY ILL

TO THE EXTENT THAT HIS LIFE WAS IN DANGER

AND EDWARD AND HIS BROTHER WERE CALLED BACK TO LONDON.

SO BALDWIN WRITES TO EDWARD

IN EXTRAORDINARILY BRUTAL, DIRECT,

AND BLUNT TERMS FOR A POLITICIAN

WRITING TO AN HEIR TO THE THRONE.

"I SUGGEST THAT YOU SHOULD BOTH RETURN HOME AT ONCE.

"WE HOPE IT MAY GO WELL BUT IF NOT

"AND YOU HAVE MADE NO ATTEMPT TO RETURN,

"IT WILL PROFOUNDLY SHOCK PUBLIC OPINION."

Cadbury: SO HENRY WAS VERY DISTRESSED.

HE SAYS, "I'M SO DISTRESSED I'M PROCEEDING HOME

"AS SOON AS POSSIBLE."

WHICH IS THE REACTION YOU EXPECT.

Brendon: EDWARD SAID, "NO WE'RE BEING TAKEN FOR MUGS.

"THIS IS JUST A TRICK OF BALDWIN.

"I DON'T REALLY BELIEVE THIS."

AND THIS CAUSED VERY SERIOUS DISTRESS

TO TOMMY LASCELLES WHO SAID TO HIM,

"SIR, THE KING MAY BE DYING

"AND IF THAT DOESN'T MEAN ANYTHING TO YOU,

"IT MEANS A GREAT DEAL TO US."

AND EDWARD IGNORED THAT AND WENT OFF

TO COMPLETE THE SEDUCTION OF THE WIFE

OF A DISTRICT COMMISSIONER.

Narrator: FIVE DAYS AFTER RECEIVING (TENSE MUSIC)

BALDWIN'S TELEGRAM, EDWARD FINALLY BOARDED A SHIP

TO RETURN TO BRITAIN.

(SOMBER MUSIC)

Cadbury: THERE'S THEIR FATHER SERIOUSLY ILL.

THE DOCTOR'S NOT QUITE SURE

WHETHER HE'S GOING TO PULL THROUGH.

AND THERE ARE ALL SORTS OF UNDERCURRENTS, ATTENTIONS.

ALL EYES ARE ON EDWARD, YOU KNOW.

HOW IS HE GOING TO BEHAVE?

IS HE GOING TO PUT HIS PAST BEHIND HIM

AND BECOME THE KING THAT THE COUNTRY NEEDS?

Warwick: THEIR FATHER WAS ALSO THEIR KING.

HE WAS EMPEROR OF INDIA.

HE WAS ESTABLISHMENT, HE WAS THE INSTITUTION.

AND THE IDEA THAT HE WAS LIKELY TO DIE

WOULD HAVE BEEN REALLY RATHER SHOCKING FOR THEM.

Riddell: AT THIS STAGE IN HER LIFE,

MARY, HAVING GONE FROM A VERY CLOISTERED UPBRINGING

TO BEING THE DUTIFUL DAUGHTER WHO MARRIES

IS SUDDENLY FACED WITH THIS TERRIFYING PROSPECT

THAT HER FATHER MIGHT BE ABOUT TO DIE.

AND THIS MEANS THAT HER BROTHER WILL BECOME KING.

AND THE QUESTION MUST HAVE BEEN FOR HER

IS HE EVEN FIT FOR THE JOB?

Riddell: SHE KNOWS FULL WELL HOW HE FEELS,

HOW MUCH RESENTMENT HE HAS FOR THE YOKE OF MONARCHY.

Brendon: EDWARD WAS LEADING THIS HEDONISTIC LIFESTYLE,

HENRY WAS IN THE MIDDLE OF AN AFFAIR

WHICH COULD HAVE CAUSED A COMPLETE SCANDAL,

GEORGE WAS AN EXPLOSION WAITING TO HAPPEN.

(GENTLE MUSIC)

Narrator: AFTER THE DRAMA SURROUNDING THE KING'S ILLNESS,

PROMPTING HENRY AND EDWARD'S RETURN HOME FROM KENYA,

THEIR FATHER WOULD MAKE A GRADUAL RECOVERY

AFTER WEEKS OF WORRY.

