Practice English Speaking&Listening with: Carolina Impact Season 4 Episode 24

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- [Man] This is a production of PBS Charlotte.

- Just ahead on Carolina Impact.

- The Vietnam War in the eyes of war reporter.

I'm Jeff Sonier at Winthrop University.

Stick around and meet the former professor

who brought the fighting right into your living room.

- The food scene in Charlotte is heating up

with a bounty of jobs.

We'll tell you coming up.

- And how do you get kids moving?

Well, it may have something to do with

what's on their wrists.

Please, don't go anywhere, Carolina Impact starts right now.

- [Man] Carolina Impact, covering the issues,

people, places that impact you.

This is Carolina Impact.

- Good evening, thanks so much for joining us.

I'm Amy Burkett.

50 years ago, we were fighting a war in Vietnam

and a political war here at home.

Both left scars, soldiers loft their lives,

families lost loved ones, and we all lost

a little bit of our innocence

watching the fighting on TV and the protests in our streets.

This Fall, PBS and award winning filmmaker Ken Burns,

revisit the Vietnam War with a 10 part, 18 hour documentary.

And on Carolina Impact, we'll also be looking at how

the Vietnam War affected us here in the Charlotte area

then and now.

Jeff Sonier joins us in Rock Hill with the first in our

series of special reports on Vietnam in the Carolinas.

- Yeah, Vietnam is the war that we couldn't ignore,

the first war that was played out night after night,

year after year in our living room,

on our television.

That was the lesson that former professor Haney Howell

taught his journalism students here at Winthrop University

for 26 years.

Howell, if he didn't have a family member or friends

serving in Vietnam, how those nightly news reports

of bombings, and battlefields, and body counts,

how they made that far away fighting feel real

and personal.

- More than a dozen persons were killed in this

latest attack on the Cambodia capital

has Haney Howell reports.

- [Man] Explosions shadow this quiet day

turning this usually calm neighborhood

into a literal hell.

- It was a TV war.

It was the first television war.

It was the first time we watched people die.

Their battled bodies, a grim testimony.

And you'll never have access to a war like we did.

We didn't have to ask any Americans where we could go?

(rock music)

I went out and hunted for combat everyday.

- [Jeff] Haney Howell was hired by CBS News to cover the war

from Cambodia after five other CBS employees

were killed there in a rocket attack.

- Their notebooks, their typewriters were still there.

- [Jeff] So this was a dangerous place to go obviously.

- Yeah, it was pretty hairy.

We're so close to the enemy positions--

- [Jeff] Howell was seeing real combat for the first time

and so was the audience watching these stores back home,

many about Vietnam's victims.

- It's not just hard, it's almost hopeless.

Some agencies are trying to help, mostly by trying to put

orphan children up for adoption.

The memory I have most vividly is driving down the roads.

And all of a sudden you start hitting refugees.

When you start seeing ox carts coming at you,

babies being carried on shoulders and stuff,

that you were moving toward something that happened.

- [Jeff] Something bad.

- [Haney] Something bad because these people were fleeing.

- [Jeff] Fleeing the same violence

that forced Howell at times

to grab an M-16 and fight alongside the soldiers

he was reporting on.

- [Jeff] You didn't have the same risk as a soldier.

- No, no, no, no.

- [Jeff] But it was still a risky place to be for anyone.

- What I like to make very clear to people

is I had one choice that no soldier had,

I could always leave, except once the firing started.

And that's why I learned to handle weapons,

was so I could be part of the cover.

The way you get out of those situation,

is that one person lays down, fire, the others run,

they hit the ground, they lay down, fire, you run.

And it's a little hop scotch thing until you get

into the clear.

I did that a number of times.

But probably the most chilling moment of the war for me

was standing outside (mumbles) Air Base at a fence,

and we were right at the end of the runway

and the B-52s were taking off right over the top of us,

great shot, just a great shot.

And I felt something cold in the nape of my neck,

and I heard a round being pulled into an M-16.

You talk about just freezing.

And we were arrested at the fence.

