Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Jeremy Green: The Deep-Water Graveyard

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The "graveyard"

I suppose of the whole story of this process started

following settlement in Western Australia

what was happening is, that ships were coming

in the port, some of were being wrecked, some of them were

not capable of carrying on their journeys of voyages

and they were being abandoned on the beaches

and this actually, I suspect,

caused a rather, sort of,

didn't look terribly good to the settlers to settle with

abandoned wrecks laying all over the place

and eventually the government decided that

it had to managed properly as governments tend to want to

do, and so they designated an area

well they initially designated a

place down in Cockburn Sound

to get rid of ships, but this started to become another problem

and so they said, the best bet is we're going to

get them to be dumped in what they called the "deep-water graveyard"

which is about 10-15 kilometres

south-west from the west end of Rottnest

in about a 100 metres of water

So, there is over various period of time ships that were

being used in the harbour, a ship would come in

it would not be fit to carry on

it's voyage, because it was

in such bad condition, it would be say, damaged in a storm or something like this

generally those ships then became lighters, or they became

hulks, and they stored

coal, or supplies for the ships, water, that sort of thing

and they were tied up in the harbour ervice the ships that weer coming in

and then eventually, they became so

hopelessly rotten

that they became a danger to the port and that

point they were taken out and sunk

in the deep water graveyard.

And we've got public records of about

50 or 60 ships from

around 1900 to the 1950s

that were sunk in the graveyard.

And then what happened is Mike McCarthy

started, we started to get reports from

fisherman who were working

fishing out in this area, and shipwrecks are big

fish aggregation areas, fish tend to collect around them and if you

go over the top of wreck site with an echo-sounder you'll see big

column of fish, basicially, so fish love them

and so they started to report sites

and they were way too deep for us to deal with

but we started to

gather this sort of information together

and then about, ten years ago

a local film company

Propero Productions, they were doing the

"Shipwreck Detectives" and one of the

projects, they came to us and said

what sort of project would you like to

do that you're not normally funded to do by the government?

And one of them was the deep water graveyard

unfortunately, that program never came, went to air

six other programs did, but

the story wasn't good enough

but it's fascinating, it has been fascinating, because

they commissioned a local

aerial survey company to

run an aerial magnotomic survey over a section of the deep water graveyard

and came up with six or seven very large magnetic anomalies

so we then knew the precise position

of five or six big iron wrecks

iron wrecks sunk in the graveyard

Fortunately at that time there was a

a group of technical divers, these sort of

people who dive on gas mixtures

and they were looking for things to do

you could go dive to a 100 metres and have a look at the

few sea anemones at the bottom, but it's pretty boring stuff, so they were really excited by this idea

we gave them positions of the sites and they dived on them

they reported there were wrecks there

they got very fuzzy photographs

in the beginning, because they were just learning how to do things

and it really became

really interesting, and

I've been working with them in Turkey

in 2001

and we'd been using a

two-man submarine to go in and

look for wreck sites

and it was a really, sort of, it's a one atmosphere thing, so it's

comfortable, there's a big plastic style bubble

and I was in the Swan River

sailing my boat, and I looked across at the

Pier 21 and there was boat with a

one these submarines on the back of it, and I said

Gosh! This is..

Who's that?! So,

we did some investigation and found the guy who owned it

and he was also looking for things to do, because

you can go down in a submarine to a 100 metres

of water and look around at a very boring

bottom, and we gave him the positions of some of the wreck

sites and he started to dive on them

and we started to get high-definition

video footage of the sites

and we've now identified probably

about 16 sites

well, we've located 16 sites

identified about five of them

we've actually got names for them

and virtually every day

not every day, but once a month or so, new information has come in

about this whole area, so it's

it's very interesting

I dived in the submarine one time, when we were in 70 metres of water

and you could see the surface

we were down for two hours I think it was

and of course the technical divers can only

dive for about 15 minutes then they have to spend about

three hours decompressing

in 10 metres of water, so it's

a wonderful tool

I think gradually as time goes on

we're going to learn a lot more about

the graveyard and the ships

that have been sunk there

The Description of Jeremy Green: The Deep-Water Graveyard