Mary VO: "MY DARLING GEORGE,

"THANK GOODNESS PAPA IS MAKING SATISFACTORY PROGRESS

"THE LAST THREE DAYS BUT HE WAS VERY BAD ON SUNDAY NIGHT

"AND WE HAVE HAD A TERRIBLY ANXIOUS TIME.

"POOR MAMA.

"I'M THANKFUL TO BE HERE TO HELP HER AT THIS TIME."

(JAZZY MUSIC)

Narrator: WITH HIS FATHER CONVALESCING OUT OF LONDON,

PRINCE HENRY WOULD SET ABOUT REKINDLING

HIS AFRICAN LOVE AFFAIR WITH MRS. BERYL MARKHAM

ON THE VERY DOORSTEP OF BUCKINGHAM PALACE.

Lewis: PRINCE HENRY IS QUITE RECKLESS AND DARING HIMSELF

AT THIS POINT.

HE HAS BERYL INSTALLED IN A CORNER SUITE

IN THE GROSVENOR HOTEL AND, IN EFFECT,

HE IS LIVING OPENLY WITH BERYL MARKHAM.

WHY IS THIS SO SHOCKING?

BERYL IS TWICE MARRIED, SHE'S A COLONIALIST,

SHE'S A COMMONER, AND SHE IS, AT THIS POINT,

EIGHT MONTHS PREGNANT.

THE FACT THAT HE WAS A ROYAL PRINCE

WHO MIGHT HAVE FATHERED AN ILLEGITIMATE CHILD

WAS FANTASTIC NEWS TO THOSE PEOPLE

WHO WANTED A REALLY GOOD STORY ABOUT THE ROYAL FAMILY.

BUT THOSE THAT KNEW THE SITUATION WELL

WORKED OUT THAT IT WAS NOT POSSIBLE

THAT PRINCE HENRY COULD BE THE FATHER.

THE DATES JUST DIDN'T MATCH.

(TENSE MUSIC)

Narrator: THE PRESS WERE ABOUT TO REPORT

AN ENTIRELY DIFFERENT ROYAL STORY.

EDWARD, HEIR TO THE THRONE, WOULD EMBARK

ON AN UNPRECEDENTED TOUR

AND ONE THAT WOULD COURT CONTROVERSY.

Beckett: EDWARD WAS GOING TO A MINING COMMUNITY

JUST THREE YEARS AFTER THE GENERAL STRIKE,

THREE YEARS AFTER MINING COMMUNITIES

HAD BEEN DECIMATED, WHERE THERE WAS DESPERATE POVERTY

AND ANGER OF THE SORT THAT MEMBERS OF THE ROYAL FAMILY

DIDN'T NORMALLY SEE.

AND WHEN THEY DID SEE THEM,

THEY TRUSTED THE POLITICIANS TO DEAL WITH IT.

Narrator: EDWARD WOULD SPEND THREE DAYS

VISITING SOME OF THE MOST IMPOVERISHED

AND POLITICIZED COMMUNITIES IN THE COUNTRY.

Phillips: IN A WAY WHICH HIS DOMINION TOURS NEVER DID,

IT ACQUIRES A POLITICAL DIMENSION.

IT'S ADDRESSING AN ISSUE WHICH THE GOVERNMENT

HOPED WOULD GO AWAY.

THEY DIDN'T DO ANY REAL POLICY

FOR DEALING WITH POVERTY AND UNEMPLOYMENT.

THEY WERE JUST LIVING WITH THE CONSEQUENCES.

EDWARD'S TOUR BECOMES A BIG MEDIA EVENT.

THERE IS NO BIG CORDON AROUND HIM

AND SOME PEOPLE COME THROUGH AND DO ADDRESS HIM.

HE IS QUITE VISIBLY SHOCKED AT THE CONDITIONS

UNDER WHICH PEOPLE WERE LIVING

AND HE SAYS SO PRETTY MUCH PUBLICLY.