Haney Howell, CBS News, Saigon.

(rock music)

- [Jeff] Howell says it was no secret that while reporters

followed the war in Vietnam, the secret police

in Vietnam were following them.

(rock music)

- While covering the protests, two American newsmen,

CBS News reporter Haney Howell, Time Magazine correspondent

Barry Hillenbrand, were beaten by secret police.

- [Man] The demonstration was peaceful, but suddenly--

- [Jeff] The Vietnam protest story landing Howell

in the pages of Time Magazine and also in a

Saigon hospital.

- [Man] And uniformed police tried to stop it.

As CBS News reporter Haney Howell stepped in

to film the scene, he too became a target

for the secret police.

Howell was hit by a vicious flying kick in his ribs

and went down surrounded by the demonstrators.

It was the second time in 10 days that Haney Howell

was beaten by secret police while covering a demonstration.

(rock music)

- We called the secret police in Vietnam

the white mice, they were feeling very left behind.

It was becoming desperate.

In some ways, that may have been as dangerous

of a situation as actually going out in combat.

- [Man] As film crews are pushed and spit upon,

an actual grease is smeared on the camera lens.

- [Jeff] As reporters became targets on the streets

of Saigon, there was also criticism back home.

- I mean there are still people that will look

you in the eye and say "we lost the Vietnam War

"when Walter Cronkite went on the air

"and said it wasn't winnable.

"If Walter hadn't of done that, we would have won."

- To say that we are closer to victory today

is to believe in the face of the evidence

the optimists who have been wrong in the past.

- He paid his dues.

So you're not talking about some flaming liberal

going there, he just finally went over

and said this is not working out.

- In Cambodia, the fighting also is severe.

- And I cannot tell you how many times I hear

this big voice, Haney, this is Walter.

Are you sure about, did we spell General so and so's

name right?

- The next year, 1965.

- [Jeff] And while Cronkite had his famous

signature sign off at the end of every newscast.

- And that's the way it is.

And that's the way it is.

- [Jeff] Well, Haney Howell sums up his life changing

experience as a reporter during a history changing

moment in Vietnam, sort of the same way Cronkite did.

- That's just the way it was.

(rock music)

- Haney Howell was honored by the South Carolina

Broadcaster's Hall of Fame here at Winthrop back in 2011.

And you'll find 19 of his Vietnam War stories

in the Vanderbilt University's news archives,

most of those stories with Walter Cronkite

reading the intros.

Also, Howell's war reporting is the subject of a podcast

featured in the journalism works project at the Newseum

in Washington.

Amy.

- Thanks so much Jeff.

Mark your calendars, the Vietnam War premiers here

on Sunday, September 17.

To find out more about the project and to watch previews,

we've got a link posted on our homepage of our website

at PBSCharlotte.org.

Well, do you remember when you were in school

and how exciting it was to go on a field trip?

My favorite field trip was to a potato chip factory

back in the fifth grade.

There's a place in our area where thousands of students

visit every year and it's a place where they can create

their own businesses, invent new products,

and run everything just as they see fit.

As producer Russ Hunsinger shows us,

this make believe town helps students connect

with real life.

- This town is now open for business,

you may start your jobs.

- I am a CEO of Resource Centers.

- My job is a customer service rep for the

utilities company.

- My job is a radio station disc jockey.

- My job is risk manager.

- My job is being the mayor.

Working nine to five, what a way to make a living

- This town is a learning community where

fourth through sixth grade come, and they learn

financial literacy and they actually run a mock town

for the day.

And they have jobs, and they come in and perform those jobs.

And we as facilitators weave them through the program.

(soul music)

We have a city clerk, we have a physician here,

we have bank tellers, we have CEOs, CFOs

of every business.

- I have to sign most of the checks that my CFO gives me.

- I print out bills for the other companies for their

electrical and water service.

- Hello, everybody, this is the radio station.

I get to tell the people ads and music, and everything.

I really want to be a big announcer, like a sports

announcer when I grow up, so this kind of like fits me.

- I've been making sure that the workers have been

wearing safety vest and goggles.

- Well, I have to do a lot of paper work, and I have to

give speeches at the town hall meetings.

(rock music)

- [Woman] Our students,

they actually paid twice in JA Biz Town.

The first time they get paid, they get paid

with direct deposit, and they actually receive

debit cards that they will use as they go out

and shop throughout the day.

They also get paid a second time at Biz Town

where they get a paper paycheck, where they'll

have the opportunity to go to our bank and deposit

that check into the bank.

- Next.

Money

- [Woman] And they can use those funds to go shopping

in Biz Town as well.

- Tell me what your job is in here.

- [Girl] I'm the CFO for the rental company.

- I can talk about economics in the classroom, which we do

as part of our social studies unit, and communities,

but for them to see how everything's inter connected

is like hands on.

They can literally see how everything works.

- Well, our loan application got denied a few times,

so I left it on the CEO's desk.

Is that okay for him to sign?

- Yeah.

- Okay, thank you.

- I've been a small business owner, so I've gone through

the bank loan process, I've had to process payroll,

I've had to worry where's that next paycheck coming from.

- And this is your total.

So you take your 141.

- [Man] And dealing with paying bills,

and paying your employees,

I wish I would have had an experience like this,

'cause I probably would have been better prepared.

- [Man] They realize that what they're doing,

what their job is is going to affect everyone else's job.

They're all interconnected.

- I just found out that one of my people

did not do some of their work, so I'm finishing it for them.

- You have to have a group of people to work at one job.

You can't just have yourself because it's gonna be

too much work.

I say there's no I in team.

- If you really don't work together in your own team

as in your store, it's not going to grow.

(rock music)

- Now today, we'll treating you like adults.

(rock music)

- It's been nice experiencing how grownups

do their job and how hard it is

to get everything settled in.

(rock music)

- It's extremely authentic.

Watching our bank's CEO and I'm just laughing

'cause I'm in a managerial position and I'm watching him

feel the pressure of everybody coming at him

at once and I need you to sign this, and I need you

to process this, and it's great.

It's great to watch.

- When the students come in, in all honesty,

it looks like chaos.

But the end of day magically finds a rhythm to it.

And the students start to really get a sense of ownership

in their roles, and they start to perform their roles

and they start to rely on each other.

- And look at what they're doing right now,

they're actually operating a business, doing work,

but they don't see it as that.

Working nine to five, what a way to make a living

- It's been amazing.

I am really excited to be here right now.

I wish we could have a longer time experiencing this.

It's enough to drive you crazy if you let it

- Thanks so much Russ.

Joining me now is Sarah Cherne,

President and CEO of Junior Achievement of

Central Carolinas.

Sarah, thanks so much for your time.

It's great to see the energy that goes around

Junior Achievement.

And so much work goes into it.

Talks to us a little bit about what those three pillars are.

- Well, Junior Achievement basis all of their curriculum

in their education in the three pillars of entrepreneurship,

workforce readiness, and financially literacy training.

- And it's been around for a super long time

helping young people.

- Well, as a national organization, we've been around

for almost a hundred years, but here in Charlotte,

since 1958.

- And you're in what's a really exciting growth pattern.

- We are.

We served about 42,000 students last year,

but we have a vision to serve over a hundred

thousand students with our education and our training.

And our hope is also to increase our volunteer support.

We worked with about 4,000 volunteers last year,

and to do what we want to do is going to be about 8,000

that we're going to have to partner with to make

this happen in the school systems.

- So it's that partnership that I always says a non-profit,

we couldn't survive without partnerships.

But it was great to see in the fictional town.

Some real life companies and corporations that

students would recognize, whether they're the banker

or the mayor of the city, they get that kind of a little bit

of make believe, but a little bit of authentic real

in there as well.

- Well, I think the concept behind Biz Town

and the concept behind Finance Park, which is a program

that we want to implement in the coming year

for high school students in 10th grade is really

for students to actually enter into the experience.