EDWARD'S BIG PHRASE TO DESCRIBE WHAT HE SEES

IS "PERFECTLY DAMNABLE CONDITIONS".

THAT IS GETTING PRETTY CLOSE TO A DIRECT POLITICAL STATEMENT

BY A MEMBER OF THE ROYAL FAMILY.

HE'S, IN EFFECT, SAYING WE'RE LOOKING

AT ECONOMIC OPPRESSION, WE ARE LOOKING AT PEOPLE

BEING TREATED WORSE THAN YOU WOULD TREAT ANIMALS.

Beckett: HE WAS LOOKING AT THESE PEOPLE IN A WAY

THAT HIS FATHER COULD NOT HAVE DONE.

Narrator: AND EDWARD'S COMMENTS WOULD

OF THEN PRIME MINISTER STANLEY BALDWIN.

Kaul: THE POLITICAL IMPACT

OF MAKING THESE REMARKS ARE QUITE SEVERE

BECAUSE THE BBC PICKS IT UP AND RUNS WITH IT,

A HUGE PHALANX OF NEWSPAPER CORRESPONDENTS

WHO ARE TRAILING AROUND HIM PICK IT UP,

IT'S FRONT PAGE NEWS.

AND PRIME MINISTER BALDWIN HAS TO DEFEND

ALMOST THE INDEFENSIBLE IN PARLIAMENT AS A RESULT.

Phillips: EDWARD WAS STARTING TO LOOK

REALLY QUITE DIFFERENT TO GEORGE V.

I DON'T THINK THERE IS ANY RECORD OF GEORGE V

BEING AT ALL INTERESTED IN UNEMPLOYMENT

OR EVEN THE ECONOMY.

HERE WAS EDWARD, THE HEIR TO THE THRONE,

SHOWING HIMSELF INTERESTED,

NOT JUST IN SOCIAL QUESTIONS,

BUT A SOCIAL POINT ON WHICH THE GOVERNMENT

WAS REALLY LOOKING VERY, VERY VULNERABLE INDEED.

(GENTLE DRUMMING MUSIC)

EDWARDS'S TOUR TO NORTHUMBERLAND AND WHAT HE SAYS

COMES AT A VERY, VERY BAD TIME

FOR STANLEY BALDWIN'S CONSERVATIVE GOVERNMENT.

THEY WILL SOON BE FIGHTING A GENERAL ELECTION

WHERE THE BIG ISSUE IS UNEMPLOYMENT

AND THE ECONOMIC PROBLEMS OF THE COUNTRY.

Narrator: A FEW MONTHS LATER,

BALDWIN'S CONSERVATIVE PARTY WOULD LOSE THE ELECTION

AND NEARLY A THIRD OF THEIR SEATS TO THE LABOUR PARTY.

BALDWIN AND EDWARD'S FORMER PRIVATE SECRETARY LASCELLES,

HAD MADE THEIR VIEWS ON EDWARD INFINITELY CLEAR.

Brendon: "I CAN'T HELP THINKING THAT THE BEST THING

"THAT COULD HAPPEN TO HIM AND TO THE COUNTRY

"WOULD BE FOR HIM TO BREAK HIS NECK."

"GOD FORGIVE ME," SAID BALDWIN,

"I HAVE OFTEN THOUGHT THE SAME."

(SOMBER MUSIC)

FEELINGS WERE RUNNING HIGH IN DEPRIVED AREAS.

THERE WERE SHOUTS OF, "WE DON'T WANT NO ROYAL PARASITES.

"GIVE US FOOD.

"WE DON'T WANT NO ROYAL PARASITES."

Riddell: SEEING ALL HIS SIBLINGS CONFORM,

MADE EDWARD MORE DETERMINED TO REBEL.

Mort: HAVE YOU HEARD OF MRS. SIMPSON?

I EXPECT NOT BUT YOU WILL.

Riddell: THIS HAS ABSOLUTELY DESTROYED THEM.

IT HAS SENT A TIDAL WAVE THROUGH THIS FAMILY.

The Description of Rebellion