It's a simulated experience based on hands-on

experiential learning, which we know to be super effective

and sticking with the students as they go through life.

So they involve themselves in a particular situation,

they work through the different challenges

that most people do as an adult, and they get trial

and error, but the consequences are not so severe

when you're actually doing this an experiment.

But what happens is they learn what they need to do,

and then how to really put a plan in place

in a path for their future.

- Let's talk a little bit, how do you measure success?

- Well, there are numerous ways that we go about

measuring success.

On a case by case basis, when we work the students,

we do pre and post testing.

But we also have empirical evidence that's done

by our national office that looks at JA alum.

These are people who are now adults.

And some of the data is pretty astounding.

143% of the students or the alum that they measured

indicated that they would be more willing or more likely

to actually become entrepreneurs and open a business.

Over 40% actually reported more economic viability

and also more control over their finances as adults.

And we find this to be very important, especially in light

of some of the research that's come out over Charlotte

being 50 out of 50 from the Brookings Institute

with kids moving from one socioeconomic strata to another.

- So what a great opportunity for them to see

what it's like to be an entrepreneur before they

have to worry about losing their own money.

- Well, what we hear a lot from the students

and what you've seen also from the testimony

by coming into Biz Town and talking to the parents and the

teachers, or the volunteers, and the students themselves,

is that they really take pride in learning and understanding

what it means to be a productive part of our workforce.

And we all know that being able to manage your finances

regardless of how much you've been blessed with

is absolutely essential for success in our country.

- Great information.

Sarah Cherne, President and CEO of Junior Achievement

of Central Carolinas.

We appreciate all that you do in our community

and wish you all the best as you continue to grow

in the future.

- Thank you.

- If you enjoy eating out, there are lots of great choices

in Charlotte, from ethnic to fine dining,

and everything in between.

The Queen City is developing a reputation as a

foodie hotspot.

A Carolina Impact's Sheila Saints reports,

what's driving this trend actually starts in the classroom.

(soul music)

- The dining scene in Charlotte has exploded

in the last five years.

- [Sheila] Stoke's wood fired oven and season menu

make the restaurant popular with locals and out-of-towners.

- I love working with the farmers and the different

purveyors that we work with

to bring in beautiful ingredients.

I love watching our cooks transform those into the food

that we serve at Stoke.

We build a plate over and over and over again.

And the last plate has to be as good as the first plate.

- [Sheila] Executive Chef Chris Coleman graduated

from CPCC's Culinary Art's program in 2005.

- They're great about putting down the basics.

You learn how to break down meet. You learn stocks.

But then you also learn other stuff that's really

important especially in leading a kitchen,

costing, numbers, nutrition, and how to write a menu

that can appeal to a guest.

Writing menus is probably my favorite part

of the job honestly.

You set up, you're ready for lunch.

I don't spend a ton of time cooking.

It is more about managing people, managing labor,

managing sourcing, and working with our purchaser.

So it's a little less hands on and a little more

like putting a puzzle together.

If I wasn't a chef, I don't know what I would do.

I like almost everything about it.

- [Dorilyn] What's the first thing we do?

- Wash our hands.

- Let's go.

- [Sheila] Dorilyn Abadia has loved to cook

ever since she was little.

- I first got into cooking when I was around 10 years old.

My mom wasn't a great cook.

So it came to the point where she was like okay,

either you eat what I cook or you can look over the counter,

you can cook.

Now, here break it up.

- Okay.

- [Sheila] Now, she shares her kitchen with her

own young daughter, passing along skills she's learning

through Central Piedmont Community Colleges

Culinary Arts program.

- [Dorilyn] Cutting up calamari.

- [Sheila] After working in retail, Dori realized

she realized she missed the kitchen, so she picked up

her apron and took a look of faith into a new career.

- And then the only thing that I had fun in doing

was cooking, so I was like I'm going to jump into cooking.

- I'm getting started on my spiced pumpkin raisin cookies.

- Then you see all these people that are on Food Network,

these big chefs that are around the world,

and they're making money, and I'm like why not do

what I love and make money.

- [Sheila] Dori finds the program affordable

the associate in applied science degree costs about $8,000.

Courses include baking and culinary fundamentals,

nutrition, purchasing, and management.

The program features state of the art equipment

and a mixture of classroom, lab, and on the job experience.

- We have a whole range of students right out of high school

to career changers that might be 55 years old.

- Graduates of culinary arts programs in Charlotte

are always in demand because of all the hotels,

and restaurants, and sporting events that are always

looking for talented cooks.

- [Man] Charlotte's a burgeoning young city.

They come from New York City and Boston.

- Okay, so how are you going to cook this rack of lamb?

- These are going to be seared.

- And we also have a very competitive market

for culinary schools here.

The biggest push we see now is for the farm

to table cooking.

We're blessed in North Carolina with a bounty

of local farmers.

- This town has grown to become a national,

international center of commerce and sports.

That draws in a lot of tourists with a lot of events

going on here.

- Let's do fairly small rings, about a quarter of an inch.

When you look at it, when you travel somewhere,

one of the things you want to do is you want to go out

on the town, you want to experience the local

flare of food.

Last year Zagat rated Charlotte as the number nine city

in the country as the best food destination city.

- Do a little bit of olive oil and salt on them

and let them--

- [Sheila] And Zagat named Stoke Charlotte at

Marriott Center City as one of the hottest

restaurants in Charlotte.

- [Dorilyn] Want to try it?

- Good.

- [Dorilyn] Good.

- [Sheila] As for Dori.

- I want to open up my own catering business.

I want something that when I get older,

my daughter gets older, the kids have something

they can either fall into or have something

that'll help them in their future.

Thank you ma'am.

- [Sheila] Dori hopes to save enough money

to one day put her own daughter college.

- Cheers. There we go.

- [Sheila] For Carolina Impact, I'm Sheila Saints reporting.

- Thanks so much Sheila.

Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools offer a high school

magnet program in the culinary arts.

So it's never to early to harness your passion.

Well, finally tonight, one in six children are obese

according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

This Spring, PBS Charlotte kicked off our Cyberchase

Step It Up! Challenge and we had one goal in mind,

to encourage people to set aside electronics and get moving.

Carolina Impact Jason Terzis has their story.

Cyberchase, we're moving

- [Jason] It's the popular PBS Kids show, Cyberchase.

Developed for children ages eighth to 11,

the Emmy award winning show is packed with mystery,

humor, and action.

- Get some fruit too. I could use a little energy.

- [Jason] It also teaches kids about the importance

of making health food choices.

- And your body needs healthy food,

otherwise, you get weak and tired.

- [Jason] But unfortunately, many of today's kids

aren't making those healthy choices.

- Probably about one third or 30% of all children

are either overweight or obese right now.

- [Jason] Dr. Erica Berger is a pediatrician

with Novant Health.

She knows that choices made early in life

have a direct correlation to those made

as the years go by.

- If you're a teenage and you're already overweight,

you have an 80% chance, a four out of five risk

of becoming overweight or obese as an adult.

- [Jason] Another contributor to today's out-of-shape kids

is something previous generations didn't have to deal with.

Technology, iPads, iPhones, computers, laptops,

and of course the old standby television,

all play key roles to unhealthy living.

- Sitting in front of a screen or using a screen

is going to mean more sedentary time.

Stick together all the time

- [Jason] Enter the Cyberchase Step It Up! Challenge.

Now in its second year, the program aims to inspire kids

and educators to find small opportunities

to work more steps into their daily routines.

The goal here in Charlotte, to get 600 second through

fifth graders to participate in the program.

- The overall goal is to increase children's

physical activity.

- [Jason] WTVI was one of eight PBS stations nationwide

selected to take part in this year's program.

- The response I got was overwhelming.

- [Jason] Beverly Dorn-Steele was PBS Charlotte's

Education and Outreach director.

She contacts CMS afterschool programs and area

Boys and Girls Clubs to gage their interest.

- One by one my email just started jumping off

with one response after another.

I would like to participate, how do I sign up?

When do we begin?

- [Jason] In March, Ms. Bev held an organizational

meeting where swag bags with all kinds of goodies

were handed out, including the most important part,

the pedometers to keep track of those steps.

- From going to the first meeting to finding out

what this was all about, I was excited.

- [Jason] In all, 15 CMS afterschool programs

and five Boys and Girls Clubs signed up for the

five week initiative.

- Hopefully, we will have hundreds and thousands of steps.

- [Jason] Many of the afterschool programs offer kids

incentives with weekly prizes.

- Every time somebody becomes the stepper of the week,

their certificate goes on the board or the door of

the classroom wherever they're at.

And so they get to see how many steps that person

actually made, and they actually need to be like,

"oh I'm gonna get more than they did."

So yes, it's exciting for them.

- Last week, I got first place in my group for steps.

(clapping)

- [Jason] Jaslynn Neals leads here after schoolers

at Parkside Elementary School at Mallard Creek

in organized dances.

Outside, kids play kickball, shoots some hoops,

and swing on the jungle gym, all while keeping

track of those steps.

- They love it.

The minute they put them on, they just moving

their little feet, they'll sit down at the table,

move their little feet, and they'll move their

little arms.

- [Jason] At the west side Boys and Girls Club

at the Southview Recreation Center, after school

students are always excited to head outside.

Warmups include jumping jacks and running in place.

(loud stepping)

But there's also fun like a limbo contest.

- I heard a couple of kids going back and forth

saying well I had X amount of steps per day,

looking at the end of the week just getting excited

about looking at their total numbers.

- Gonna do head, head, hip, hip.

- [Jason] At Hawk Ridge Elementary School in (mumbles),

Beverly Terry teaches kids the steps for the

hit song, Happy.

They also dance the Whip and Nae Nae.

(dance music)

And the Cha Cha Slide.

(dance music)

- Looking in the hallway when they were waiting on their

group to get out of the bathroom or to go outside,

you can see them marching and those little

pedometers clicking.

- [Jason] Helping to inspire kids at Hawk Ridge,

a giant homemade Step It Up poster complete

with inspirational messages the kids wrote themselves.

- We said just keep moving, just keep moving.

- [Jason] The Step It Up Challenge also allowed kids

to work on math skills, adding up daily and weekly steps

and dividing to figure out averages.

And as for those grand totals, remember the goal

was 600 kids, 789 took part.

- With those 789 students, we have totaled 28,442,205.

So congratulations.

- [Jason] That comes out to more than 36,000 steps

per student, and that's just in five weeks.

- I have to honestly say in my 36 years here

at PBS Charlotte, this has been the most

invigorating and engaging project to date.

- I want to take this time to tell Ms. Beverly, thank you

for allowing us to be a part of the program.

I think it did a wonderful job with these kids.

It's also something that we can do to continue,

using the pedometers through our summer camp.

- [Jason] Studies show that increasing activity

decreases risks of heart disease and diabetes,

while also increasing energy levels,

not only for kids, but for all of us.

For Carolina Impact, I'm Jason Terzis reporting.

- Thanks so much, Jason.

The Cyberchase Step It Up Challenge was made possible

thanks to a grant from 13 Productions

and Tufts University.

Well, please, be sure to like us on Facebook.

You'll find previews of local and national shows there.

We always like to have some fun with Facebook Live

on Thursday mornings previewing what's coming up

on the next Carolina Impact.

And you'll meet some of the special folks

touring our studio.

We had a great group of home schoolers today,

field trip friends of the county and the surround area.

So we were very happy to have those great kids

with us for the show.

Please, don't miss out on all the fun, and like our page.

Well, that does it for us tonight.

Thanks so much for your time.

We always appreciate it.

And we look forward to seeing you back here again next time

on Carolina Impact.

Good night my friends.

(easy listening music)

- [Man] A production of PBS Charlotte.

The Description of Carolina Impact Season 4 Episode 24